Antichrist Superstar
Get Antichrist Superstar essential facts below. View Videos or join the Antichrist Superstar discussion. Add Antichrist Superstar to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Antichrist Superstar

Antichrist Superstar
Marilyn Manson - Antichrist Superstar.png
Studio album by
ReleasedOctober 8, 1996 (1996-10-08)
RecordedFebruary-August 1996
StudioNothing Studios, New Orleans
GenreIndustrial metal
Length77:26
Label
Producer
Marilyn Manson chronology
Smells Like Children
(1995)
Antichrist Superstar
(1996)
Remix & Repent
(1997)
Singles from Antichrist Superstar
  1. "The Beautiful People"
    Released: September 22, 1996
  2. "Tourniquet"
    Released: September 8, 1997
Alternate cover
Antichrist Superstar Alternate Cover.jpg

Antichrist Superstar is the second studio album by American rock band Marilyn Manson, released on October 8, 1996 by Nothing and Interscope Records. It was recorded at Nothing Studios in New Orleans and produced by the band's eponymous vocalist along with Sean Beavan, former Skinny Puppy producer Dave Ogilvie and Trent Reznor of Nine Inch Nails. The recording of the album was marred by excessive drug use, which provoked a high level of antagonism between band members. Consequently, it was their last release to feature contributions from founding guitarist Daisy Berkowitz, who acrimoniously quit partway through recording.

A rock opera and a concept album, Antichrist Superstar was the first installment in a trilogy which included succeeding releases Mechanical Animals (1998) and Holy Wood (In the Shadow of the Valley of Death) (2000). The central storyline on the album revolved around a supernatural being who seizes all power from humanity in order to initiate an apocalyptic end event; a populist demagogue who is driven solely by resentment, misanthropy and despair, he uses his newfound position to destroy the world. The record can be seen as a social critique, utilizing this premise as a metaphor for the perceived fascist elements of conservatism in the United States.

Preceded by "The Beautiful People", whose music video received three nominations at the 1997 MTV Video Music Awards, the album was both a critical and commercial success. Lorraine Ali of Rolling Stone credited Antichrist Superstar with bringing to an end the dominance of grunge within popular music. In the years since its release, various publications have listed it among the best albums of the 1990s. The album debuted at number three on the Billboard 200, and has sold almost 2 million copies in the United States alone. As of 2011, worldwide album sales have surpassed over 7 million copies.

The album was supported by the controversial "Dead to the World Tour", which was heavily criticized by elements of the Christian right. Nearly every North American venue the band visited was picketed by religious organizations, predominantly because of unfounded, exaggerated claims of onstage drug use, bestiality, and Satanic rituals, including animal and even human sacrifice. The band also found itself the target of congressional hearings, which attempted to implicate the group in a fan's suicide. Several previously unreleased recordings were issued on soundtracks throughout 1997, including "Apple of Sodom" and "Long Hard Road Out of Hell".

Background and development

Marilyn Manson was formed in 1989 by the vocalist and guitarist Daisy Berkowitz.[1] For the next seven years, the name of every band member was created by combining the stage name of a female pop culture icon with the surname of a male serial killer.[2] Their highly visualized concerts quickly earned them a loyal fanbase in the South Florida punk and hardcore music scene. Within six months of forming, they were performing sold-out concerts in 300-capacity nightclubs throughout Florida.[3] Eventually, the band gained the attention of Nine Inch Nails vocalist Trent Reznor, who signed them to his Nothing Records vanity label; Reznor produced their 1994 debut album, Portrait of an American Family.[4] This was followed by the 1995 EP Smells Like Children, which contained their first hit, a cover of the Eurythmics' "Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This)".[5]

Recording and production

Antichrist Superstar was a really gruesome transformation physically, mentally and musically. It was conceived and written while I was enduring a lot of physical pain. I was unable to feel anything emotionally.

—Marilyn Manson on the album's arduous recording process.[6]

Antichrist Superstar was recorded over an eight-month period at Nothing Studios in New Orleans by an extensive group of musicians. Along with the remaining members of Marilyn Manson—Twiggy Ramirez, Madonna Wayne Gacy, and Ginger FishNine Inch Nails guitarists Robin Finck and Danny Lohner and drummer Chris Vrenna also participated.[7] The record was initially produced by the vocalist alongside Trent Reznor and former Skinny Puppy producer Dave Ogilvie.[8] The process of creating the album was long and difficult, highlighted by experiments involving near-constant drug use and sleep deprivation in an effort to create a violent and hostile environment suited to the album's content.[9] Manson has admitted to heavily experimenting with prescription painkillers—including forms of morphine sulphate and hydrocodone—during recording; he also claimed he regularly inserted sewing needles underneath his fingernails to test his pain threshold.[10]

Initial sessions were unproductive, and routinely culminated in the destruction of the studio, as well as the group's own equipment and instruments.[11] There was also a high level of antagonism between band members, with most of this directed toward founding guitarist Daisy Berkowitz.[9] He later claimed to have been "shut out" of recording sessions, and alleged that much of his equipment was destroyed, such as the four-track recorder which had been used to produce many of the band's early demos, along with his drum machine.[3] The latter was subsequently revealed to have been thrown from a second-story window.[10] This animosity resulted in Ramirez performing the majority of guitar work on the record.[9]

Berkowitz's replacement Zim Zum during the album's promotional campaign.

Berkowitz was highly critical of Trent Reznor, whom he said purposely destroyed a Fender Jaguar given as a gift to Berkowitz from his then-recently deceased father, explaining: "I was in the studio, and they were all in the control room, and I'm playing guitar. At the end, Trent says, 'Do it again, but do it more like this.' We went through this three times, and he says, 'Hold on. I'll come in there. Let me show you what I'm talking about.' So I take my guitar off, hand it to him—and he smashes it, just to fuck with me. Then he laughed and left the room."[3] Berkowitz acrimoniously exited the group sometime after this incident.[11] Reznor's relationship with the rest of the band—the vocalist particularly—also began to deteriorate during production, primarily as a result of creative differences.[N 1] Manson and Reznor have not recorded material together since the release of Antichrist Superstar.[13]

Ogilvie was eventually blamed for the band's dysfunction, and was fired as co-producer.[14] He was replaced by frequent Nine Inch Nails mixer Sean Beavan.[15] Manson and Beavan then spent several weeks reworking and remixing the majority of the album in Nothing Records' auxiliary recording facility; Reznor had started production on the soundtrack to David Lynch's Lost Highway in the primary studio, and was often absent from these later sessions.[15] Manson went on to praise Beavan's influence on both the album and band as a whole, describing him as being "like a magnet, drawing the band back in the studio and back together."[15] The pair are the sole credited producers of three songs on the record: "Dried Up, Tied and Dead to the World", "Kinderfeld" and "Minute of Decay".[16] Berkowitz's replacement on lead guitar joined the band shortly after the album was completed.[17] Timothy Linton adopted Zim Zum as his stage name, ending the seven-year tradition of naming members after female icons and male serial killers; his name was derived from the Lurianic Kabbalah concept of tzimtzum.[18]

Concept and themes

[Antichrist Superstar is] about me growing up and wanting to become something that people would adore, instead I grew up and became something that people hated.

—Marilyn Manson[2]

Antichrist Superstar is a rock opera concept album, and its title is based on the 1971 Andrew Lloyd Webber musical Jesus Christ Superstar.[19] The central storyline of the album revolves around a supernatural being--a demagogic rockstar--who seizes all political power from humanity in order to initiate an apocalyptic end event.[7][20] This underlying concept was both inspired by and a tribute to the work of German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche,[7] specifically his philosophical concept of an Übermensch.[21] It was also influenced by "the idea of putting yourself through a transformation to become something superhuman", which Manson said he garnered from Nietzsche's The Antichrist.[22] The album is a social critique which utilizes this premise as a metaphor for the perceived fascist elements of the Conservative political movement and the Christian right in North America.[23] Manson also cited David Bowie's "We Are the Dead" (1974) as a major influence on the album lyrically, saying: "I remember hearing [that] song in the Nineties, when I first moved to L.A. It wouldn't have had the same impact on me if I'd heard it when I was a kid in Ohio--it felt like it was about the culture of Hollywood, the disgusting cannibalism."[24]

Composition and style

Major influences on Antichrist Superstar
A photograph of German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, taken circa 1869
The album is a tribute to the philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche.
A photograph of David Bowie performing at the ABC music program In Concert, in October 1974.
David Bowie's showmanship heavily inspired Manson, a lifelong fan.

Antichrist Superstar is primarily an industrial metal record,[25][26] and contains material which has been described as industrial rock and death metal,[27] as well as progressive metal, new wave and gothic rock.[28] The record is separated into three sections: "The Heirophant", "Inauguration of the Worm", and "Disintegrator Rising". In the final section, the central character transforms into the Antichrist Superstar: an populist demagogue whose motivations transcend any conceivable sense of morality.[21]Nihilistic and disgusted by humankind, it initiates a genocidal extermination of the human race, eventually destroying the entire planet.[29] The album is also cyclical, with both its opening and closing seconds consisting of the distorted phrase "When you are suffering, know that I have betrayed you".[30]

Ramirez composed much of the music on the record, and regularly asked for input from Reznor, whom he said was "the only other string musician" in the studio on a regular basis, elaborating: "Writing the songs was nothing, but going in and recording them we made some changes. It was nice to have [Trent] there, like another member of the band to help me have another outlook at some of the stuff, because Daisy had ran out of ideas and just did not contribute whatsoever."[17] Reznor is credited with co-composing the music of three songs on the album.[16] After the release of Holy Wood (In the Shadow of the Valley of Death) in 2000, Manson revealed that Antichrist Superstar formed a conceptual trilogy alongside both the aforementioned album and 1998's Mechanical Animals. He explained that the trilogy was an autobiographical story told in a reverse timeline (chronologically reverse from their release dates), with the storyline beginning on Holy Wood, followed by Mechanical Animals, and Antichrist Superstar acting as its conclusion.[7] Furthermore, although Antichrist Superstar and Mechanical Animals made sense as individual concept albums, there was an overarching story running through each release.[31]

Cycle II: Inauguration Of The Worm

"Cryptorchid" is the shortest track on the album and the shortest song in the band's overall discography.[25] As a result, the song has often been misconstrued as either an interlude or filler.[25] The title is both a compound of the words "crypt" and "orchid" and a direct reference to the medical condition of cryptorchidism.[25]Stereogum called the song a "uniquely beautiful track" and identified its roots in the avant-garde and ambient genus of Industrial music comparing it favorably to the music of Coil, "albeit an unusually rock-centric one."[25] The song is divided into two sections. In the first half, Manson's vocals are rendered deadpan using several layers of microphone filters while it is altered in the second with a vocoder to augment a mellotron played over a pulsing sinus rhythm.[25] On close listening, the phrase "I wish I had balls" is whipered repeatedly in the middle to bridge both sections.[25] Crowning it the band's 6th best song in their top 10 list, Stereogum mused of "an alternative history" where the band explored the song's experimental direction further throughout the record.[25]

Cycle III: Disintegrator Rising

The title song ends with Apple Inc.'s 1990's synthetic speech program PlainTalk (also known as MacinTalk) voices repeating, "When you are suffering, know that I have betrayed you". MacinTalk voices are used again in the music video.[32] During live performances of the song, the MacinTalk voices repeat "You might as well kill yourself -- you're already dead" at the end of the song.

The song "1996" was the subject of legal action brought against the band by former bassist Gidget Gein, over alleged similarities to a demo titled "She's Not My Girlfriend". The latter had first been recorded in 1990, four years before Ramirez had joined the group.[33]

Release and artwork

One of my proudest moments was seeing a picture on the cover of The Wall Street Journal of Senators Orrin Hatch and Joe Lieberman holding the album package up in front of the Senate. They were pointing out the harm that the music industry was doing to all of the sweet, innocent children of America.

—P. R. Brown, the designer of the album artwork.[34]

Antichrist Superstar features elaborate artwork.[30] Images in the booklet consist of various medical diagrams from Henry Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body, Kabbalah symbols, and a visual worm-to-angel metamorphosis,[30] references to verses one through five of Revelation 12, as well as liner notes—a note found under the lyrics of "Irresponsible Hate Anthem" claim the song was recorded live on February 14, 1997, despite the album being released in October 1996.[35][36]

Artwork for the album was designed by P. R. Brown. It was the first of several albums the packaging designer designed for the band. In an interview with Revolver, Brown recounted that his working relationship with the band started on the recommendation a friend in 1996 while he was working as the creative director of a design studio in New York City. The band was recording the album at Nothing Studios at the time and were actively looking for a cover art designer.[34] By Brown's own admission, the extent of his experience designing album covers up to that point had been limited to jazz records. After researching into who Manson was, he realized it was "pointless" to send the band any of his prior work. Brown decided to spend a weekend "creating fictitious album covers for made-up bands" and sent those to New Orleans. After several months of hearing nothing back, Brown was invited to Nothing Studios to meet with Manson.

During their meeting, Manson asked Brown to watch E. Elias Merhige's 1990 experimental art film Begotten. According to Brown, Manson already had a strong idea of what he wanted the album cover to look like, drawing inspiration from the bleak cinematography of this "grainy, scratched nightmare of a film."[34] After a listening session of the unfinished record and an explanation of the album's concept and three cycle structure, both agreed that the record needed two covers to portray the "evolution from a worm into the antichrist."[34] Brown utilized Dean Karr's photographs of the band and mixed media for the packaging. He recalled "drawing some things and scanning in several layers of dirt" during the design process.[34] The paperboard O-card slipcase depict Manson as "the worm" in the front with yellowed, scabrous wings and black superficial veins. A medical diagram of a rib cage can also be seen on the top left corner. On the back, Manson is shown as the Antichrist Superstar in suit and tie, along with the stylized high voltage symbol used by the band as the album's logo.[34][37] The roman numerals IX, VI, III and VII round out the rear of the slipcase.[34]

The words "Heart, Mind, Complacent, and Malice" are also featured on the front of the O-card and throughout the booklet. They were originally from one of the fictitious album covers Brown made. Brown explained that he conceived of them after he "picked opposing ideals and turned them into a symbolic compass of sorts: Heart is the opposite of mind, and complacency is the opposite of malice. Strangely enough, all of those things fit into the concept of the album. The exact graphic I used for the fake albums was used for the final package." Brown suspected it was the reason he was hired.[34] The back of the tray insert depicts Manson standing between Ramirez and Gacy while the latter two wear oxygen masks connected to his codpiece. Senator Joseph Lieberman found the image particularly offensive. Mistaking the standing figure for a naked woman Lieberman denounced, "These records and their corporate sponsors are telling our children it's the season of senseless violence, hopelessness and the most awful ill will toward each other, particularly women."[38]

Promotion and singles

"The Beautiful People" was released as the lead single, and both the song and its accompanying music video were critical and commercial successes. The track was a hit on alternative rock charts in the United States, reaching number 26 on Billboards Modern Rock Tracks,[39] and number 29 on Mainstream Rock.[40] It was successful internationally as well, peaking within the top fifty in both Australia and New Zealand,[41][42] and was their first top twenty hit on the UK Singles Chart.[43]Floria Sigismondi directed the song's music video,[44] which was included at number fifty-four on MTV's list of the "100 Greatest Music Videos Ever Made",[45] and at number 100 on MuchMusic's "100 Greatest Videos Ever".[46] The video was nominated for Best Rock Video, Best Special Effects and Best Art Direction at the 1997 MTV Video Music Awards,[47] where the band performed the song live. This performance was controversial,[48][49] and has been listed as one of the most iconic in the shows' history.[50] It was later credited with helping to establish the band in mainstream culture.[51]VH1 included the song at number eighty-six on their list of the "100 Greatest Hard Rock Songs".[52] By the end of 1997, Manson appeared on the cover of Rolling Stone, who awarded the band their "Best New Artist" accolade.[19]

"Antichrist Superstar" was released as a promotional single in 1996.[7] Music videos for both that song and "Cryptorchid" were created by E. Elias Merhige. The video for "Cryptorchid" heavily incorporated imagery from Merhige's film Begotten, while the video for "Antichrist Superstar" remained unreleased until 2010, when it was leaked on YouTube.[44][53] The latter had been screened at the 1997 San Francisco International Film Festival, where it won a Golden Gate Certificate of Merit Award.[54] However, its release was blocked by Interscope Records, whom Manson described as being "appalled by it."[55] It combined performance footage and fascist iconography—namely the Nuremberg rallies—with footage of US nuclear weapons testing, and images of a Ku Klux Klan lynching.[44]

Numerous outtakes and previously unreleased recordings were issued on movie soundtracks throughout 1997. "Apple of Sodom" appeared on the Reznor-produced soundtrack to David Lynch's Lost Highway in February.[56] A music video for the song was created in 1996, and also remained unreleased until its director, Joseph Cultice, uploaded it to YouTube in 2009.[57][58] "The Suck for Your Solution" appeared on the soundtrack to the Howard Stern biopic Private Parts, which was also released in February.[59] "Long Hard Road Out of Hell", featuring backing vocals from Sneaker Pimps vocalist Kelli Ali,[60][61] was released on the soundtrack to Spawn in August.[62] The following month, "Tourniquet" was issued as the album's second commercial single, and peaked at number 28 on the UK Singles Chart.[43] Its music video was also directed by Sigismondi.[63]W.I.Z. directed the final music video created for Antichrist Superstar: "Man That You Fear",[44] whose concept was adapted from the plot of Shirley Jackson's 1948 short story "The Lottery", and contained aesthetic and symbolic references to the 1989 Alejandro Jodorowsky film Santa Sangre.[53]

Tour

The album was promoted by the highly controversial year long "Dead to the World Tour." The tour was preceded by a performance on the second evening of Nights of Nothing, the final leg of Nine Inch Nails' "Self Destruct Tour," on September 5, 1996 at the Irving Plaza.[64] The band's set ended early after Manson sent his drummer to the hospital by hurling a weighted mic stand at the drumkit.[65][66] The evening was documented on a special episode of the MTV series 120 Minutes titled "120 Minutes of Nothing".[67] The tour commenced a month later, on October 3, 1996 at the State Theatre in Kalamazoo, Michigan and consisted of 175 concerts staged in several continents.[64][68] The band's now-trademark theatricality was a cornerstone of the shows.[69] By the frontman's own estimation, however, it was less extravagant than prior or succeeding outings.[70][71] Manson still enraged conservatives and the Christian Right with near-nightly concerts wherein he wiped his ass with the flag of the United States, tore Bibles apart, and performed self-mutilation.[2][72]

The tour mounted several set pieces. Depending on venue size, the backdrop consisted of a stained glass tableau that depicted Jesus flanked by figures impaled on spears or, alternatively, Saint Michael the Archangel slaying the dragon during the War in Heaven from the 9th verse of the twelfth chapter of the Book of Revelations.[20][69] For smaller venues, the band used a crumbling mullioned and traceried Gothic cathedral window.[20] The stage design also included a pipe organ and a set of stairs from which Manson descended to start the opening piece. Manson's costume changes were limited between his signature elastic back brace matched to a jockstrap over a g-string, a pair of thigh-high fishnet hosiery attached to a garter belt and calf-high leather boots used for most of the show alternating to a black suit and tie over a red dress shirt for performances of the title song.[2]

During the title song, the stage design was converted into a mock Nuremberg Rally.[69][72] The backdrop was switched from the stained glass tableau to three oversized vertical banners unfurled from the rafters and emblazoned with the album's logo.[72] Manson performed atop a similarly emblazoned lectern mimicking the exaggerated gyrations of dictators and televangelists, suggesting a similarity between the two. The rest of the band performed wearing chromed stahlhelms.[73] In his autobiography The Long Hard Road Out of Hell, Manson described that portion of the show as simultaneous critiques on both the inherent fascism in Christianity and "right-wing morality" as well as the thin line between celebrity and demagoguery, "because rock and roll can be just as blind as Christianity."[74][75] A snow/ash-like confetti was used during performances of "Cake and Sodomy", "Cryptorchid" and "Apple of Sodom" while a microphone stand covered in orchids was used during the song "Man That You Fear."[20]

So-called morality has repressed the human spirit to such an extent that only hate remains. Rock 'n' roll can metamorphose its practitioners into the energetic embodiment of that hate, freeing them from the lie of a good society. Marilyn Manson, a lowly worm in this concept, enacts that process and becomes the Antichrist Superstar everyone secretly desires [to be]. He ain't pretty folks, but he's our just deserts.

Spin writer Ann Powers' interpretation of the album's underlying concept.[76]

The tour was plagued by constant bomb and death threats, and nearly every North American venue the band visited was picketed by religious and civic organizations.[77][78] Opponents of the band based their protests on a pair of affidavits circulated by the American Family Association and Empower America that made unfounded claims of onstage drug abuse, bestiality, and satanic rituals—namely animal and human sacrifice—and claims the band engaged in homosexual intercourse with each other in concert, and that underage concertgoers were violently raped by other audience members.[78][79][80] In this context, Utah passed legislation which allowed state-operated venues to ban the group from performing.[81] Similarly, the April 10, 1997 concert at the state-owned Carolina Coliseum in Columbia was cancelled after the South Carolina House of Representatives voted to ban Marilyn Manson from ever performing on state-owned property.[82]

During this time, schools in Florida threatened to expel students for attending the band's concerts,[83] and over 5,500 residents contacted the mayor of Jacksonville, demanding the cancellation of their April 17, 1997 concert at the Jacksonville Memorial Coliseum.[80] The city council of Richmond, Virginia also ordered the cancellation of their May 10, 1997 concert at the Richmond Coliseum.[82][84] The July 22, 1997 concert at La Luna in Portland, Oregon was cancelled when the venue was unable to obtain insurance for the event.[85] Their concert at Calgary's Max Bell Arena three days later was cancelled by the owner of the venue who cited the band's reputation as justification for doing so.[86] The New Jersey date of Ozzfest at Giants Stadium was cancelled by the New Jersey Sports and Exposition Authority, who cited Marilyn Manson's scheduled appearance as its reason.[87] This prompted a lawsuit from Ozzy Osbourne.[84]

During the vocalist's appearance on ABC network's late-night political talk show Politically Incorrect, host Bill Maher took the opportunity to discuss the controversy surrounding the tour.[88] Maher noted the distinction between the rumors and the reality of what the band's concerts consisted of.[88] However, he observed that what Manson actually did on stage—specifically his repeated flag desecration and destruction of the Bible—were still genuinely offensive.[89][90] Manson replied:

Absolutely. They're designed to make people think. But the point with the Bible or flag is to say, "It's only as valid as you make it in your heart." A piece of paper or a piece of cloth doesn't mean anything. It's what you believe. And I want people to think about what they believe. I want them to consider if everything they've been taught, if that's what they want to believe or if that's what they've been told that they have to believe.[88]

The tour was documented in several formats. The band's second EP, Remix & Repent, released on November 25, 1997, contained live versions of "Dried Up, Tied and Dead to the World" and "Antichrist Superstar" and an acoustic version of "Man That You Fear" taken during the tour.[91] A VHS concert film entitled Dead to the World was released in February 10, 1998,[92] and debuted at number one on Billboards Top Music Videos, eventually spending a year on the chart.[93] The album was reissued on cassette exclusively in Europe as part of Record Store Day 2016.[94]

Critical reception

The album was released to acclaim from music critics, who praised its concept, production, and vocals. M. Tye Comer, in reviewing for CMJ New Music Monthly, described the record as a "magnificent ... aural skull-fuck", writing that Marilyn Manson "[took] in all the angst, hellfire and damnation one band [could] ingest, then [released] it in a fierce scatological display of apocalyptic sound and fury." He went on to commend the vocals, which he said could "communicate pain, passion, fear, hate and euphoria in one mighty, ear-piercing roar."[103]Greg Kot of the Chicago Tribune complimented the album's production,[96] as did Jim Farber of Entertainment Weekly, who also praised its "ambitious" concept.[99]

Writing for Entertainment Weekly, Ann Powers applauded the album's concept and the quality of the songwriting, saying: "Until now, Manson's ideas carried more weight than his music, but Antichrist Superstars sound matches the garish grandiosity of his arguments. Its 16 songs rock like '70s Sabbath-style metal, but harder; the arrangements echo Queen in operatic scope but are more intense; the mood owes its vampiric chill to Bauhaus, but [Marilyn Manson] actually bites the vein."[76]Stephen Thomas Erlewine of AllMusic wrote that the album is considered the band's definitive statement and rated it four out of five stars. However, he was critical of Reznor's production, saying: "Though the sonic details make [the album] an intriguing listen, it's not as extreme as it could have been--in particular, the guitars are surprisingly anemic, sounding like buzzing vacuums instead of unwieldy chainsaws."[28] Even less impressed, Robert Christgau dismissed the record as a "dud"[97] and later compared it to the music used by the United States military to psychologically harass Manuel Noriega during Operation Nifty Package.[104]

In Rolling Stone, Lorraine Ali credited both the album and the band's associated rise within mainstream culture as "[marking] the end of the reign of punk realism in rock & roll", calling the record "a volatile reaction to five years of earnest, post-Nirvana rock." She went on to hypothesize that: "Marilyn Manson offer total escapism as a true alternative, complete with carefully crafted gloom wear (no baggy shorts allowed), a frontman who blatantly begs to be in the spotlight and lyric imagery rivaling that of the best slasher movies."[27] Similarly, a 2016 article from The A.V. Club called the record influential, suggesting that its success prompted a shift in rock music which resulted in other rock bands "trading grunge's bruised-heart jadedness for seething, self-flagellating nihilism."[105]

Political reaction

"It's the season of senseless violence": Senator Orrin Hatch holding a copy of Antichrist Superstar
Republican Senator Orrin Hatch (left), holding a copy of Antichrist Superstar, and Democratic Senator Joseph Lieberman (right) in a bipartisan hearing on the effects of "violent music" on children during the 105th United States Congress.

The release of Antichrist Superstar coincided with the band's commercial breakthrough,[33] and much of the attention they received from mainstream media was not positive.[7] In December 1996, the co-directors of Empower America Republican Secretary of Education William Bennett and Democrat Senator Joseph Lieberman, organized a bipartisan press conference, along with Secretary of Pennsylvania State C. Delores Tucker, wherein they questioned MCA—the owner of Interscope—president Edgar Bronfman Jr.'s ability to head the label competently whilst profiting from "profanity-laced" albums by artists such as Tupac Shakur, Snoop Doggy Dogg and Marilyn Manson.[106][107] Tucker had previously called Smells Like Children the "dirtiest, nastiest porno record directed at children that has ever hit the market."[108]

In November 1997, the band found itself the target of congressional hearings, led by Senator Joseph Lieberman and Representative Sam Brownback, to determine the effects, if any, of violent lyrics on young listeners.[109] This hearing was held by the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, and was titled "Music Violence: How Does It Affect Our Children".[110] At this subcommittee, Lieberman once again criticized the band's music, calling it "vile, hateful, nihilistic and damaging", and repeated his request that Seagram--then-owner of MCA--"start ... disassociating itself from Marilyn Manson." Lieberman later called the band "perhaps the sickest group ever promoted by a mainstream record company."[83] The subcommittee also heard from Raymond Kuntz, of Burlington, North Dakota, who blamed his son's suicide on Antichrist Superstar--specifically the song "The Reflecting God".[111]

Accolades

Stylized version of the international high voltage safety symbol "Caution, risk of electric shock" (ISO 3864), used by the band as a logo for the album[37]

According to Acclaimed Music, Antichrist Superstar is the 19th most-renowned album of 1996 and the 206th most-renowned record of the 1990s.[112] The record has been listed in books including Robert Dimery's 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die,[113]1,000 Recordings to Hear Before You Die[114] and Albums: 50 Years of Great Recordings.[115] In 2008, Consequence of Sound identified Antichrist Superstar as a modern classic in their "Dusting 'Em Off" feature, due to its counter-cultural and social impact during the late '90s.[30]Rolling Stone included it among their "Essential Recordings of the '90s" in 1999,[116] and placed it at number 84 on their "100 Best Albums of the '90s" list, which was compiled in 2011.[117]Revolver included Antichrist Superstar at number 49 on their "69 Greatest Metal Albums of All Time".[118]

The album has been featured in multiple lists compiled by several British rock magazines. Kerrang! dubbed it the 3rd best album of 1996,[119] and placed it at number 14 on their list of "100 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die",[120] as well as at number 88 on its "100 Greatest Rock Albums".[121] In 2001, it featured on Qs list of the "50 Heaviest Albums Of All Time",[122] while NME placed it at number 92 on their 2009-compiled list of the "100 Greatest Heavy Metal Albums".[123] It also appeared at number 92 on Classic Rocks list of the "100 Greatest Rock Albums Ever",[124] and, in 2006, the magazine--as well as its sister publication, Metal Hammer--included it on their respective lists of "The 200 Greatest Albums of the '90s".[125]Record Collector included Antichrist Superstar in their extensive list "10 Classic Albums from 21 Genres for the 21st Century", in the metal category.[126]

Multiple international publications included it in their respective lists of the best albums of 1996, including the French edition of British magazine Rock Sound, who placed it at number 13,[127] Dutch magazine Muziekkrant OOR ranked it at number 109 on their "Best Albums of 1996",[128] while Alternative Nation included the album at number 8 on their list of the "Top Rock Albums of 1996".[129]Rock Sound also featured the record at number 11 on their "Top 150 Albums of Our Lifetime (1992-2006)".[130] German rock magazine Visions ranked the album at number 37 on their list of "The Most Important Records of the Nineties".[131] Furthermore, French magazine Rock & Folk listed Antichrist Superstar as being one of "The Best Albums from 1963 to 1999",[132] while retailer Fnac included it on their list of "The 1000 Best Albums of All Time".[133]

Publication Country Accolade Year Rank Ref.
Acclaimed Music United States Greatest Records of All Time 1996 1137 [112]
Alternative Nation Top Rock Albums of 1996 2016 8 [129]
Classic Rock United Kingdom 100 Greatest Rock Albums Ever 2001 92 [124]
The 200 Greatest Albums of the '90s 2006 [125]
Fnac France The 1000 Best Albums of All Time 2011 606 [133]
Kerrang! United Kingdom Albums of the Year 1996 3 [119]
100 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die 1998 14 [120]
The 100 Greatest Rock Albums 2006 88 [121]
Metal Hammer The 200 Greatest Albums of the '90s 2006 [125]
Muziekkrant OOR Netherlands Albums of the Year 1996 109 [128]
NME United Kingdom 100 Greatest Heavy Metal Albums 2009 92 [123]
Q 50 Heaviest Albums of All Time 2001 [122]
Record Collector 10 Classic Albums from 21 Genres for the 21st Century 2000 [126]
Revolver United States The 69 Greatest Metal Albums of All Time 2002 49 [118]
Rock & Folk France The Best Albums from 1963 to 1999 2000 [132]
Rock Sound Albums of the Year 1996 13 [127]
Top 150 Albums of Our Lifetime (1992-2006) 2006 11 [130]
Rolling Stone United States The Essential Recordings of the '90s 1999 [116]
100 Best Albums of the '90s 2011 84 [117]
Visions Germany The Most Important Albums of the '90s 2000 37 [131]

Commercial performance

Antichrist Superstar was an immediate commercial success in North America. It sold 132,000 copies in the United States on its first week to debut at number three on the Billboard 200.[134][135] The album was certified platinum by the RIAA on December 11, 1996,[136] and sold over 1.2 million copies within a year of its release.[137] As of November 2010, the record sold almost 2 million copies in the US alone, according to Nielsen SoundScan.[138] It peaked at number two on the national RPM albums chart in Canada,[139] where it has been certified double platinum by Music Canada (formerly the Canadian Recording Industry Association) for shipments in excess of 200,000 units.[140] In Mexico, the record was certified gold by AMPROFON, indicating shipments of over 100,000 copies.[141]

The album's international commercial success was initially modest, however, peaking at number thirteen on the Finnish Albums Chart,[142] but failing to make an impact on the album charts in both France and Germany--peaking at numbers 116 and 100, respectively.[143][144] Despite only peaking at number 73 on the UK Albums Chart and spending a sole week on the chart, Antichrist Superstar was certified gold by the BPI in July 2013 for sales of over 100,000 copies.[145] Similarly, the record spent six non-consecutive weeks on the ARIA Charts, peaking at number 41,[146] and was certified gold by the Australian Recording Industry Association.[147] Conversely, it became the band's commercial breakthrough in New Zealand, peaking within the top five and spending a total of 45 weeks on the New Zealand Albums Chart,[148] where it was eventually certified platinum.[149]Antichrist Superstar has sold in excess of 7 million copies worldwide.[23][94][150]

Track listing

All lyrics written by Marilyn Manson, except "Irresponsible Hate Anthem" written by Manson and Twiggy Ramirez.

Cycle I: The Heirophant
No.TitleMusicLength
1."Irresponsible Hate Anthem"4:17
2."The Beautiful People"Ramirez3:38
3."Dried Up, Tied and Dead to the World"
  • Manson
  • Ramirez
4:16
4."Tourniquet"
  • Berkowitz
  • Ramirez
4:29
Cycle II: Inauguration of the Worm
No.TitleMusicLength
5."Little Horn"2:43
6."Cryptorchid"Gacy2:44
7."Deformography"
  • Ramirez
  • Reznor
4:31
8."Wormboy"
  • Berkowitz
  • Ramirez
3:56
9."Mister Superstar"Ramirez5:04
10."Angel with the Scabbed Wings"
  • Manson
  • Ramirez
  • Gacy
3:52
11."Kinderfeld"
  • Ramirez
  • Gacy
4:51
Cycle III: Disintegrator Rising
No.TitleMusicLength
12."Antichrist Superstar"
  • Ramirez
  • Gacy
5:14
13."1996"Ramirez4:01
14."Minute of Decay"Manson4:44
15."The Reflecting God"
  • Ramirez
  • Reznor
5:36
16."Man That You Fear"
  • Ramirez
  • Manson
  • Gacy
  • Berkowitz
6:10
99."Track 99" (hidden track)
  • Gacy
  • Ramirez
1:39

Notes

  • Tracks 17-98 consist of a few seconds of silence each: track 17 is 9 seconds, tracks 18-97 are 4 seconds each, and track 98 lasts 5 seconds.[28]
  • While consisting of three cycles, the album was released as a single disc, similar to the four cycles of 2000's Holy Wood.
  • There are different names for the hidden track, "Revelation 99" and "Empty Sounds of Hate". The Marilyn Manson Collection on iTunes titles it "Ghost Track". Rhapsody titles the track as "Untitled", as well as Spotify and iTunes.
  • Spotify and iTunes list the hidden track directly after "Man That You Fear", without the silent tracks.

Personnel

Credits adapted from the liner notes of Antichrist Superstar.[16]

Marilyn Manson

Additional musicians

Technical personnel

Charts

Certifications

Region Certification Certified units/Sales
Argentina (CAPIF)[161] Gold 30,000^
Australia (ARIA)[147] Gold 35,000^
Canada (Music Canada)[140] 2× Platinum 200,000^
Mexico (AMPROFON)[141] Gold 100,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[149] Platinum 15,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[145] Gold 100,000^
United States (RIAA)[136] Platinum 1,900,000[138]

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

References

Notes

  1. ^ "Not only was nothing getting done, but everyone was telling me that it was weak, poorly executed and simply a repeat of what Trent had already done with The Downward Spiral. ...But maybe they [Trent Reznor and Dave Ogilvie] had never really taken the time to listen to and understand the idea. Maybe the album they had in mind for Marilyn Manson was not the one I had in mind. It seemed like Trent and I wanted to make different records. I saw Antichrist Superstar essentially as a pop album—albeit an intelligent, complex and dark one. I wanted to make something as classic as the records I had grown up on. Trent seemed to have his heart set on breaking new ground as a producer and recording something experimental, an ambition that often ran in opposition to the tunefulness, coherence and scope I insisted on. I had always relied on Trent's opinion in the studio, but what was I supposed to do now that our opinions differed? No matter what anyone said, I knew Antichrist Superstar was not the same as The Downward Spiral, which was about Trent's descent into an inner, solipsistic world of self-torment and wretchedness. Antichrist Superstar was about using your power, not your misery, and watching that power destroy you and everyone else around you."[12]

References

  1. ^ Tron, Gina (April 10, 2014). "Daisy Berkowitz: Portrait of an American Ex-Marilyn Manson Member". Vice. Vice Media. Archived from the original on April 2, 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d Wartofsky, Alona (May 9, 1997). "Manson Family Values". The Washington Post. Fred Ryan. Archived from the original on January 11, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ a b c Stratton, Jeff (April 15, 2016). "Manson Family Feud". New Times Broward-Palm Beach. Voice Media Group. Archived from the original on October 9, 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ Kissell, Ted B. (February 11, 1999). "Manson: The Florida Years". Cleveland Scene. Euclid Media Group. Archived from the original on August 9, 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ Biography.com Editors (April 2, 2014). "Marilyn Manson - Singer - Biography". Biography.com. A&E Networks. Archived from the original on April 4, 2016. Retrieved 2018.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  6. ^ Weiner, Chuck (2011). "Marilyn Manson: 'Talking'". Omnibus Press. Archived from the original on December 22, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Childers, Chad (October 8, 2016). "20 Years Ago: Marilyn Manson Makes Creative Leap With 'Antichrist Superstar'". Loudwire. Townsquare Media. Archived from the original on April 29, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  8. ^ Manson & Strauss 1998, p. 220
  9. ^ a b c Jackson, Alex (September 10, 1996). "Recording Antichrist Superstar A "Trying Experience" For Manson". MTV. Viacom Media Networks. Archived from the original on June 10, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  10. ^ a b Reed, Ryan (October 7, 2016). "Marilyn Manson's Antichrist Superstar: 10 Wild Stories". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Archived from the original on April 25, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  11. ^ a b Manson & Strauss 1998, pp. 225-226
  12. ^ Manson & Strauss 1998, p. 232
  13. ^ Loftin, Steven (July 16, 2018). "Why a Marilyn Manson and Trent Reznor collab album is the dark future we need". Alternative Press. Alternative Press Magazine, Inc. Archived from the original on July 16, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  14. ^ Manson & Strauss 1998, p. 238
  15. ^ a b c Manson & Strauss 1998, p. 243
  16. ^ a b c Antichrist Superstar. Interscope Records (CD liner notes). Marilyn Manson. Universal Music Group. 1996. INTD-90086.CS1 maint: others (link)
  17. ^ a b Gargano, Paul. "Twiggy Ramirez Interview". Metal Edge. Zenbu Media (1997-03-01). ISSN 1068-2872.
  18. ^ Miller, Gerri. "Zim Zum Speaks | The Ex-Marilyn Manson Guitarist On Mechanical Animals and why he's out". Metal Edge. Zenbu Media (1998-12-01). ISSN 1068-2872.
  19. ^ a b Thigpen, David (February 24, 1997). "Music: Satan's Little Helpers". Time. Marc & Lynne Benioff. Archived from the original on April 25, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  20. ^ a b c d Pareles, Jon (October 31, 1996). "Every Parent's Nightmare, Howling Into the Darkness". The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. Archived from the original on June 25, 2015. Retrieved 2018.
  21. ^ a b Cohlt, Elore (June 21, 2012). "Marilyn Manson, Nietzsche et la notion de Surhommme" [Marilyn Manson, Nietzsche and the notion of the Superman]. L'Express (in French). Altice. Archived from the original on April 25, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  22. ^ Steve, Lowe (March 1, 1999). "Meet the Mayor of Hollywood". Select. Ascential. ISSN 0959-8367.
  23. ^ a b San Roman, Gabriel (October 7, 2011). "Marilyn Manson's 'Antichrist Superstar' Turns 15 as 'Born Villain' Readies for Release". OC Weekly. Duncan McIntosh Company. Archived from the original on January 13, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  24. ^ "Marilyn Manson: The Music That Made Me". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. May 8, 2015. Archived from the original on May 7, 2016. Retrieved 2018.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h Shafer, Joseph (April 8, 2015). "The 10 Best Marilyn Manson Songs". Stereogum. Valence Media. Archived from the original on June 27, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  26. ^ Wiederhorn, Jon (July 19, 2016). "22 Years Ago: Marilyn Manson Issues 'Portrait of an American Family". Loudwire. Townsquare Media. Archived from the original on May 1, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  27. ^ a b c Ali, Lorraine (October 29, 1996). "Antichrist Superstar - Rolling Stone". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Archived from the original on April 23, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  28. ^ a b c d Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Antichrist Superstar - Marilyn Manson". AllMusic. All Media Network, LLC. Archived from the original on June 6, 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  29. ^ Ingham, Chris (October 22, 2015). "Blood On Our Hands: Backstage With Marilyn Manson, Public Enemy No. 1". Metal Hammer. Future plc. Archived from the original on April 4, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  30. ^ a b c d Young, Alex (September 13, 2008). "Dusting 'Em Off: Marilyn Manson - Antichrist Superstar". Consequence of Sound. Consequence Holdings, LLC. Archived from the original on April 4, 2012. Retrieved 2017.
  31. ^ MTV News Staff (December 3, 1997). "Marilyn Manson Discusses New Concept For Next Album". MTV. Viacom Media Networks. Archived from the original on April 25, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  32. ^ "Marilyn Manson - Antichrist Superstar Official Music Video". Antichrist Superstar Official Music Video. NME.com. Retrieved 2011.
  33. ^ a b Fischer, Reed (October 3, 2011). "Marilyn Manson's Antichrist Superstar Is 15: Daisy Berkowitz Speaks". New Times Broward-Palm Beach. Voice Media Group. Archived from the original on April 25, 2017. Retrieved 2016.
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h Bennett, J (January 5, 2019). "Marilyn Manson's 'Antichrist Superstar': The Story Behind The Album Cover Art". Revolver. Project M Group LLC. Archived from the original on February 25, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  35. ^ DiPerna, Alan. "Marilyn Manson: Shock, Rattle and Roll". Guitar World. Harris Publications (1996-12-01): 56-64, 209-214. Archived from the original on October 23, 2013. Retrieved 2016.
  36. ^ Moorefield, Virgil (February 1, 2010). The Producer as Composer: Shaping the Sounds of Popular Music. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. p. 77. ISBN 0-262-51405-2. Archived from the original on April 25, 2017.
  37. ^ a b Serio, Alexandra (June 3, 2017). "A Brief History of Marilyn Manson Pissing Off Jesus Christ". Vice. Vice Media. Archived from the original on January 26, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  38. ^ Kaufman, Gil (December 11, 1996). "Another Right Wing Attack On Rap & Rock". MTV. Viacom Media Network. Archived from the original on January 13, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  39. ^ "Marilyn Manson Album & Song Chart History: Alternative Songs". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Archived from the original on July 1, 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  40. ^ "Marilyn Manson Album & Song Chart History: Mainstream Rock Songs". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Archived from the original on July 1, 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  41. ^ "Australiancharts.com - Marilyn Manson - The Beautiful People". ARIA Charts. Hung Medien. Archived from the original on August 24, 2015. Retrieved 2017.
  42. ^ "Charts.org.nz - Marilyn Manson - The Beautiful People". Recorded Music NZ. Hung Medien. Archived from the original on March 10, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  43. ^ a b c "Marilyn Manson | Artist | Official Charts". UK Albums Chart. Retrieved 2017-01-10.
  44. ^ a b c d Preira, Matt (October 4, 2011). "Marilyn Manson's Antichrist Superstar Is 15: A Video History". New Times Broward-Palm Beach. Voice Media Group. Archived from the original on April 25, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  45. ^ "MTV: 100 Greatest Music Videos Ever Made". MTV. Rock On The Net. December 1, 1999. Archived from the original on August 10, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  46. ^ "Much Music's 100 Greatest Videos Ever". Much. Bell Media. August 30, 2014. Archived from the original on January 5, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  47. ^ Jolson-Colburn, Jeffrey (July 23, 1997). "Jamiroquai Tops MTV Video Music Nom List". E! Online. E!. Archived from the original on April 25, 2017. Retrieved 2016.
  48. ^ Irizarry, Katy (July 10, 2016). "List: 5 Shocking Marilyn Manson Moments". Revolver. Project M Group LLC. Archived from the original on April 25, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  49. ^ MTV News Staff (August 27, 2010). "The 2010 VMA Countdown: Marilyn Manson Bares All". MTV. Viacom Media Networks. Archived from the original on April 25, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  50. ^ Kangas, Chaz (September 5, 2012). "The MTV Video Music Awards' Five Most Iconic Performances". OC Weekly. Duncan McIntosh Company. Archived from the original on April 25, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  51. ^ Kangas, Chaz (September 6, 2012). "The 1997 Edition Was the Best MTV Video Music Awards". LA Weekly. Voice Media Group. Archived from the original on January 2, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  52. ^ Stosuy, Brandon (January 5, 2009). "VH1's 100 Greatest Hard Rock Songs". Stereogum. Valence Media. Archived from the original on August 7, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  53. ^ a b Barkan, Jonathan (May 15, 2015). "[From Best To Worst] The Music Videos Of Marilyn Manson: "Antichrist Superstar"". Bloody Disgusting. The Collective. Archived from the original on April 25, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  54. ^ "Marilyn Manson: Anti-Christ Superstar". San Francisco International Film Festival. Archived from the original on March 27, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  55. ^ "Dramatic New Scenes For Celebritarian Needs: An Exclusive Interview With Marilyn Manson". MansonUSA. November 3, 2005. Archived from the original on June 4, 2006. Retrieved 2017.
  56. ^ Ankeny, Jason. "Lost Highway [Original Soundtrack] - Various Artists | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. All Media Network, LLC. Retrieved 2017.
  57. ^ Chillingworth, Alec (September 6, 2016). "The 10 most underrated Marilyn Manson songs - Metal Hammer". Metal Hammer. Future plc. Archived from the original on September 7, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  58. ^ Rife, Katie (May 23, 2017). "Lost Highway put David Lynch onto America's car stereos". The A.V. Club. The Onion. Archived from the original on June 8, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  59. ^ "Running With the Devil, by Marilyn Manson". Spin. Valence Media. February 1, 1998. Archived from the original on April 19, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  60. ^ MTV News Staff (September 9, 1997). "Marilyn Manson Is No Friend Of The Sneaker Pimps". MTV. Viacom Media Networks. Archived from the original on March 31, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  61. ^ MTV News Staff (September 16, 1997). "Marilyn Manson: Sneaker Pimps "Very Confused Individuals"". MTV. Viacom Media Networks. Archived from the original on October 21, 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  62. ^ Dowd, A.A. (October 26, 2016). "Like its inspiration, Spawn soundtrack cobbled together coolness | Soundtracks Of Our Lives". The A.V. Club. The Onion. Archived from the original on February 1, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  63. ^ Ford, Chris. "10 Best Marilyn Manson Videos". Noisecreep. Townsquare Media. Archived from the original on November 3, 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  64. ^ a b Kaufman, Gil (September 12, 1996). "Nine Inch Nails & Other Tales From CMJ". MTV. Viacom Media Networks. Archived from the original on January 13, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  65. ^ Micallef, Ken (1996). "Marilyn Manson's Ginger Fish". Pulse!. Sacramento, California: Tower Records (MTS Inc).
  66. ^ Circus Magazine staff (December 1, 1996). "Ginger Fish & Zim Zum". Circus. United States: Gerald Rothberg. ISSN 0009-7365.
  67. ^ Pinfield, Matt (host) (September 29, 1996). "120 Minutes of Nothing". 120 Minutes. MTV.
  68. ^ Rieppi, Laurent (October 20, 2016). "Antichrist Superstar de Manson: 20 ans déjà" [20 Years of Manson's Antichrist Superstar]. RTBF (in French). Archived from the original on April 25, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  69. ^ a b c Iwasaki, Scott (January 13, 1997). "Pretentious Manson Pays The Devil His Due". Deseret News. Deseret News Publishing Company. Archived from the original on February 6, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  70. ^ Manson & Strauss 1998, p. 253
  71. ^ Kaufman, Gil (March 11, 1999). "Hole Threaten To Drop Off Marilyn Manson Joint Tour". MTV. Viacom Media Networks. Archived from the original on July 28, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  72. ^ a b c Brophy, Steven M. (January 13, 1997). "Opening Act Outplays Manson". The Salt Lake Tribune. Salt Lake City: Huntsman Family Investments, LLC. p. C6. Retrieved 2019.
  73. ^ San Román, Gabriel (October 7, 2011). "Marilyn Manson's 'Antichrist Superstar' Turns 15 As 'Born Villain' Readies For Release". OC Weekly. Duncan McIntosh Company. Archived from the original on March 5, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  74. ^ Staff writer (November 5, 1995). "Anal Retentive". Spin. The Capital Ballroom Washington, D.C.: Valence Media.
  75. ^ Manson & Strauss 1998, p. 261
  76. ^ a b c Powers, Ann (December 1, 1996). "SPIN | Records | Antichrist Superstar by Marilyn Manson". Spin. Valence Media. 12 (9): 140. ISSN 0886-3032.
  77. ^ Thompson, Barry (January 20, 2015). "Marilyn Manson on 'Inventing' Grunge, Sons of Anarchy, and Why He's a Furby". Esquire. Hearst Magazines. Archived from the original on January 9, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  78. ^ a b Mirapaul, Matthew (April 24, 1997). "The Traveling Controversy That Is Marilyn Manson". The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. Archived from the original on October 8, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  79. ^ Hedegaard, Erik (January 6, 2015). "Marilyn Manson: The Vampire of the Hollywood Hills". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Archived from the original on September 26, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  80. ^ a b Donohue, Anne T. (March 15, 2017). "Why Marilyn Manson Was Our Last Controversial Artist". Nylon. Diversis Capital. Archived from the original on April 16, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  81. ^ MTV News Staff (June 24, 1997). "Marilyn Manson Fans Settle Lawsuit Over Canceled Utah Show". MTV. Viacom Media Networks. Archived from the original on June 16, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  82. ^ a b Spencer, Jim (April 20, 1997). "Richmond Makes Martyr Out Of Manson". Daily Press. Tribune Publishing. Archived from the original on August 4, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  83. ^ a b Strauss, Neil Strauss (May 17, 1997). "A Bogey Band to Scare Parents With". The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. Archived from the original on March 6, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  84. ^ a b Nelson, Chris (April 19, 1997). "Ozzy Osbourne To Sue New Jersey Over Marilyn Manson". MTV. Viacom Media Networks. Archived from the original on June 16, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  85. ^ MTV News Staff (July 21, 1997). "R 'N' R Three Dot: Portland Axes Marilyn Manson Show". MTV. Viacom Media Networks. Archived from the original on June 16, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  86. ^ Kaufman, Gil (December 11, 1997). "Marilyn Manson Wins Case Of Canceled Concert". MTV. Viacom Media Networks. Archived from the original on June 16, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  87. ^ Strauss, Neil (June 17, 1997). "Heavy Metal Upstaged By a Fury Offstage". The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. Archived from the original on July 1, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  88. ^ a b c Maher, Bill (host) (August 13, 1997). "Politically Incorrect". Politically Incorrect With Bill Maher. Season 5. 30 minutes in. ABC.
  89. ^ Karan, Tim (January 8, 2015). "It's Perfectly Normal To Like Marilyn Manson". Diffuser.fm. Townsquare Media. Archived from the original on January 20, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  90. ^ Horbelt, Stephan (November 25, 2016). "Remember When Florence Henderson and Marilyn Manson Became Friends?". Hornet. Hornet Networks Ltd. Archived from the original on January 19, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  91. ^ Prato, Greg. "Remix & Repent - Marilyn Manson | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. All Media Network, LLC. Archived from the original on January 9, 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  92. ^ Perez, Ashley (September 27, 2016). "Marilyn Manson to reissue 'Antichrist Superstar' for 20th anniversary". AXS. Anschutz Entertainment Group. Archived from the original on April 25, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  93. ^ "Music Video Sales - February 28, 1998". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. February 28, 1998. Archived from the original on March 28, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  94. ^ a b Copsey, Rob (March 8, 2016). "Record Store Day 2016: The full list of 557 exclusive music releases revealed". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on June 11, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  95. ^ "Critic Reviews for Antichrist Superstar by Marilyn Manson". Album of the Year. Robert Thomas. Archived from the original on March 6, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  96. ^ a b Kot, Greg (January 3, 1997). "Marilyn Manson: Antichrist Superstar (Nothing/Interscope)". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Publishing. Archived from the original on April 25, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  97. ^ a b Christgau, Robert (2000). "Marilyn Manson". Christgau's Consumer Guide: Albums of the '90s. Macmillan. ISBN 0312245602. Retrieved 2018.
  98. ^ Larkin, Colin (2007). The Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-85712-595-8.
  99. ^ a b Farber, Jim (October 11, 1996). "Article: Antichrist Superstar Review". Entertainment Weekly. Meredith Corporation. Archived from the original on May 2, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  100. ^ Strong, Martin C. (October 21, 2004). The Great Rock Discography (7th ed.). London, United Kingdom: Canongate Books. ISBN 1-84195-615-5.
  101. ^ Marsh, David; Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (2004). "Marilyn Manson". The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. Simon & Schuster. pp. 513-14. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
  102. ^ "Antichrist Superstar Review | Marilyn Manson". Ultimate Guitar Archive. Eugeny Naidenov. Archived from the original on April 25, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  103. ^ Tye Comer, M. (December 1, 1996). "CMJ New Music Monthly | Reviews | Marilyn Manson - Antichrist Superstar (Nothing/Interscope)". CMJ New Music Monthly. CMJ Network, Inc. (40): 38. ISSN 1074-6978.
  104. ^ Christgau, Robert (October 9, 2018). "Xgau Sez". Robert Christgau. Archived from the original on December 28, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  105. ^ O'Neal, Sean (August 8, 1996). "In 1996, alternative rock died a messy, forgettable death". The A.V. Club. The Onion. Archived from the original on April 25, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  106. ^ Philips, Chuck (December 10, 1996). "Critics expected to take on MCA for explicit rap lyrics". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Publishing. Archived from the original on May 13, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  107. ^ Kaufman, Gil (December 11, 1996). "Another Right Wing Attack On Rap & Rock". MTV. Viacom Media Network. Archived from the original on January 13, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  108. ^ Goldberg, Michael (June 1, 1996). "Elvis Fan Bill Bennett Attacks Rap, Marilyn Manson". MTV. Viacom Media Network. Archived from the original on August 9, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  109. ^ Kretkowski, Paul D. (November 11, 1997). "Blaming the Shock Rockers: Now that Frank Zappa's dead, who will stick up for Marilyn Manson?". Mother Jones. Foundation For National Progress. Archived from the original on June 8, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  110. ^ "Music Violence: How Does It Affect Our Children - Hearing before the Committee of Governmental Affairs, United States Senate" (PDF). United States Government Publishing Office. United States Congress Joint Committee on Printing. November 7, 1997. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 22, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  111. ^ Nelson, Chris (November 7, 1997). "Senate Hearing Attempts To Connect Manson To Suicide". MTV. Viacom Media Networks. Archived from the original on August 9, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  112. ^ a b "Acclaimed Music | Marilyn Manson - Artist Rank". Acclaimed Music. Henrik Franzon. Archived from the original on June 11, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  113. ^ Dimery, Robert; Lydon, Michael (March 23, 2010). 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die: Revised and Updated Edition. Universe Publishing. p. 910. ISBN 978-0-7893-2074-2.
  114. ^ Moon, Tom (August 28, 2008). 1,000 Recordings to Hear Before You Die. Workman Publishing Company. p. 187. ISBN 978-0-7611-3963-8.
  115. ^ "Albums: 50 Years of Great Recordings". Thunder Bay Press. Acclaimed Music. 2002. Archived from the original on September 9, 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  116. ^ a b Rolling Stone Staff (April 21, 1999). "The Essential Recordings of the '90s". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Archived from the original on April 25, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  117. ^ a b Rolling Stone Staff (April 27, 2011). "100 Best Albums of the Nineties". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Archived from the original on March 14, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  118. ^ a b "Revolver (USA) - The 69 Greatest Metal Albums of All Time (2002)". Revolver. Acclaimed Music. January 1, 2002. Archived from the original on September 9, 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  119. ^ a b "Kerrang! Albums Of The Year: 1996". Kerrang!. Wasted Talent Ltd. Archived from the original on May 26, 2011. Retrieved 2017.
  120. ^ a b "Kerrang! 100 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die". Kerrang!. Wasted Talent Ltd. January 1, 1998. Archived from the original on October 23, 2014. Retrieved 2017.
  121. ^ a b "Kerrang! Klassic - Special Edition: 100 Greatest Rock Albums Ever!". Kerrang!. Wasted Talent Ltd. 9 (15): 44. November 1, 2006. ISSN 0262-6624. Archived from the original on September 9, 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  122. ^ a b "Q's 50 Heaviest Albums Of All Time". Q. Bauer Media Group. 7 (1): 86. July 1, 2001. Archived from the original on November 11, 2010. Retrieved 2017.
  123. ^ a b NME Staff (August 14, 2009). "100 Greatest Heavy Metal Albums". NME. Time Inc. Archived from the original on April 25, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  124. ^ a b Classic Rock Staff (December 1, 2001). "The 100 Greatest Rock Albums Of All Time". Classic Rock. No. 35. London, United Kingdom: Future plc. ISSN 1464-7834.
  125. ^ a b c "Classic Rock & Metal Hammer (UK) - The 200 Greatest Albums of the '90s (2006)". Classic Rock & Metal Hammer. Acclaimed Music. Archived from the original on September 9, 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  126. ^ a b "Record Collector (UK) - 10 Classic Albums from 21 Genres for the 21st Century (2000)". Record Collector. Acclaimed Music. Archived from the original on September 9, 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  127. ^ a b "Choix des critiques depuis 1993". Rock Sound. Patrick Napier. Archived from the original on May 7, 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  128. ^ a b "Jaarlijst Oor 1996". Muziekkrant OOR. Argo Media. Retrieved 2017.
  129. ^ a b Buchanan, Brett (December 30, 2016). "Top 10 Rock Albums of 1996". Alternative Nation. Archived from the original on April 25, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  130. ^ a b "Top 150 Albums of Our Lifetime (1992-2006)". Rock Sound. Acclaimed Music. Archived from the original on September 9, 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  131. ^ a b "Die 100 wichtigsten Platten der Neunziger" [The Most Important Records of the Nineties]. Visions (in German). January 1, 2000. Archived from the original on February 7, 2015. Retrieved 2017.
  132. ^ a b "Rock & Folk (France) - The Best Albums from 1963 to 1999 (1999)". Rock & Folk. Acclaimed Music. January 1, 2000. Archived from the original on September 9, 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  133. ^ a b "FNAC (France) - The 1000 Best Albums of All Time (2008)". Fnac. Acclaimed Music. Archived from the original on September 9, 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  134. ^ Dansby, Andrew (May 21, 2003). "Manson Golden at Number One". Rolling Stone. Wenner. Archived from the original on March 20, 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  135. ^ MTV News Staff (October 17, 1996). "Chartwatch: Marilyn Manson Scores". MTV. Viacom Media Networks. Archived from the original on January 13, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  136. ^ a b "American album certifications - Marilyn Manson - Antichrist Superstar". Recording Industry Association of America. December 11, 1996. Retrieved 2017.If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH.
  137. ^ Rosen, Craig (September 13, 1997). "Interscope Reaches Crossroads With Trauma Split, Death Row Uncertainty". Billboard. Lynne Segall. 109 (37): 10, 110. Retrieved 2017.
  138. ^ a b Paine, Andre (November 8, 2010). "Marilyn Manson Plots 2011 Comeback with Indie Label". Billboard. Lynne Segall. Archived from the original on May 5, 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  139. ^ a b "Top RPM Albums: Issue 9835". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 2017-01-10.
  140. ^ a b "Canadian album certifications - Marilyn Manson - Antichrist Superstar". Music Canada. September 18, 1997. Retrieved 2017.
  141. ^ a b "Certificaciones" (in Spanish). Asociación Mexicana de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas. October 21, 1999. Retrieved 2017.Type Marilyn Manson in the box under the ARTISTA column heading and Antichrist Superstar in the box under TÍTULO
  142. ^ a b "Marilyn Manson: Antichrist Superstar" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat - IFPI Finland. Retrieved 2017-01-10.
  143. ^ a b "Lescharts.com - Marilyn Manson - Antichrist Superstar". Hung Medien. Retrieved 2017-01-10.
  144. ^ a b "Offiziellecharts.de - Marilyn Manson - Antichrist Superstar" (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved 2017-01-10.
  145. ^ a b "British album certifications - Marilyn Manson - Antichrist Superstar". British Phonographic Industry. July 22, 2013. Retrieved 2017.Select albums in the Format field. Select Gold in the Certification field. Type Antichrist Superstar in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
  146. ^ a b "Australiancharts.com - Marilyn Manson - Antichrist Superstar". Hung Medien. Retrieved 2017-01-10.
  147. ^ a b "ARIA Charts - Accreditations - 1997 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved 2011.
  148. ^ a b "Charts.org.nz - Marilyn Manson - Antichrist Superstar". Hung Medien. Retrieved 2017-01-10.
  149. ^ a b "New Zealand album certifications - Marilyn Manson - Antichrist Superstar". Recorded Music NZ. June 7, 1998. Retrieved 2015.
  150. ^ "Russia bans Marilyn Manson concert". Associated Press. Newshub. June 27, 2014. Archived from the original on April 26, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  151. ^ "Austriancharts.at - Marilyn Manson - Antichrist Superstar" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved 2017-01-10.
  152. ^ "Top 40 album DVD és válogatáslemez-lista - 1997. 9. hét" (in Hungarian). MAHASZ. Retrieved 2017-01-10.
  153. ^ Salaverri, Fernando (September 1, 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959-2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2.
  154. ^ "Swedishcharts.com - Marilyn Manson - Antichrist Superstar". Hung Medien. Retrieved 2017-01-10.
  155. ^ "Official Rock & Metal Albums Chart Top 40". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 2017-01-10.
  156. ^ "Marilyn Manson Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved 2017-01-10.
  157. ^ "Year End Top 100 Albums". RPM. Vol. 64 no. 18. December 16, 1996. ISSN 0315-5994. Archived from the original on January 13, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  158. ^ "Billboard 200 Albums - Year-End 1996". Billboard. Lynne Segall. Archived from the original on January 10, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  159. ^ "Top Selling Albums of 1997". Recorded Music NZ. Archived from the original on May 10, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  160. ^ "Billboard 200 Albums - Year-End 1997". Billboard. Lynne Segall. Archived from the original on March 12, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  161. ^ "CAPIF - Representando a la Industria Argentina de la Música". Argentine Chamber of Phonograms and Videograms Producers. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. Retrieved 2016.

Bibliography

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Antichrist_Superstar
 



 



 
Music Scenes