Artist-in-residence programs exist to invite artists, academicians, and curators to reside within the premises of an institution. For example, a large church often has an organist-in-residence or "resident organist" who is the default performer when the organ is needed or used. Similarly a "painter-in-residence" is often the first artist considered by their institution when it needs or desires a painting to be painted.
Various Composer-in-Residence programs exist, for example with orchestras and universities. Ensembles may be "ensembles-in-residence", such as Gamelan Pacifica residing in Cornish College of the Arts.
Comic artists programs are specifically called Comic Artist in Residence.