Get Antiemetic essential facts below. View Videos or join the Antiemetic discussion. Add Antiemetic to your topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.

An antiemetic is a drug that is effective against vomiting and nausea. Antiemetics are typically used to treat motion sickness and the side effects of opioid analgesics, general anaesthetics, and chemotherapy directed against cancer. They may be used for severe cases of gastroenteritis, especially if the patient is dehydrated.

Some antiemetics previously thought to cause birth defects appear safe for use by pregnant women in the treatment of morning sickness and the more serious hyperemesis gravidarum.[1][2]


See also


  1. ^ Quinlan, Jeffrey D.; Hill, D. Ashley (1 June 2003). "Nausea and Vomiting in Pregnancy - American Family Physician". American Family Physician. 68 (1): 121-128. Retrieved .
  2. ^ Schaefer, Christof; Scialli, Anthony; Rost van Tonningen, Margreet (2001). "Antiemetics and hyperemesis gravidarum". Drugs During Pregnancy and Lactation: Handbook of Prescription Drugs and Comparative Risk Assessment. Gulf Professional Publishing. ISBN 978-0-444-50763-1.
  3. ^ a b c[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Pae C-U (2006). "Low-dose mirtazapine may be successful treatment option for severe nausea and vomiting". Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry. 30 (6): 1143-5. doi:10.1016/j.pnpbp.2006.03.015. PMID 16632163.
  5. ^ Kast RE, Foley KF (July 2007). "Cancer chemotherapy and cachexia: mirtazapine and olanzapine are 5-HT3 antagonists with good antinausea effects". European Journal of Cancer Care. 16 (4): 351-4. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2354.2006.00760.x. PMID 17587360.
  6. ^ National Institute of Mental Health. PDSD Ki Database (Internet) [cited 2013 Sep 27]. Chapel Hill (NC): University of North Carolina. 1998-2013. Available from: "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-11-08. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ Vincent, Beverly J.; McQuiston, Debra J.; Einhorn, Lawrence H.; Nagy, Catherine M.; Brames, Mary J. (1983-05-01). "Review of Cannabinoids and their Antiemetic Effectiveness". Drugs. 25 (1): 52-62. doi:10.2165/00003495-198300251-00006. ISSN 1179-1950. PMID 6301800.
  8. ^ "Drug Scheduling". Retrieved .
  9. ^ "2017 - Final Rule: Placement of FDA-Approved Products of Oral Solutions Containing Dronabinol [(-)-delta-9-trans-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta-9-THC)] in Schedule II". Retrieved .
  10. ^ Honarmand, Azim; Safavi, Mohammadreza; Chegeni, Mansoureh; Hirmanpour, Anahita; Nazem, Masoud; Sarizdi, Seyyad Hamid (January 2016). "Prophylactic antiemetic effects of Midazolam, Ondansetron, and their combination after middle ear surgery". Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice. 5 (1): 16-21. doi:10.4103/2279-042X.176556. ISSN 2319-9644. PMC 4776542. PMID 26985431.
  11. ^ Grunberg, S. M. (1 February 2007). "Antiemetic activity of corticosteroids in patients receiving cancer chemotherapy: dosing, efficacy, and tolerability analysis". Annals of Oncology. 18 (2): 233-240. doi:10.1093/annonc/mdl347. ISSN 0923-7534. PMID 17108149.
  12. ^ Abdel-Aziz H, Windeck T, Ploch M, Verspohl EJ (2006-01-13), "Mode of action of gingerols and shogaols on 5-HT3 receptors: binding studies, cation uptake by the receptor channel and contraction of isolated guinea-pig ileum", Eur J Pharmacol, 530 (1-2): 136-43, doi:10.1016/j.ejphar.2005.10.049, PMID 16364290
  13. ^ Huang, Q.; Iwamoto, Y.; Aoki, S.; Tanaka, N.; Tajima, K.; Yamahara, J.; Takaishi, Y.; Yoshida, M.; Tomimatsu, T.; Tamai, Y. (1991). "Anti-5-hydroxytryptamine3 effect of galanolactone, diterpenoid isolated from ginger". Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin. 39 (2): 397-399. doi:10.1248/cpb.39.397. PMID 2054863.
  14. ^ Marx, WM; Teleni L; McCarthy AL; Vitetta L; McKavanagh D; Thomson D; Isenring E. (2013). "Ginger (Zingiber officinale) and chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting: a systematic literature review" (PDF). Nutr Rev. 71 (4): 245-54. doi:10.1111/nure.12016. PMID 23550785.
  15. ^ Ernst, E.; Pittler, M.H. (1 March 2000). "Efficacy of ginger for nausea and vomiting: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials" (PDF). British Journal of Anaesthesia. 84 (3): 367-371. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.bja.a013442. PMID 10793599. Retrieved 2006.
  16. ^ O'Connor, Anahad (August 21, 2007). "The Claim: Eating Ginger Can Cure Motion Sickness". The New York Times.
  17. ^ hoe 2#section1 Muscimol. Chemical Data Sheet[permanent dead link], Database of Hazardous Materials, CAMEO chemicals

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes