Buckingham St, Arrowtown's main shopping street
|Territorial authority||Queenstown-Lakes District|
|o Mayor||Jim Boult|
|o District||8,704.97 km2 (3,361.01 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+12 (NZST)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+13 (NZDT)|
|Local iwi||Ng?i Tahu|
Arrowtown (M?ori: Waiwhakaata) is a historic gold mining town in the Otago region of the South Island of New Zealand. Arrowtown is located on the banks of the Arrow River approximately 7.5 km from State Highway 6. There is also road access directly to Queenstown via the Shotover Gorge and a third route via the picturesque Lake Hayes.
In the 1960s the population had fallen to a low of fewer than 200 people before gaining popularity again. According to the 2013 New Zealand census, the usually resident population of Arrowtown was 2,445, a 13.7% increase since 2006. Despite the growth and construction, it falls under strict appearance covenants applied by the local authority that aim to preserve the appearance of the town.
Arrowtown has one school, Arrowtown Primary School, with a roll of around 540 students from Years 1 to 8.
Bordering the town is Sir Michael Hill's Championship Golf Course which is home to the New Zealand Golf Open. This championship golf course is a private membership club, but does allow green fee players by appointment only. The club also provides a Day Spa that is available to the public.
Nearby is the luxury Millbrook Resort, which has a spa and 27-hole golf course. It was the site of the agreement of the Millbrook Commonwealth Action Programme, a programme of the Commonwealth of Nations on the implementation of the Harare Declaration.
Gold was found in the Arrow River in 1862, and a township of 1,000 miners soon sprang up. It was initially named Fox's, based on William Fox's claim to have been first to find gold there, but was soon renamed Arrowtown. At the high point of the gold rush the population of Arrowtown rose to over 7,000 and it became the center of a larger municipality, which covered the new settlements of Macetown, Skippers Canyon and Bullendale (today only ghost towns).
Arrowtown travel guide from Wikivoyage