Avalon Park, Chicago
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Avalon Park, Chicago

Avalon Park
Community Area 45 - Avalon Park
Location within the city of Chicago
Location within the city of Chicago
Coordinates: 41°45?N 87°35.4?W / 41.750°N 87.5900°W / 41.750; -87.5900Coordinates: 41°45?N 87°35.4?W / 41.750°N 87.5900°W / 41.750; -87.5900
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountyCook
CityChicago
Neighborhoods
Area
 o Total1.25 sq mi (3.24 km2)
Population
(2015[1])
 o Total9,780
 o Density7,800/sq mi (3,000/km2)
Demographics 2015[1]
 o White0.5%
 o Black97.4%
 o Hispanic0.6%
 o Asian0.6%
 o Other0.9%
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 o Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Codes
parts of 60617, 60619
Median household income$41,531[1]
Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services

Avalon Park, located on the south side of the U.S. city of Chicago, Illinois, is one of the city's 77 semi-official community areas and is named after its main park. Its boundaries are 76th St. to the north, South Chicago Ave. to the east and 87th St. to the south. The community area includes the neighborhoods of Avalon Park, Marynook and Stony Island Park.

History

Early settlers included German and Irish railroad workers in the 1880s who built homes on stilts to raise them above the often flooded marshlands. Some maps show a Hog Lake occupying the area of the present day park. Johnathon Pierce began to develop the area under the name "Pierce's Park" in 1888. The Avalon Park Community Church (founded in 1896) led an effort to change the name of the area, and in 1910 the name was changed to Avalon Park. A sewer system created in 1910 helped to drain the area and facilitate further development.[2]

Avalon Park experienced a major demographic change in the 1960s. In the 1960 census, Avalon Park was 0% African American (only six of 12,710 residents). A decade later, Avalon Park was 83% African American, according to the 1970 census. The African American population continued to increase, making up 98% of the residents by 1990. The change in the neighborhood was different from the "white flight" that many other Chicago neighborhoods experienced: the average educational level increased, while the poverty rate decreased from 6.1% to 5.1% between 1960 and 1970. Unlike in some other rapidly changing neighborhoods, the homeownership rate remained high - still above 70%, as it has been since 1950. In the 1980 census, 59% of the population were employed in white-collar occupations; this rose to 65% in the 2000 census.

(Source: "There Goes the Neighborhood: Racial, ethnic, and class tensions in four Chicago neighborhoods and their meaning for America" by William Julius Wilson and Richard P. Taub; 2006. The book gives Avalon Park a pseudonym of "Groveland".)

Demographics

According to data collected by the Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning, there were 9,985 people and 3,880 households in Avalon Park. The racial makeup of the area was 0.6% White, 97.2% African American, 0.4% Asian, 1.2% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population. In the area, the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 19, 17.6% from 20 to 34, 15.7% from 35 to 49, 23.1% from 50 to 64, and 20.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years compared to a citywide median age of 34 years.[4]

Politics

Avalon Park is a stronghold for the Democratic Party in presidential elections. In the 2016 presidential election, Avalon Park cast 5,510 votes for Hillary Clinton and cast 87 votes Donald Trump.[5] In the 2012 presidential election, Avalon Park cast 6,294 votes for Barack Obama and cast 49 votes for Mitt Romney.[6]

Notable people

  • Lee Bey, architect and writer. He was raised in Avalon Park.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Community Data Snapshot - Avalon Park" (PDF). cmap.illinois.gov. MetroPulse. Retrieved 2017.
  2. ^ Zangs, Mary (2014). The Chicago 77: a community area handbook. Charleston, SC 29403: The History Press. pp. 190-193. ISBN 978-1-62619-612-4.CS1 maint: location (link)
  3. ^ "Chicago Community Area Data". robparal.com. Rob Paral and Associates. Retrieved 2018.
  4. ^ "Community Demographic Snapshot: Avalon Park" (PDF). Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning. June 1, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  5. ^ Ali, Tanveer (November 9, 2016). "How Every Chicago Neighborhood Voted In The 2016 Presidential Election". DNAInfo. Archived from the original on September 24, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  6. ^ Ali, Tanveer (November 9, 2012). "How Every Chicago Neighborhood Voted In The 2012 Presidential Election". DNAInfo. Archived from the original on February 3, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  7. ^ Rodkin, Dennis (October 9, 2019). "An architecture writer's love letter to the South Side and the homes that tell its story". Crain's Chicago Business. Retrieved 2019.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Avalon_Park,_Chicago
 



 



 
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