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Linguistic classificationNiger-Congo
  • Atlantic-Congo
ISO 639-5alv
Map of the Atlantic-Congo languages.svg
The Atlantic-Congo languages shown within the Niger-Congo language family. Non-Atlantic-Congo languages are greyscale.

The Atlantic-Congo languages are a major division constituting the core of the Niger-Congo language family of Africa, characterised by the noun class systems typical of the family. They comprise all of Niger-Congo except Mande, Dogon, Ijoid and the Katla and Rashad languages (previously classified as Kordofanian). Mukarovsky's West-Nigritic corresponded roughly to modern Atlantic-Congo.

In the infobox at the right, the languages which appear to be the most divergent are placed at the top.[2] The Atlantic branch is defined in the narrow sense, while the former Atlantic branches Mel and the isolates Sua, Gola and Limba, are split out as primary branches; they are mentioned next to each other because there is no published evidence to move them; Volta-Congo is intact apart from Senufo and Kru.

In addition, Güldemann (2018) lists Nalu and Rio Nunez as unclassified languages within Niger-Congo.[3]

There are a few poorly attested languages, such as Bayot and Bung, which may prove to be additional branches.


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Atlantic-Congo". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Roger Blench, Niger-Congo: an alternative view
  3. ^ Güldemann, Tom (2018). "Historical linguistics and genealogical language classification in Africa". In Güldemann, Tom (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of Africa. The World of Linguistics series. 11. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 58-444. doi:10.1515/9783110421668-002. ISBN 978-3-11-042606-9.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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