ArcelorMittal
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ArcelorMittal

ArcelorMittal, S.A.
Société Anonyme
Traded asEuronextMT
NYSEMT
BMADMTS
LuxSEMT
CAC 40 Component
ISINLU0323134006 Edit this on Wikidata
IndustrySteel
PredecessorArcelor
Mittal Steel Company
Founded2006; 13 years ago (2006)
Headquarters24-26, Boulevard d'Avranches, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Lakshmi Mittal
(Chairman and CEO)
Aditya Mittal
(CFO)
ProductsFinished, semi-finished, long and flat products, such as slabs, hot-rolled coil, cold-rolled coil, coated steel products, tinplate and heavy plate, as well as billets, blooms, rebars, wire rod, sections, rails, sheet piles and drawn wire
RevenueIncreaseUS$76.03 billion (2018)[1]
IncreaseUS$8.97 billion (2018)[1]
IncreaseUS$6.14 billion (2018)[1]
IncreaseUS$101.24 billion (2018)[1]
IncreaseUS$50.08 billion (2018)[1]
OwnerLakshmi Mittal (37.4%)[2]
Number of employees
209,000 (2018)
Websitecorporate.arcelormittal.com

ArcelorMittal S.A. (French pronunciation: ​[a?s?l mital]) is a multinational steel manufacturing corporation headquartered in Luxembourg City. It was formed in 2006 from the takeover and merger of Arcelor by Indian-owned Mittal Steel.[2] ArcelorMittal is the world's largest steel producer, with an annual crude steel production of 92.5 million metric tonnes as of 2018.[3] It is ranked 123rd in the 2017 Fortune Global 500 ranking of the world's largest corporations.[4]

History

2006-2008: Formation and scalebacks

ArcelorMittal was created by the takeover of Western European steel maker Arcelor (Spain, France, and Luxembourg) by Indian-owned multinational steel maker Mittal Steel in 2006, at a cost of EUR40.37 per share, approximately $33 billion total. Mittal Steel launched a hostile takeover bid, which replaced a previous planned merger between Arcelor and Severstal that had lacked sufficient shareholder approval.

The resulting merged business was named ArcelorMittal and was headquartered in Luxembourg City.[5][6] The resulting firm produced approximately 10% of the world's steel, and was by far the world's largest steel company. Total revenues in 2007 were $105 billion.[7][8]

The company earned revenues of $105 billion in 2007.[8] By February 2008, the company had 320,000 employees in 60 countries.[8] In October 2008, the market capitalisation of ArcelorMittal was over $30 billion,[9] after peaking at $32.5 billion in September 2008.[2] At the end of 2008, the company reported operating income of around $12 billion.[10]

In December 2008, ArcelorMittal announced several plant closings, including the Bethlehem Steel plant in Lackawanna, New York, and LTV Steel in Hennepin, Illinois.[] After purchase of Kryvorizhstal, Ukraine's largest steel producer, employment was scaled back from 57,000 employees to 30,000.[]

2011-2014: Losses and Senegal agreement

In 2010, the company's operating income had fallen to $4.9 billion, with sales down 10 percent from the year earlier, and income down 50 percent as steel prices slumped.[10] In 2011, the company began curtailing its European production to match the reduced demand for steel.[10] It also sold Skyline Steel and Astralloy to a rival, Nucor, for $605 million.[10] On 26 January 2011, the stainless steel division split off as a new company, Aperam.[] As of 2012, due to overcapacity and reduced demand in Europe, it had idled 9 of 25 blast furnaces;[10] in October 2012 it permanently shut down two blast furnaces at Florange, France.[11] On 31 October 2012, the company reported a third-quarter loss of $709 million as compared to a $659 million profit for the same period a year ago, citing the slow down in China's economy.[12] In 2012 ArcelorMittal had $22 billion of debt.[10]

In January 2013, ArcelorMittal bid $1.5 billion to acquire ThyssenKrupp AG's rolling mill in Calvert, Alabama, United States.[13] On 26 February 2014, ThyssenKrupp sold their Calvert carbon steel facility to ArcelorMittal and Nippon Steel for $1.55 billion,[14] as a new joint venture.[15] The facility was renamed AM/NS Calvert through the 50/50 joint partnership with Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corp.[16] The firm also entered into a $2.2 billion contract to develop an iron ore deposit in Senegal. This included construction of a 750 km (466 mi) railway line. After it stalled on the contract and failed to build according to schedule, the Government of Senegal sued.[17] In September 2013, the government of Senegal won a court case before an international tribunal to rescind a $2.2 billion deal with ArcelorMittal after the company suspended work on an iron ore mine in the country.[18] In June 2014, the International Chamber of Commerce's arbitration court in Paris awarded Senegal $150 million.[17]

Dealing with price and demand fluctuations in the steel market, from 2012 to 2014 ArcelorMittal restructured its European division by reducing employee numbers and closing plants.[19] In May 2014, ArcelorMittal, citing economic self-interest, declared its opposition to sanctions on Russia.[20] As of June 2014, ArcelorMittal accounted for 7 percent of world steel production. After being shut out of the Chinese steel industry in 2005, along with other foreign companies, in 2014 the company announced it was planning new plants in China.[21] In 2014, the company had an annual crude steel production of 98.1 million tons.[3]

2008-2016: Price fixing convictions

Following an investigation first launched in 2008, in August 2016 the South African Competition Commission found the company guilty of price fixing. ArcelorMittal was fined US$110.9 million and, as part of the settlement, also agreed to invest R4.64 billion in capital over five years.[22] According to the findings, the firm had been part of a 17-member-steel group nicknamed "Club Zürich", that later became known as "Club Europe." Between January 1984 and September 2002, the companies fixed the market, prices, and exchanged confidential corporate information.[23]

2015-2016: Recent acquisitions

In 2015, the company had a net loss of $7.9 billion.[24] Between February 2015 and February 2016, share value dropped 60%, making the company the "worst performer" in the FTSEurofirst300 index. The CEO said the company had performed poorly in 2015 due to "Chinese exports depressing prices."[2] Early in 2016,[24] the company announced it had raised $3 billion in new investment capital to help reduce debt[25] to $11.7 billion of debt.[24] In early 2016[24] the company also announced a program to boost core profit by $3 billion by 2020 "through a mixture of cost-cutting, increased production and a focus on higher-value forms of steel." Chairman Lakshmi Mittal announced doubled earnings the following year in May 2017.[26] Along with the increase in capital, the company also sold its 35% stake in Gestamp Automacion for $979 million, with the goal of reducing ArcelorMittal's debt to less than $12 billion.[2] By February 2016, the company made about 6% of the world's steel.[2] It ranked 108th in the 2016 Fortune Global 500 ranking of the world's biggest corporations.[4]

2017: Market changes

In February 2017 ArcelorMittal announced its first annual profits in five years.[27] In February 2017, ArcelorMittal and Votorantim announced plans to combine their long steel operations in Brazil. Under the deal, Votorantim Siderurgia became a subsidiary of ArcelorMittal Brasil.[27] In late May 2017, ArcelorMittal and the Steel Authority of India Ltd (SAIL) agreed on preliminary terms to form a $913 million joint venture to export a fifth of the auto-grade steel made by the venture.[28] In March 2017, the company proposed a new US$6.5 billion steel project in Karnataka, after entering into a pact with the Karnataka government[29] in February 2017.[30] In April 2017, Sanjeev Gupta's Liberty House Group announced it had agreed to acquire ArcelorMittal's Georgetown Steelworks in South Carolina.[29] It is ranked 123 in the 2017 Fortune Global 500 ranking of the world's biggest corporations.[4]

By March 2017, ArcelorMittal was leading a consortium bidding for Ilva.[31] An Italian company, Ilva owns the Taranto steelworks in southern Italy, which has Europe's largest steel output. The steelworks had been accused of toxic emissions linked to local cancer rates, and had been nationalized by the government years prior.[32] The buyers were the AM Investco consortium, which beyond ArcelorMittal included Marcegaglia and Banca Intesa Sanpaolo.[32] In May 2017, ArcelorMittal was announced as the preferred bidder over a different consortium led by JSW Steel, after it was able to pledge a production increase and guarantee employment levels. The final decision was waiting on Italy's ministry of economic development.[33] On 5 June 2017, ArcelorMittal won approval to purchase Ilva for EUR1.8 billion. In its bid, AM Investco had pledged to make investments into Ilva of EUR2.4bn until 2023.[32] On 1 November 2018, ArcelorMittal assumed ownership of Ilva steel operations and ArcelorMittal Italia was formed.[34]

In July 2017 the company reported a 19.3 per cent year-on-year rise in its earnings for the year's second quarter. Also, that month European Court of Justice ruled against ArcelorMittal in its lawsuit against how the EU allocates free carbon permits.[35] The amount was lower than predicted by analysts, with the company citing the volatility in market prices.[36]

On November 4th 2019, Arcelor Mittal sent to Ilva's Commissioners a notice to terminate, the Ilva lease agreement[37], citing as reasons that the Italian Parliament had removed the legal protection necessary for the Company to implement its environmental plan without the risk of criminal liability and that a recent decision by the criminal court of Taranto would effectively force Mittal to close blast furnace #2 by December 13th 2019. A legal and media battle with the Italian state started immediately, as Ilva is not only the single primary steel mill Mittal operates in Italy but also the largest employer in Taranto[38].


Products and activities

Steel being rolled at an ArcelorMittal facility in Brazil.

The company is involved in research and development, mining, and steel.[39] ArcelorMittal in 2016 produced around 90 million tons of steel.[27] As of May 2017, the company made 200 unique steel grades for automotive purposes, half of which were introduced since 2007.[40] Among the steel varieties are Usibor 2000, which the company announced in June 2016 and released later that year. Upon release, the high-strength automotive steel was said to be about one-third stronger than other steels then available for carmaking.[25]

Company structure

Lakshmi Mittal (owner of Mittal Steel) is the chairman and CEO. His family owns 40% of the shares and voting shares in the company.[41] After a $3 billion rights issue earlier in April 2016, the company by 21 April 2016 had a share value of 16,616 million euros, distributed in 3,065,710,869 shares.[42]

Predecessor companies

Acquired by Mittal Steel Company:

Acquired by Arcelor:

Board of directors

Comprised as follows by nine people as of June 2017:[47]

Employees

As of 2012, the company had thousands of workers at 12 major facilities in the United States, in states such as Indiana, Ohio and Pennsylvania. All non-salary employees in North America, with the exception of the Dofasco facility in Hamilton, Ontario, are represented by the United Steelworkers union, the largest industrial union in North America. Also, at the time around 100,000 of the company's 260,000 employees were in Europe.[10] As of 31 December 2013, the company employed over 232,000 people, of which 37% were in the EU, with a further 16% in non-EU European countries, 17% in Asia, 16% in North America, the remainder split between South America and the Middle East and Africa.[48] ArcelorMittal is also Luxembourg's largest private employer. At the beginning of 2014, it employed 4,600 employees in the Grand Duchy.[49]

Facilities

Headquarters and offices

The head office of ArcelorMittal is in Luxembourg City. The building was the head office of Arbed before that company merged with Aceralia and Usinor.[50]

Major plant locations

ArcelorMittal Ostrava.

Operated by ArcelorMittal:

Joint ventures:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "FY 2018 Results".
  2. ^ a b c d e f "World's Biggest Steelmaker Raising $3 Billion As Profits Plunge". Fortune. 5 February 2016. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Annual Report 2018 on Form 20-F ArcelorMittal". ArcelorMittal.
  4. ^ a b c "91. ArcelorMittal", GLOBAL 500 - Our annual ranking of the world's largest corporations, CNN
  5. ^ Kanter, James; Timmons, Heather; Giridharadas, Anand (25 June 2006), "Arcelor agrees to Mittal takeover", The New York Times
  6. ^ Lenard, David M. (7 June 2006), "Arcelor Mittal: The dawn of a steel giant", www.atimes.com, Asia Times Online
  7. ^ Steel firm opts for Mittal offer, BBC News, 25 June 2006
  8. ^ a b c De Smedt, Seraf; Van Hoey, Michel (February 2008), "Integrating steel giants: An interview with the ArcelorMittal postmerger managers", www.mckinseyquarterly.com, archived from the original on 25 November 2012
  9. ^ "Yahoo Finance: ArcelorMittal, (finance.yahoo.com)". Archived from the original on 27 October 2008.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g Reed, Stanley (25 July 2012), "A Global Steel Giant Scales Back", The New York Times
  11. ^ Kessler, Vincent (1 October 2012), "ArcelorMittal confirms French furnace closures", uk.reuters.com
  12. ^ "Steelmaker ArcelorMittal Posts $709M 3Q Loss". The New York Times. 31 October 2012.[dead link]
  13. ^ Reuters (17 January 2013). "ArcelorMittal bids $1.5 billion for ThyssenKrupp's Alabama plant". Reuters.
  14. ^ "ArcelorMittal, Nippon Steel buy ThyssenKrupp's U.S. factory". Japan Today. Retrieved 2013.
  15. ^ Finch II, Michael (26 February 2014). "Sale of ThyssenKrupp Steel USA clears all regulatory approval". The Press-Register. Retrieved 2014.
  16. ^ a b Finch II, Michael (26 February 2014). "Sale of ThyssenKrupp Steel USA clears all regulatory approval". Press-Register. Mobile, Alabama. Retrieved 2014.
  17. ^ a b Felix, Bate (6 June 2014). "UPDATE 1-Senegal to receive $150 mln in damages from ArcelorMittal". Reuters.
  18. ^ Senegal wins court case against Arcelor Mittal -government, International: Reuters, 10 September 2013
  19. ^ Powley, Tanya (6 November 2014). "ArcelorMittal boosted by pick-up in steel business". Financial Times. United Kingdom. Retrieved 2017.
  20. ^ ArcelorMittal Opposes Western Sanctions Against Russia, Reuters, 2014, archived from the original on 7 September 2014
  21. ^ Hornby, Lucy (15 June 2014). "ArcelorMittal's path to China not paved with steel". Financial Times. United Kingdom. Retrieved 2017.
  22. ^ Smith, Carin (22 August 2016). "ArcelorMittal to pay R1.5bn price fix fine". Fin24. Retrieved 2016.
  23. ^ "Press release: Antitrust: Commission fines prestressing steel producers EUR 269 million for two-decades long price-fixing and market-sharing cartel". Europa.eu. 4 April 2011.
  24. ^ a b c d Pooler, Michael (11 March 2016). "ArcelorMittal outlines terms of $3bn rights issue". Financial Times. United Kingdom. Retrieved 2017.
  25. ^ a b Pooler, Michael (5 June 2016). "ArcelorMittal to launch new high strength steel". Financial Times. United Kingdom. Retrieved 2017.
  26. ^ McClean, Paul (12 May 2017). "ArcelorMittal doubles earnings after cost-cutting drive". Financial Times. United Kingdom. Retrieved 2017.
  27. ^ a b c Pooler, Michael (23 February 2017). "ArcelorMittal and Votorantim to combine Brazilian long steel operations". Financial Times. United Kingdom. Retrieved 2017.
  28. ^ "ArcelorMittal, SAIL agree to mediator's proposal to advance Indian venture". The Economic Times. India. 31 May 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  29. ^ a b "Indian-origin tycoon Sanjeev Gupta to acquire ArcelorMittal's US unit". The Economic Times. India. 21 April 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  30. ^ "ArcelorMittal plans solar farm on steel plant land in Karnataka". Economic Times. India. 26 February 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  31. ^ a b Pooler, Michael; Politi, James (5 March 2017). "Bidding race to win Europe's biggest steel plant heats up". Financial Times. United Kingdom. Retrieved 2017.
  32. ^ a b c d Pooler, Michael (6 June 2017). "ArcelorMittal wins race to buy Italian steel business Ilva". Financial Times. United Kingdom. Retrieved 2017.
  33. ^ Pooler, Michael; 26 May 2017 Politi, James. "ArcelorMittal-led group leads race to buy Ilva steel plant". Financial Times. United Kingdom. Retrieved 2017.
  34. ^ "Global Newswire".
  35. ^ Alistair Holloway (July 2017). "ArcelorMittal earnings rise less than expected". Luremburger Wort. Retrieved 2017.
  36. ^ Andries Mahlangu (27 July 2017). "ArcelorMittal SA sinks deeper into the red". Business Day. Retrieved 2017.
  37. ^ "AM InvestCo Italy sends withdrawal and termination notice from the lease and purchase agreement for Ilva business". corporate.arcelormittal.com. Retrieved 2019.
  38. ^ "ArcelorMittal gets its fingers burned in Italy's Ilva steel mill". The Economist. 7 December 2019. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 2019.
  39. ^ What We Do, ArcelorMittal, retrieved 2017
  40. ^ "ArcelorMittal reports that automakers are using more steel as quality improves". Chesterton Tribune. 16 May 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  41. ^ Shareholding structure, 012, archived from the original on 5 October 2012, The following table sets forth information on 30 September 2012 with respect to the beneficial ownership and voting rights of ArcelorMittal shares
  42. ^ ArcelorMittal announces the successful completion of its c.US$3bn rights issue, ArcelorMittal, 4 April 2016, retrieved 2017
  43. ^ a b "LTV Steel assets sold". CNN Money. 27 February 2002.
  44. ^ History of Republic Steel
  45. ^ "Dofasco recommends acceptance of Arcelor bid". CBC News. 24 January 2006.
  46. ^ AP (26 December 2006). "ThyssenKrupp goes to court over Dofasco". Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2006.[permanent dead link]
  47. ^ a b c d e f g h i ArcelorMittal Board, ArcelorMittal, 2017, retrieved 2017
  48. ^ ArcelorMittal annual review 2013, ArcelorMittal, Allocation of employees at 31 December 2013 according to geographical location
  49. ^ "Les plus gros employeurs du Luxembourg sont..." Les Sentinel. France. 2 July 2014.
  50. ^ Arcelor-Mittal : un siège au Luxembourg (in French), Le Journal du Net, retrieved 2012
  51. ^ DePass, Dee (31 December 2019). "ArcelorMittal takes over Hibbing Taconite management from Cliffs". Minneapolis Star-Tribune. Retrieved 2019.
  52. ^ a b "Algeria: Government takes over steel production from ArcelorMittal". North Africa Post. 8 October 2013. Retrieved 2017.
  53. ^ "ArcelorMittal and Nippon Steel Corporation Announce $240 million Expansion at I/N Kote in New Carlisle, Indiana". Bloomberg L.P. 16 April 2008. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. Retrieved 2014.

External links


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ArcelorMittal
 



 



 
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