Athlete of the Year is an award given by various sports organizations for the athlete whom they have determined to be deserving of such recognition.
The awards are sometimes called Player of the Year. In the United States, several states choose a Mr. Basketball (Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Michigan, North Dakota, Utah, and Wisconsin). Such awards -- general and one-sport-only -- are common at the high-school, college (university), and professional levels in the United States.
Because these awards are given by American organizations, the winners are usually, but not always, Americans. Also, the presence of the word "Sportsman" in the name of an award does not imply that the award is open solely to men; women have frequently won these awards.