|World Indoor Championships|
|World Junior Championships|
|World Youth Championships|
He won world youth and junior titles on the track in 2003 and 2004, eventually going on to set a world junior record for the 3000 metres in 2005. In his final year as a junior he won the World Cross Country Junior title.
He claimed the 5000 metres gold medal at the 2006 Commonwealth Games, but began to focus more on the 1500 metres from then on. He reached the 1500 m finals at the 2008 Summer Olympics and the 2009 World Championships in Athletics. Choge broke the long-standing 4×1500 metres relay world record with a Kenyan team of runners in September 2009.
He won national secondary schools 10,000 metres in 2002. At the 2003 IAAF World Cross Country Championships he finished fourth in the Junior race and won gold medal as a part of the junior team. He competed at the 2003 East African Youth Championships in May in Addis Ababa and won three gold medals, in 800, 1500 and 3000 metres. At the 2003 World Youth Championships in Athletics he won the 3000 metres race. He holds the 3000 metres world junior record set in May 2005 in Doha, the previous record (7:30.67) was held by Kenenisa Bekele, set in 2001.
Choge graduated from Kabikwen Secondary School in 2004. At the 2004 World Junior Championships in Athletics he won 5000 metres race. At the 2004 IAAF World Athletics Final he was third in 5000 metres. At the 2005 IAAF World Cross Country Championships he won the junior race and junior team race. At the 2005 IAAF World Athletics Final he finished third in 3000 metres.
Augustine Choge competed at the 2008 Beijing Olympics and finished tenth in the 1500 m final. He came fifth over 1500 m on his debut at the 2009 World Championships in Athletics in August. In 2009 he was part of the Kenyan team that set a new the 4 x 1500 metres relay world record, 14:36.23 minutes. Other members of the team were William Biwott Tanui, Gideon Gathimba and Geoffrey Rono. The previous record in this rarely competed event was set by West Germany in 1977, making it the oldest world record when it was broken.
He ran the fastest qualifying time in the 3000 m at the 2010 IAAF World Indoor Championships, but failed to repeat his form in the final and finished in eleventh place. He took his first win of the 2010 IAAF Diamond League in the 1500 m at the Shanghai Golden Grand Prix and ended the year as second in the Diamond rankings behind Asbel Kiprop. The start of the 2011 season saw him move up to the fourth fastest runner of all-time over the 3000 m indoors, running a time of 7:28.00 minutes while event winner Yenew Alamirew became the world's third fastest man.
|2003||World Cross Country Championships||Lausanne, Switzerland||4th||Junior race (7.92 km)||22:55|
|World Youth Championships||Sherbrooke, Canada||1st||3000 m||7:52.53|
|2004||World Junior Championships||Grosseto, Italy||1st||5000 m||13:28.93|
|World Athletics Final||Monte Carlo, Monaco||3rd||5000 m||13:09.00|
|2005||World Cross Country Championships||St Etienne, France||1st||Junior race (8 km)||23:59|
|World Athletics Final||Monte Carlo, Monaco||3rd||3000 m||7:39.99|
|2006||World Cross Country Championships||Fukuoka, Japan||7th||Short race (4 km)||11:03|
|Commonwealth Games||Melbourne, Australia||1st||5000 m||12:56.41|
|World Athletics Final||Stuttgart, Germany||3rd||1500 m||3:33.37|
|2008||World Cross Country Championships||Edinburgh, Scotland||12th||Long race (12 km)||35:26|
|Olympic Games||Beijing, China||9th||1500 m||3:35.50|
|2009||World Championships||Berlin, Germany||5th||1500 m||3:36.53|
|World Athletics Final||Thessaloniki, Greece||3rd||1500 m||3:35.46|
|2010||World Indoor Championships||Doha, Qatar||11th||3000 m||7:53.42|
|2012||World Indoor Championships||Istanbul, Turkey||2nd||3000 m||7:41.77|
|800 metres||1:44.86||Ostrava, Czech Republic||17 June 2009|
|1000 metres (indoor)||2:17.79||Prague, Czech Republic||26 February 2009|
|1500 metres||3:29.47||Berlin, Germany||14 June 2009|
|1500 metres (indoor)||3:33.23||Birmingham, England||19 February 2011|
|2000 metres (indoor)||4:56.30||Aubière, France||9 February 2007|
|One mile||3:50.14||London, England||14 August 2010|
|3000 metres||7:28.76||Doha, Qatar||6 May 2011|
|3000 metres (indoor)||7:28.00||Stuttgart, Germany||5 February 2011|
|5000 metres||12:53.66||Rome, Italy||8 July 2005|
|10,000 metres||29:06.5||Nairobi, Kenya||17 June 2002|