Avigdor Miller
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Avigdor Miller

Avigdor Miller
Personal
Born
Victor Miller[1]

(1908-08-28)August 28, 1908
DiedApril 20, 2001(2001-04-20) (aged 92)
Brooklyn, New York, United States
ReligionJudaism
NationalityUnited States
SpouseEttel
DenominationHaredi Judaism
Alma materYeshivas Knesses Yisrael (Slabodka)
PositionRabbi
SynagogueBais Yisroel of Rugby Torah Center
PositionMashgiach ruchani
YeshivaYeshiva Rabbi Chaim Berlin
Yahrtzeit27 Nisan
BuriedMount of Olives, Jerusalem, Israel
SemichaRabbi Isaac Elchanan Theological Seminary

Avigdor HaKohen Miller (August 28, 1908 – April 20, 2001) was an American Haredi rabbi, author, and lecturer. He served simultaneously as a communal rabbi, mashgiach ruchani (spiritual supervisor) of Yeshiva Rabbi Chaim Berlin, and as a teacher in Beis Yaakov.

Life and career

Avigdor Miller was born Victor Miller in Baltimore, Maryland. He was a kohen. Although he attended public school, only Yiddish was spoken at home. After school, he went to learn in an afternoon Talmud Torah. When he finished his regular classes at the Talmud Torah, the school arranged for him to learn privately with Avrohom Eliyahu Axelrod, a Lubavitcher Hasid. The Talmud Torah was unable to pay Axelrod, but he continued to teach Miller anyway. Miller would never forget that Axelrod continued to teach him without being paid, and spoke about him with appreciation.[2][verification needed]

Yeshiva University

At age 14, Miller went to New York City to attend Yeshivas Rabbenu Yitzchok Elchonon, at the time the only American high school offering high-level Jewish learning.[3] After this, he enrolled in Yeshiva College. He graduated from both Yeshiva University (YU) and Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theological Seminary (RIETS), attaining a B.A. and rabbinical ordination, respectively.[]

While a student at YU, Miller joined a chavurah (study group) together with a few other young men to study Mussar from the sefer Mesillas Yesharim. The organizer of the chavurah, which met clandestinely in Miller's dormitory room, was Yaakov Yosef Herman, a builder of Orthodox Judaism in New York City of the early 20th century. Some of the men in this group, which included Nosson Meir Wachtfogel, Yehuda Davis, and Mordechai Gifter, would go on to become notable Haredi rabbis in their own right.[3]

Herman encouraged Miller to travel to Europe to learn Torah in the yeshivas there. Miller met Isaac Sher, the son-in-law of Nosson Tzvi Finkel, who was in New York collecting funds for the Slabodka yeshiva at the time. Sher did not raise much money, since this was during the Great Depression. But Sher would later declare this to be his most successful trip to America, since he was able to recruit and bring such a bright student to Slabodka.[3]

Slabodka, Lithuania

In 1932, at the age of 24, Miller arrived in Europe to study at the Slabodka yeshiva in Slabodke, Lithuania, where he was greeted personally by Avraham Grodzinski, the mashgiach ruchani (spiritual supervisor). While there, he studied under Sher. As a student in Slabodka, Miller was so diligent in his studies that he wore out his shirtsleeves over the lectern he was using.[3] He was compelled to wear a coat during the summer, in order to conceal the multitude of overlapping patches that were his trousers.

Rabbi Shulman of Slabodka, a son-in-law of Sher, introduced Miller to Ettel Lessin, daughter of Yaakov Moshe HaCohen Lessin of Slabodka (later mashgiach in RIETS). They were married in 1935.[3]

Chelsea, Massachusetts

In 1938, due to the rise of Nazism and the tensions leading up to World War II, Miller sought to return to the United States with his wife and two sons. The American consul in Kovno at the time was a public high-school classmate and acquaintance of Miller's from Baltimore. He arranged passage for Miller's wife and children, who were not United States citizens.[] Upon returning to the U.S., Miller became rabbi of Congregation Agudath Shalom in Chelsea, Massachusetts.[4] Initially, the community was taken aback by Miller's audacious pedagogy, and the sheer volume of his Torah presentations, attempting in vain to restrain his unconventional approach. Within a few years, however, the community had changed their minds, desiring for Miller to stay longer. Miller received special dispensation to refrain from sending his young sons to public school. Instead, he had them tutored privately in secular subjects, and taught them Jewish studies himself. His sons still needed to appear at the public school twice a year for testing. This arrangement seemed to Miller to not be ideal; so, he began to look for a community with a stronger Jewish presence.[3]

Brooklyn, New York

In 1944, Yitzchok Hutner, rosh yeshiva (dean) of Yeshiva Rabbi Chaim Berlin, hired Miller to become its mashgiach ruchani, in which position he served until 1964. In 1945, he assumed the pulpit of the Young Israel of Rugby in East Flatbush, Brooklyn.[3] In 1975, with neighborhood demographics changing, Miller established the Bais Yisroel of Rugby Torah Center on Ocean Parkway in Midwood, Brooklyn.[]

Death and burial

Miller was taken to Maimonides Medical Center shortly after Passover, 2001.[5][]

At a memorial service the following Sunday, Miller was eulogized by Yosef Rosenblum, the rosh yeshiva of Beth Hamedrash Shaarei Yosher; Shmuel Berenbaum, rosh yeshiva of Mir yeshiva; Chaim Pinchas Scheinberg, rosh yeshiva of Torah Ore, who was in America on a visit from Jerusalem; and Miller's son-in-law, Shmuel Brog.[] Miller's body was transported to Israel, where a funeral was held at the Mir Yeshiva in Jerusalem.[]

After his death, a synagogue, Nitei Avigdor (Hebrew: ? ?‎), was founded in Miller's name in Williamsburg, Brooklyn.[]

Legacy

Miller authored several books about Jewish history, Jewish thought, Evolutionary Theory, and other subjects.[] Over a span of 50 years, more than 2,500 lectures by Miller in English were published as tape cassettes, as well as several in Yiddish. He gave most of his lectures in his Midwood synagogue.[]

Miller sought to awaken his audiences to the fundamental principle that there is a plan and purpose to every minute detail of life in this world, and he wished to make them happy and excited about its benefits.[6]

Views

Miller was outspoken in his belief that the Holocaust was a divine response to Jewish cultural assimilation in Europe. He wrote:

Hitler was not only sent by Heaven, but was sent as a kindness from Heaven... Because assimilation and intermarriage are worse than death ... and the German Jews and others ignored the Torah-teachers and refused to desist from their mad race into assimilation, the Nazis were sent to prevent them and rescue them before they were swallowed up by the nations.[7][8]

Miller was a staunch opponent of Zionism, in both its religious and secular forms, and was known to help the Satmar Hasidim translate their anti-Zionist ads in The New York Times.[]

He was an opponent of the Theory of Evolution.[9]

Miller described Mike Todd as a "wicked person" and praised Abbie Hoffman's suicide as a "mitzvah."[10]

Miller stated that those killed in the Kent State shootings were "bums and they deserved to be shot."[11]

Bibliography

Miller's books include:

Year Title ISBN/ASIN
1962 Rejoice O Youth! ISBN 1-60796-296-9
1968 Behold A People ASIN B00147BDGI
1971 Torah Nation ASIN B001N1HBJS
1973 Sing You Righteous ASIN B0032CITKG
1980 Awake My Glory ASIN B000HWDAVW
1987 The Beginning ASIN B00279K63I
1991 Exalted People ASIN B0006YP7EE
1991 A Nation is Born ASIN B002BA11DC
1994 A Kingdom of Priests
1995 The Universe Testifies ASIN B0032CJ32O
1996 Ohr Olam" (Hebrew 10 vol.) (adapted from Rabbi Miller's tapes)
1997 Journey into Greatness ASIN B001CDB5DU
2000 Career of Happiness ASIN B0032CDSZM
2001 A Fortunate Nation ASIN B0032C93L0
2002 Lev Avigdor ( ?)
2003 Praise My Soul ISBN 1-931681-48-1
2003 The Path of Life (Rabbi Y. Denese)
2006 The Making of a Nation Haggadah (Rabbi Betzalel Miller)
2012 Rav Avigdor Miller on Emunah and Bitachon (Rabbi Yaakov Astor) ASIN: B008560RXQ
2012 Purim with Rabbi Avigdor Miller - ?
2011 Q&A Thursday nights With Rabbi Avigdor Miller vol. 1
2013 Q&A Thursday nights With Rabbi Avigdor Miller vol. 2
2014 Q&A Thursday nights With Rabbi Avigdor Miller vol. 3
2019 Rav Avigdor Miller on Olam Haba

See also

References

Further reading

External links


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