Perkins in 1975, by Allan Warren
|Died||September 12, 1992 (aged 60)|
|Alma mater||Columbia University|
Janet Esselstyn Rane
Anthony Perkins (April 4, 1932 - September 12, 1992) was an American actor, director, and singer. He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his second film, Friendly Persuasion (1956), but is best remembered for playing Norman Bates in Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho (1960) and its three sequels. His other films include Fear Strikes Out (1957), The Matchmaker (1958), On the Beach (1959), Tall Story (1960), The Trial (1962), Phaedra (1962), Five Miles to Midnight (1962), Pretty Poison (1968), Murder on the Orient Express (1974), Mahogany (1975), The Black Hole (1979), North Sea Hijack (1980), and Crimes of Passion (1984).
Perkins was born in Manhattan, New York City, son of stage and film actor Osgood Perkins and his wife, Janet Esselstyn (née Rane). His paternal great-grandfather was wood engraver Andrew Varick Stout Anthony. He was five when his father died.
Perkins was a descendant of a Mayflower passenger, John Howland. He attended Brooks School and Browne & Nichols School, having moved to Boston in 1942, and then Columbia University and Rollins College.
Perkins made his film debut in The Actress (1953). The film was a commercial disappointment. Perkins was first really noticed when he replaced John Kerr on Broadway in the lead of Tea and Sympathy in 1954. This renewed Hollywood interest in him.
Subsequently, Perkins starred as troubled former Boston Red Sox baseball player Jimmy Piersall in the 1957 biopic Fear Strikes Out (1957) and in the two Westerns The Lonely Man (1957) (with Jack Palance) and The Tin Star (1957) (with Henry Fonda).
He released three pop music albums and several singles in 1957 and 1958 on Epic and RCA Victor under the name Tony Perkins. His single "Moon-Light Swim" was a moderate hit in the United States, peaking at number 24 on the Billboard Hot 100 in 1957. He showcased his musical talents in The Matchmaker (1958) with Shirley Booth and Shirley MacLaine.
A life member of the Actors Studio, Perkins also acted in theater. In 1958, he was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play for his performance in Look Homeward, Angel (1957-59) on Broadway. He played the role of Eugene Gant.
Perkins was Audrey Hepburn's love interest in Green Mansions (1959), one of Hepburn's few flops. He was a doomed lover in On the Beach (1959) and played a college basketball champion in Tall Story (1960), best remembered for being Jane Fonda's film debut.
Perkins in youth had a boyish, earnest quality, reminiscent of the young James Stewart, which Alfred Hitchcock exploited and subverted when the actor starred as Norman Bates in the film Psycho (1960). The film was a critical and commercial success, and gained Perkins international fame for his performance as the homicidal owner of the Bates Motel. Perkins' performance gained him the Best Actor Award from the International Board of Motion Picture Reviewers. The role and its multiple sequels affected the remainder of his career.
He appeared in a short-lived Broadway play, Harold (1962), then was featured in a series of films shot in Europe: Phaedra (1962), shot in Greece with Melina Mercouri and directed by Jules Dassin; Five Miles to Midnight (1962) with Sophia Loren; Orson Welles' version of The Trial (1962, from the Kafka novel); Le glaive et la balance (1963), shot in France; and Une ravissante idiote (1964) with Brigitte Bardot.
He starred in another French film, The Champagne Murders (1967) for Claude Chabrol, then made his first Hollywood movie since Psycho, Pretty Poison (1968) with Tuesday Weld. It was not a box office success, but has become a notable cult favorite.
Perkins had the lead in a TV movie, How Awful About Allan (1970) and supported Charles Bronson in the French movie, Someone Behind the Door (1971). He starred in Chabrol's Ten Days' Wonder (1971). Perkins was reunited with Weld when he supported her in Play It as It Lays (1972). He was also in The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean (1972). He co-wrote, with composer/lyricist Stephen Sondheim, the screenplay for the film The Last of Sheila (1973).
Perkins was one of the many stars featured in Murder on the Orient Express (1974). He co-starred with Beau Bridges in Lovin' Molly (also 1974). He enjoyed success on Broadway in Peter Shaffer's 1974 play Equus (where he was a replacement in the leading role originally played by Anthony Hopkins).Off-Broadway he directed The Wager (1974).
Perkins supported Diana Ross in Mahogany (1975) and hosted television's Saturday Night Live in 1976. He co-starred with Geraldine Chaplin in Remember My Name (1978) and had roles on television, playing Mary Tyler Moore's husband in First, You Cry (1978) and Javert in Les Misérables (1978). He was featured in Walt Disney's The Black Hole, in 1979. He had another Broadway success with Bernard Slade's 1979 play Romantic Comedy. Perkins was a villain in North Sea Hijack (1980) and one of many names in Winter Kills (1980). He also starred in the 1980 Canadian film Deadly Companion (also known as Double Negative).
Perkins reprised the role of Norman Bates in Psycho's three sequels. The first, Psycho II (1983), was a box-office success twenty-three years after the original film.
Perkins went to Australia to appear in For the Term of His Natural Life (1983). After The Glory Boys (1984) for British television, Perkins made Crimes of Passion (1984) for Ken Russell. He then starred in and directed Psycho III (1986).
Perkins had supporting roles in Napoleon and Josephine: A Love Story (1987), and Destroyer (1988). He directed but did not appear in Lucky Stiff (1988). Perkins starred in some additional horror films, Edge of Sanity (1989), Daughter of Darkness (1990), and I'm Dangerous Tonight (1990). He played Norman Bates again in the made-for-cable film Psycho IV: The Beginning (1990).
Perkins appeared in six television productions between 1990 and 1992, including Daughter of Darkness (1990) and hosting a 12-episode horror anthology series titled Chillers (1990). He made his final appearance in In the Deep Woods (1992) with Rosanna Arquette. He had agreed to provide the voice for the role of the dentist, Dr. Wolfe, in The Simpsons episode "Last Exit to Springfield" but died before the part could be recorded. In the end, the character was voiced by Simpsons regular Hank Azaria.
Perkins was extremely shy, especially in the company of women. According to the posthumous biography Split Image by Charles Winecoff, he had exclusively same-sex relationships until his late 30s, including with actor Tab Hunter, artist Christopher Makos, dancer Rudolf Nureyev, composer/lyricist Stephen Sondheim, and dancer-choreographer Grover Dale. Perkins has also been described as one of the two great men in the life of French songwriter Patrick Loiseau.
Perkins reportedly had his first heterosexual experience at age 39 with actress Victoria Principal on location filming The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean in 1971. He met photographer Berinthia "Berry" Berenson, the younger sister of actress and model Marisa Berenson, at a party in Manhattan in 1972. They married when he was 41 and she was 25, on August 9, 1973 and had two sons: director Oz Perkins (b. February 2, 1974) and musician Elvis Perkins (b. February 9, 1976). Perkins and Berenson remained married until his death. In 2001, on the day before the ninth anniversary of his death, Perkins' widow died at age 53 in the September 11 attacks aboard American Airlines Flight 11. She was returning to her California home following a holiday on Cape Cod.
Perkins was diagnosed with HIV during the filming of Psycho IV: The Beginning, and died at his Los Angeles home on September 12, 1992, from AIDS-relatedpneumonia at age 60. His urn, inscribed "Don't Fence Me In", is in an altar by a bench on the terrace of his former home in the Hollywood Hills.
|1953||The Actress||Fred Whitmarsh|
|1956||Friendly Persuasion||Josh Birdwell||Golden Globe Award for Most Promising Newcomer - Male|
Nominated--Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
|1957||Fear Strikes Out||Jim Piersall|
|1957||The Lonely Man||Riley Wade|
|1957||The Tin Star||Sheriff Ben Owens|
|1957||This Angry Age||Joseph Dufresne||Alternative title: The Sea Wall|
|1958||Desire Under the Elms||Eben Cabot|
|1958||The Matchmaker||Cornelius Hackl|
|1959||On the Beach||Lt. Peter Holmes - Royal Australian Navy|
|1960||Tall Story||Ray Blent|
|1960||Psycho||Norman Bates||International Board of Motion Picture Reviewers for Best Actor|
Nominated--Bambi Award for Best International Actor
|1961||Goodbye Again||Philip Van der Besh||Cannes Film Festival Award for Best Actor|
David di Donatello for Best Foreign Actor
Nominated--Bambi Award for Best International Actor
|1962||Five Miles to Midnight||Robert Macklin|
|1962||The Trial||Josef K|
|1963||Le glaive et la balance||Johnny Parsons||English titles: The Sword and the Balance and Two Are Guilty|
|1964||Une ravissante idiote||Harry Compton / Nicholas Maukouline||English title: The Ravishing Idiot|
|1965||The Fool Killer||Milo Bogardus|
|1966||Is Paris Burning?||Sgt. Warren|
|1967||The Champagne Murders||Christopher Belling||French title: Le scandale|
|1968||Pretty Poison||Dennis Pitt|
|1970||Catch-22||Chaplain Tappman||Nominated--National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor|
|1970||WUSA||Rainey||Nominated--National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor|
|1970||How Awful About Allan||Allan Colleigh||Television film|
|1971||Someone Behind the Door||Laurence Jeffries||French title: Quelqu'un derrière la porte|
|1971||Ten Days' Wonder||Charles Van Horn||French title: La Décade prodigieuse|
|1972||Play It as It Lays||B.Z. Mendenhall|
|1972||The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean||Reverend LaSalle|
|1973||The Last of Sheila||N/A||Co-writer with Stephen Sondheim|
Edgar Allan Poe Award for Best Motion Picture Screenplay [Shared with Stephen Sondheim]
|1974||Lovin' Molly||Gid Frye|
|1974||Murder on the Orient Express||Hector McQueen|
|1978||Remember My Name||Neil Curry|
|1978||First, You Cry||Arthur Heroz||Television film|
|1978||Les Misérables||Javert||Television film|
|1979||Winter Kills||John Cerruti|
|1979||Twice a Woman||Alfred Boeken||Dutch title: Twee vrouwen|
|1979||The Black Hole||Dr. Alex Durant|
|1980||North Sea Hijack||Lou Kramer||Alternative titles: ffolkes and Assault Force|
|1980||Deadly Companion||Lawrence Miles||Alternative title: Double Negative|
|1983||The Sins of Dorian Gray||Henry Lord||Television film|
|1983||Psycho II||Norman Bates|
|1984||Crimes of Passion||Reverend Peter Shayne|
|1986||Psycho III||Norman Bates||Also director|
Nominated--Saturn Award for Best Actor
|1989||Edge of Sanity||Dr. Henry Jekyll / Jack "The Ripper" Hyde|
|1990||Daughter of Darkness||Anton / Prince Constantine||Television film|
|1990||I'm Dangerous Tonight||Professor Buchanan||Television film|
|1990||Psycho IV: The Beginning||Norman Bates||Television film|
|1991||A Demon in My View||Arthur Johnson|
|1992||The Naked Target||El Mecano|
|1992||In the Deep Woods||Paul Miller, P.I.||Television film (released posthumously; final film role)|
|1953||The Big Story||Ralph Darrow||Episode: "Robert Billeter of the Pendleton Times of Franklin, West Virginia"|
|1954||Kraft Television Theatre||Himself - Guest Star||Episode: "The Missing Years"|
|1954||Armstrong Circle Theatre||Philippe||Episode: "The Fugitive"|
|1954||The Man Behind the Badge||Pedro||Episodes: "The East Baton Rouge Story", "The Case of the Narcotics Racket"|
|1955||General Electric Theater||West Wind||Episode: "Mr. Blue Ocean"|
|1955||Windows||Benji||Episode: "The World Out There"|
|1956||Kraft Television Theatre||Willie O'Reilly||Episode: "Home Is the Hero"|
|1956||Studio One||Clyde Smith||Episode: "The Silent Gun"|
|1956||Front Row Center||Dexter Green||Episode: "Winter Dreams"|
|1956||Goodyear Television Playhouse||Joey||Episode: "Joey"|
|1966||ABC Stage 67||Charles Snell||Episode: "Evening Primrose"|
|1968||BBC Play of the Month||Tommy Turner||Episode: "The Male Animal"|
|1976||Saturday Night Live||Himself - Host / Norman Bates / Various||Episode: "Anthony Perkins/Betty Carter"|
|1979||The Horror Show||Himself - Host / Narrator||Television special|
|1983||For the Term of His Natural Life||Reverend James North||Television miniseries (2 episodes)|
|1984||The Glory Boys||Jimmy||Television miniseries (3 episodes)|
|1987||Napoleon and Josephine: A Love Story||Talleyrand||Television miniseries (3 episodes)|
|1990||Chillers||Himself - Host||Television series (12 episodes)|
|1990||The Ghost Writer||Anthony Strack||Television pilot|
|1954-55||Tea and Sympathy||Tom Lee||Ethel Barrymore Theatre, New York City||Broadway (replacement for John Kerr)|
|1957-59||Look Homeward, Angel||Eugene Gant||Ethel Barrymore Theatre, New York City||Broadway|
|1960||Greenwillow||Gideon Briggs||Alvin Theatre, New York City||Broadway|
|1962||Harold||Harold Selbar||Cort Theatre, New York City||Broadway|
|1966-67||The Star-Spangled Girl||Andy Hobart||Plymouth Theatre, New York City||Broadway|
|1970||Steambath||Tandy||Truck and Warehouse Theater, New York City||Off-Broadway (also director)|
|1974||The Wager||N/A||Eastside Playhouse, New York City||Off-Broadway (director)|
|1975-76||Equus||Martin Dysart||Plymouth Theatre, New York City||Broadway (replacement for Anthony Hopkins)|
|1979-80||Romantic Comedy||Jason Carmichael||Ethel Barrymore Theatre, New York City||Broadway|
|1957||Orchestra Under the Direction of Martin Paich||Epic Records|
|1958||On A Rainy Afternoon||RCA Victor|
|1958||From My Heart...||RCA Victor|