Ashur-nirari IV
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Ashur-nirari IV
Ashur-nirari IV
King of Assyria
King of the Middle Assyrian Empire
Reign1019-1013 BC
PredecessorShalmaneser II
SuccessorAshur-rabi II
FatherShalmaneser II

Aur-n?r?r? IV, inscribed ma?-?ur-ERIM.GABA, "(the god) Aur is my help,"[1] was the king of Assyria, the 94th to appear on the Assyrian Kinglist,[i 1][i 2] ruling 1019/18-1013 BC. His short six-year reign was marked by confusion and a dearth of contemporary inscriptions.

Biography

Schroeder's line art for the KAV 21 list of Eponyms showing the six years of Aur-n?r?r? IV and both his predecessor and successor.[i 3]

He succeeded his father, Salm?nu-a?ar?d II, whose twelve-year reign seems to have ended in confusion, as the last limmu official on his eponym list[i 3] is missing and recorded as ?a ar[ki si...], the eponym 'which is after' (the previous name). Aur-n?r?r? took the eponymy during his first year but the following year is marked ?a EGIR ma?-?ur-, "(year) after Aur-..." and thereafter all the remaining years were recorded with a sequential number and a Winkelhaken to designate "ditto." It is probable that events were so turbulent during this period that an eponym was not appointed.[2]

The Babylonian king, Ninurta-kudurr?-u?ur I (987-985 BC) is given as his counterpart on the Synchronistic Kinglist[i 4] but the conventional chronology would suggest it was the earlier monarch, Simbar-?ipak (1025-1008 BC). The later king, Aur-nir-apli II mentions "Sibir, king of Kardunia?" in the context of the capture of the city of Atlila, in his annals, and historians have tentatively identified this individual with Simbar-?ipak, suggesting he engaged in warfare against Assyria around this time.[3]

His successor was his uncle, Aur-rabi II, a younger son of the earlier king Aur-nir-apli I. The circumstances of the succession are unknown and the Assyrian Kinglist gives no indication that he was overthrown, the usual cause of an uncle to succeed his nephew in the Assyrian monarchy.

Inscriptions

  1. ^ Khorsabad Kinglist, tablet IM 60017 (excavation nos.: DS 828, DS 32-54), iv 8.
  2. ^ Nassouhi Kinglist, Istanbul A. 116 (Assur 8836), iv 21.
  3. ^ a b Eponym List KAV 21, tablet VAT 11254, iv.
  4. ^ Synchronistic Kinglist, Ass 14616c (KAV 216).

References

  1. ^ A. Fuchs, K. Radner (1998). "Aur-n?r?r? II". In K. Radner (ed.). The Prosopography of the Neo-Assyrian Empire, Volume 1, Part I: A. The Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project. p. 208.
  2. ^ M. T. Larsen (1974). "Unusual Eponymy-datings from Mari and Assyria". Revue d'Assyriologie: 21.
  3. ^ J. A. Brinkman (1968). A Political History of Post-Kassite Babylonia, 1158-722 B.C. Pontificium Institutum Biblicum. p. 154.
Preceded by
Salm?nu-a?ar?d II
King of Assyria
1019–1013 BC
Succeeded by
Aur-rabi II

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