Antonin Mrkos
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Antonin Mrkos
Antonín Mrkos

Antonín Mrkos (Czech pronunciation: ['anto?i:n 'mr?kos]; 27 January 1918 – 29 May 1996) was a Czech astronomer, born in St?emchoví, Czechoslovakia.

Biography

Mrkos entered the University in Brno in 1938. His studies were interrupted by the onset of World War II, and in 1945 he became a staff member at the Skalnaté Pleso Observatory in Slovakia. It was from here that he carried out his extremely active cometary programme and became the discoverer of several unusual comets, the most famous of them the bright Comet 1957d.

He was the second Czech in Antarctica and the first Czechoslovak to reach the Southern Pole of Inaccessibility as a member of the 3rd Soviet Antarctic Expedition (1957-1959). The Czechoslovakian flag was the second flag raised after the flag of the USSR. He returned to Antarctica as the head of the four-member Czechoslovakian crew in the seventh Soviet Antarctic Expedition (1961–1963). He was studying auroras among other things.[2]

He was invited for what would have been his third expedition to the Antarctic but could not participate because of an almost fatal accident. It is thought someone tried to injure or to kill him by adding a bottle of strongly concentrated detergent among his other bottles of mineral water. Since this accident he could only eat liquid meals for the rest of his life.

In 1965 he became director of Kle? observatory.[2] Beginning in 1968 he made photographic observations at Kle? and extended this activity to minor planets in 1977. For many years he was the most regular contributor of data to the Minor Planet Center. He was President of Commission 6 from 1985 until 1988 (and Vicepresident from 1982 until 1985). He was associate professor at the Charles University in Prague and the University of South Bohemia. Mrkos died in 1996 in Prague, aged 78.

He discovered or co-discovered thirteen comets. Among these were the periodic comets 18D/Perrine-Mrkos, 45P/Honda-Mrkos-Pajdu?áková, 124P/Mrkos and 143P/Kowal-Mrkos. He also discovered the bright non-periodic comet C/1957 P1 (or, in the nomenclature of the time, comet 1957d). He discovered a number of asteroids (273 in total), including the Amor asteroid 5797 Bivoj and Trojan asteroid 3451 Mentor.

Mrkos named asteroids 6758 Jesseowens in honour of Jesse Owens and 2747 ?eský Krumlov after the historic town of the same name. Another main-belt asteroid, 3357 Tolstikov, was named in honour of Yevgeny Tolstikov with whom he had explored the Antarctic in his youth. Fellow astronomer Lyudmila Chernykh named 1832 Mrkos in his honour, while Mrkos gratified her and her husband Nikolai with 2325 Chernykh.

List of discovered minor planets

2199 Kle? 6 June 1978 list
2304 Slavia 18 May 1979 list
2325 Chernykh 25 September 1979 list
2367 Praha 8 January 1981 list
2403 ?umava 25 September 1979 list
2404 Antarctica 1 October 1980 list
2552 Remek 24 September 1978 list
2559 Svoboda 23 October 1981 list
2747 ?eský Krumlov 19 February 1980 list
2811 St?emchoví 10 May 1980 list
2889 Brno 17 November 1981 list
2936 Nechvíle 17 September 1979 list
2971 Mohr 30 December 1980 list
3003 Kon?ek 28 December 1983 list
3017 Petrovi? 25 October 1981 list
3130 Hillary 20 December 1981 list
3137 Horky 16 September 1982 list
3141 Buchar 2 September 1984 list
3168 Lomnický ?tít 1 December 1980 list
3257 Hanzlík 15 April 1982 list
3276 Porta Coeli 15 September 1982 list
3278 B?hounek 27 January 1984 list
3313 Mendel 19 February 1980 list
3324 Avsyuk 4 February 1983 list
3326 Agafonikov 20 March 1985 list
3334 Somov 20 December 1981 list
3339 Treshnikov 6 June 1978 list
3357 Tolstikov 21 March 1984 list
3364 Zdenka 5 April 1984 list
3395 Jitka 20 October 1985 list
3451 Mentor 19 April 1984 list
3490 ?olc 20 September 1984 list
3550 Link 20 December 1981 list
3571 Milan?tefánik 15 March 1982 list
3629 Lebedinskij 21 November 1982 list
3630 Lubomír 28 August 1984 list
3636 Pajdu?áková 17 October 1982 list
3645 Fabini 28 August 1981 list
3665 Fitzgerald 19 March 1979 list
3701 Purkyn? 20 February 1985 list
3715 ?tohl 19 February 1980 list
3716 Petzval 2 October 1980 list
3727 Maxhell 7 August 1981 list
3781 Dufek 2 September 1986 list
3791 Marci 17 November 1981 list
3827 Zden?khorský 3 November 1986 list
3847 ?indel 16 February 1982 list
3887 Gerstner 22 August 1985 list
3905 Doppler 28 August 1984 list
3949 Mach 20 October 1985 list
3979 Brorsen 8 November 1983 list
3980 Hviezdoslav 4 December 1983 list
3981 Stodola 26 January 1984 list
3983 Sakiko 20 September 1984 list
3993 ?orm 4 November 1988 list
4018 Bratislava 30 December 1980 list
4054 Turnov 5 October 1983 list
4090 ?í?ehv?zd 2 September 1986 list
4176 Sudek 24 February 1987 list
4238 Audrey 13 April 1980 list
4249 K?em?e 29 September 1984 list
4277 Holubov 15 January 1982 list
4287 T?ísov 7 September 1989 list
4339 Almamater 20 October 1985 list
4405 Otava 21 August 1987 list
4408 Zlatá Koruna 4 October 1988 list
4552 Nabelek 11 May 1980 list
4554 Fanynka 28 October 1986 list
4610 Kájov 26 March 1989 list
4662 Runk 19 April 1984 list
4663 Falta 27 September 1984 list
4671 Drtikol 10 January 1988 list
4691 Toyen 7 October 1983 list
4698 Jizera 4 September 1986 list
4702 Berounka 23 April 1987 list
4801 Oh?e 22 October 1989 list
4823 Libenice 4 October 1986 list
4824 Stradonice 25 November 1986 list
5026 Martes 22 August 1987 list
5089 Nádherná 25 September 1979 list
5102 Benfranklin 2 September 1986 list
5103 Divi? 4 September 1986 list
5122 Mucha 3 January 1989 list
5202 Charleseliot 5 December 1983 list
5250 Jas 21 August 1984 list
5318 Dientzenhofer 21 April 1985 list
5363 Kupka 19 October 1979 list
5418 Joyce 29 August 1981 list
5425 Vojt?ch 20 September 1984 list
5552 Studni?ka 16 September 1982 list
5573 Hilarydownes 24 August 1981 list
5583 Braunerová 5 March 1989 list
5668 Foucault 22 March 1984 list
5712 Funke 25 September 1979 list
5719 K?i?ík 7 September 1983 list
5797 Bivoj 13 January 1980 list
5800 Pollock 16 October 1982 list
5801 Vasarely 26 January 1984 list
5803 Ötzi 21 July 1984 list
5804 Bambinidipraga 9 September 1985 list
5865 Qualytemocrina 31 August 1984 list
5891 Gehrig 22 September 1981 list
5894 Tel? 14 September 1982 list
5897 Novotná 29 September 1984 list
5910 Zátopek 29 November 1989 list
5946 Hrozný 28 October 1984 list
5958 Barrande 29 January 1989 list
5997 Dirac 1 October 1983 list
5998 Sitenský 2 September 1986 list
6060 Doudleby 19 February 1980 list
6064 Hola?ovice 23 April 1987 list
6149 Pel?ák 25 September 1979 list
6175 Cori 4 December 1983 list
6221 Ducentesima 13 April 1980 list
6223 Dahl 3 September 1980 list
6231 Hundertwasser 20 March 1985 list
6266 Letzel 4 October 1986 list
6281 Strnad 16 September 1980 list
6377 Cagney 25 June 1987 list
6379 Vrba 15 November 1987 list
6385 Martindavid 5 March 1989 list
6433 Enya 18 November 1978 list
6440 Ransome 8 September 1988 list
6441 Milenajesenská 9 September 1988 list
6469 Armstrong 14 August 1982 list
6470 Aldrin 14 September 1982 list
6471 Collins 4 March 1983 list
6481 Tenzing 9 September 1988 list
6508 Rol?ík 22 August 1982 list
6516 Gruss 3 October 1988 list
6540 Stepling 16 September 1982 list
6542 Jacquescousteau 15 February 1985 list
6546 Kaye 24 February 1987 list
6550 Parlé? 4 November 1988 list
6556 Arcimboldo 29 December 1989 list
6581 Sobers 22 September 1981 list
6583 Destinn 21 February 1984 list
6586 Seydler 28 October 1984 list
6594 Tasman 25 June 1987 list
6596 Bittner 15 November 1987 list
6597 Kreil 9 January 1988 list
6600 Qwerty 17 August 1988 list
6701 Warhol 14 January 1988 list
6712 Hornstein 23 February 1990 list
6758 Jesseowens 13 April 1980 list
6768 Mathiasbraun 7 September 1983 list
6769 Brokoff 15 February 1985 list
6774 Vladheinrich 4 November 1988 list
6779 Perrine 20 February 1990 list
6817 Pest 20 January 1982 list
6824 Mallory 8 September 1988 list
6825 Irvine 4 October 1988 list
6897 Tabei 15 November 1987 list
5 September 1986 list
7107 Peiser 15 August 1980 list
7114 Weinek 29 November 1986 list
7115 Franciscuszeno 29 November 1986 list
7118 Kuklov 4 November 1988 list
7171 Arthurkraus 13 January 1988 list
7226 Kryl 21 August 1984 list
7232 Nabokov 20 October 1985 list
7328 Casanova 20 September 1984 list
7332 Ponrepo 4 December 1986 list
7334 Sciurus 17 August 1988 list
7391 Strouhal 8 November 1983 list
7398 Walsh 3 November 1986 list
7403 Choustník 14 January 1988 list
7464 Vipera 15 November 1987 list
7635 Carolinesmith 6 November 1983 list
7644 Cslewis 4 November 1988 list
7645 Pons 4 January 1989 list
7694 Krasetín 29 September 1983 list
7695 P?emysl 27 November 1984 list
7699 Bo?ek 2 February 1989 list
7701 Zrzavý 14 October 1990 list
7742 Altamira 20 October 1985 list
7820 Ianlyon 14 October 1990 list
7859 Lhasa 19 October 1979 list
14 March 1982 list
7867 Burian 20 September 1984 list
7927 Jamiegilmour 29 November 1986 list
7993 Johnbridges 16 October 1982 list
8001 Ramsden 4 October 1986 list
4 December 1986 list
8022 Scottcrossfield 10 November 1990 list
8143 Nezval 11 November 1982 list
8152 Martinlee 3 November 1986 list
25 November 1986 list
8249 Gershwin 13 April 1980 list
15 September 1982 list
4 October 1986 list
7 November 1982 list
8336 ?afa?ík 27 September 1984 list
8343 Tugendhat 4 October 1986 list
29 April 1987 list
3 November 1986 list
5 October 1989 list
9007 James Bond 5 October 1983 list
9008 Boh?ternberk 27 January 1984 list
9011 Angelou 20 September 1984 list
9027 Graps 4 November 1988 list
9028 Konrádbene? 26 January 1989 list
29 November 1989 list
16 October 1982 list
20 October 1982 list
9551 Kazi 20 October 1985 list
24 October 1985 list
29 January 1989 list
7 September 1981 list
9931 Herbhauptman 18 April 1985 list
3 September 1980 list
26 January 1984 list
20 October 1985 list
14 January 1988 list
22 September 1981 list
11019 Hansrott 25 April 1984 list
11020 Orwell 31 July 1984 list
2 September 1986 list
25 October 1989 list
29 September 1984 list
4 November 1988 list
16 October 1982 list
11830 Jessenius 2 May 1984 list
3 November 1986 list
29 January 1989 list
22 October 1989 list
28 October 1984 list
15 November 1987 list
25 September 1979 list
8 September 1988 list
22 October 1989 list
24 March 1982 list
26 November 1987 list
7 September 1989 list
4 October 1986 list
17407 Teige 14 October 1987 list
14 August 1979 list
29 September 1984 list
20 October 1985 list
4 October 1986 list
19129 Loos 10 January 1988 list
6 October 1991 list
20964 Mons Naklethi 16 October 1977 list
20969 Samo 17 September 1979 list
22260 Ur 19 October 1979 list
7 September 1981 list
30 September 1986 list
11 October 1988 list
16 September 1990 list
23437 ?íma 27 September 1984 list
26 February 1979 list
12 April 1988 list
24662 Gryll 14 April 1988 list
24695 ?tyrský 16 September 1990 list
14 September 1982 list
27 September 1984 list
29 September 1984 list
27 September 1984 list
2 September 1986 list
3 November 1986 list
14 October 1990 list
20 October 1985 list
4 October 1986 list
4 December 1986 list
4 November 1988 list
25 November 1986 list
22 September 1981 list
14 January 1988 list
14 October 1990 list
7 November 1986 list
3 October 1988 list
7 September 1989 list
25 January 1989 list
217628 Lugh 17 April 1990 list

See also

References

  1. ^ "Minor Planet Discoverers (by number)". Minor Planet Center. 11 July 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  2. ^ a b "První ?eský v?dec na Antarktid?: Výzkum v nejdrsn?j?ích podmínkách na Zemi" by Hynek Adámek, National Geographic Czech, 18 May 2012 (in Czech) Archived 20 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine

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