Arnd Kruger
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Arnd Kruger

Arnd Krüger (born July 1, 1944) is a German professor of sport studies. Krüger earned his BA (English major) from UCLA in 1967 and his PhD from the University of Cologne (Modern and Medieval History) in Germany in 1971. He attended UCLA on a track scholarship, was 10 times German champion, and represented West Germany at the 1968 Summer Olympics in the 1500 metres run, where he reached the semi-final.[1][2]

After completing the PhD, Krüger worked for the German Sports Federation (1971-74), and the Berlin Teachers' Training College (1974-78) and taught part-time at the German National Coaching Academy. He was Associate Professor for Coaching and Movement Sciences at the University of Hamburg (1978-80) and then became full professor for Sport Studies and Chair of the Physical Education Department at the University of Göttingen and was head of the Society and Training Section. He has served several times as Dean of the School of Social Sciences in Göttingen.

Krüger was the founding president of the European committee for sports history (1995-97).[1][1] and has been the President of the Niedersächsisches Institut für Sportgeschichte (Lower Saxony Institute for Sport History).[3] since 2000. He is an International Fellow of the American National Academy of Kinesiology. He is the author/editor of more than 40 books and has been published in 15 languages. He has guided 60 PhD and over 300 M.A. theses and was guest professor in Mexico and Japan. In 1985 he founded one of the first sports kindergartens which still exists.[4] The WorldCat has 219 works of/about him.[5]

Krüger gained international notoriety in 2008 when he told an academic conference that the eleven Israeli Olympic athletes killed by Palestinian terrorists in an event known as the Munich massacre had effectively decided to commit suicide by allowing themselves to be killed, as they knew from the Israeli press that they were in serious danger.[6]

The German Sports Sciences Association dubbed Krüger's remarks "unfortunate," and said the disciplinary board will convene to discuss the case. He later was reprimanded, but not excluded, as he was clearly not an anti-semite [7]

The ombudsman-commission of his university in charge of the case (under the chairmanship of a Law Professor, with qualifications of a high court judge) heard witnesses and acquitted him.[8] In 2012 he received the Human Resources Award for innovative health management of the Deutsche Verband für Gesundheitssport und Sporttherapie and the Fraunhofer Gesellschaft for their successful Core training programme of forest workers.[9] He was honored by an international Festschrift at the occasion of his 65th birthday (2009) and received the prestigious Bernhard-Zimmermann-Medal for his merits for sport history in 2016.[10]


  • (1972) Die Olympischen Spiele 1936 und die Weltmeinung: ihre außenpolitische Bedeutung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der USA. Berlin: Bartels & Wernitz, 1972. ISBN 3-87039-925-2
  • (1975) Sport und Politik: von Turnvater Jahn zum Staatsamateur. Hannover: Fackelträger. ISBN 3-7716-2087-2
  • (1975) Theodor Lewald : Sportführer ins Dritte Reich. Berlin: Bartels & Wernitz. ISBN 3-87039-954-6
  • Oberdieck, Helmut. (1978) Guide to Track & Field Injuries Los Altos, CA: Tafnews. ISBN 0-911520-85-6
  • (1979) with Dieter Niedlich: Ursachen der Schulsport-Misere in Deutschland: Festschrift für Professor Konrad Paschen. London: Arena Publ. ISBN 0-902175-37-8
  • (1980) Das Berufsbild des Trainers im Sport. International vergleichende Studie und Perspektiven der Traineraus- und - weiterbildung in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland Schorndorf: Hofmann. ISBN 3-7780-7311-7
  • (1981) Sport und Gesellschaft Berlin: Tischler. ISBN 3-922654-06-1
  • (1984) with John McClelland (eds.). Die Anfänge des modernen Sports in der Renaissance. London : Arena Publ. ISBN 0-902175-45-9
  • with Niedlich, Dieter 200 Neue Basketball-Drills 1 edition. Schorndorf: Hofmann, 1982, new editions 1991, 1996, 2001. ISBN 3-7780-9573-0
  • with Gebauer, Susanne. (1995) Informationseinrichtungen im Sport. Eine Erhebung in Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz Cologne: Sport und Buch Strauss. ISBN 3-89001-185-3
  • with Oberdieck, Helmut; Sturm, Manfred. (1986) Ratgeber für Leichtathletikverletzungen Berlin: Tischler. ISBN 3-922654-15-0
  • with Niedlich, Dieter. (1985) 100 Ballspiel-Fertigkeitstests Schorndorf: Hofmann. ISBN 3-7780-9811-X
  • (1985) (ed.). Leibesübungen in Europa. Die Europäische Gemeinschaft. London: Arena Publ. ISBN 0-902175-42-4
  • with Else Trangbæk (1999)(ed.). Gender & sport from European perspectives. Copenhagen : CESH. ISBN 87-89361-67-9
  • with Murray, William. (2003)The Nazi Olympics: sport, politics and appeasement in the 1930s Urbana: University of Illinois Press, ISBN 0-252-02815-5
  • with Riordan, James (2003). European cultures of sport: examining the nations and regions. Bristol: Intellect. ISBN 1-8415-0014-3
  • with Riordan, James (1999). The international politics of sport in the twentieth century. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-419-21160-8
  • with Riordan, James (1996). The story of worker sport. Champaign, Ill.: Human Kinetics. ISBN 0-87322-874-X
  • with Carter, John M. (1990). Ritual and record: sports records and quantification in pre-modern societies. Westport, Conn: Greenwood. ISBN 0-313-25699-3
  • with McClelland, John (1984). Die Anfänge des modernen Sports in der Renaissance. London: Arena Publ. ISBN 978-0-902175-45-7
  • with Bernd Wedemeyer-Kolwe (eds.)(2009). Vergessen, verdrängt, abgelehnt: zur Geschichte der Ausgrenzung im Sport. Berlin: Lit. ISBN 978-3-643-10338-3
  • With Roland Naul (eds.)(2009). Kulturen des Jugendsports : Bildung, Erziehung und Gesundheit. Aachen: Meyer & Meyer. ISBN 978-3-89899-310-4
  • With Swantje Scharenberg (eds.) (2014). Zeiten für Helden - Zeiten für Berühmtheiten im Sport. Münster: LIT. ISBN 978-3-643-12498-2
  • Grenzüberschreitung: Sport neu denken. Festschrift zum 65. Geburtstag von Prof. Dr. Arnd Krüger. Swantje Scharenberg, Bernd Wedemeyer-Kolwe, editors. Hoya: Niedersächsisches Inst. für Sportgeschichte, 2009. ISBN 978-3-932423-35-2.


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