Anne of Bohemia and Hungary
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Anne of Bohemia and Hungary

Anne of Bohemia and Hungary
Hans Maler - Queen Anne of Hungary and Bohemia - WGA13895.jpg
Portrait by Hans Maler c. 1519
Queen consort of the Romans
Tenure
  • 5 January 1531 -
  • 27 January 1547
Queen consort of Bohemia and Hungary
Tenure
  • 17 December 1526 -
  • 27 January 1547
Born(1503-07-23)23 July 1503
Buda, Kingdom of Hungary
Died27 January 1547(1547-01-27) (aged 43)
Prague, Kingdom of Bohemia
Burial
Spouse
(m. 1521)
Issue
HouseJagiellon
FatherVladislaus II of Hungary
MotherAnne of Foix-Candale
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Anna of Bohemia and Hungary (23 July 1503 - 27 January 1547), sometimes known as Anna Jagellonica, was Queen of the Romans, Bohemia and Hungary as the wife of King Ferdinand I, later Holy Roman Emperor.

Family

She was the elder child and only daughter of King Vladislaus II of Bohemia and Hungary (1456-1516) and his third wife Anne of Foix-Candale.[1] King Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia was her younger brother. Her paternal grandparents were King Casimir IV of Poland (of the Jagiellon dynasty) and Elisabeth of Austria, one of the heiresses of the Kingdom of Bohemia, the Duchy of Luxembourg and the Duchy of Kujavia. Her maternal grandparents were Gaston de Foix, Count of Candale, and Catherine de Foix, an Infanta of the Kingdom of Navarre.[]

Life

Anne was born in Buda (now Budapest). The death of Vladislaus II on 13 March 1516 left both siblings in the care of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilan I. It was arranged that Anna marry his grandson, Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, second son of Queen Regnant Joanna of Castile and her late husband and co-ruler, Philip I of Castile. Anna married Ferdinand on 26 May 1521 in Linz, Austria.[1] At the time, Ferdinand was governing the Habsburg hereditary lands on behalf of his older brother Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. It was stipulated that Ferdinand should succeed Anne's brother Louis in case he died without legitimate male heirs.

Louis did indeed die without legitimate male heirs after he was thrown from his horse at the conclusion of the Battle of Mohács against Suleiman the Magnificent of the Ottoman Empire on 29 August 1526. This left the thrones of both Bohemia and Hungary vacant. Ferdinand claimed both kingdoms and was elected King of Bohemia on 24 October of the same year with Anne as his Queen.

Hungary was a more difficult case. Suleiman had annexed much of its lands. Ferdinand was proclaimed King of Hungary by a group of nobles, but another faction of Hungarian nobles refused to allow a foreign ruler to hold that title and elected John Zápolya as an alternative king. The resulting conflict between the two rivals and their successors lasted until 1570, when John's son John Sigismund gave up the title King of Hungary in favor of Ferdinand's son Maximilian as part of the terms of the Treaty of Speyer. In 1531, Ferdinand's older brother Charles V recognised Ferdinand as his successor as Holy Roman Emperor, and Ferdinand was elevated to the title King of the Romans.

Anna and Ferdinand had fifteen children, all of whom were born in Bohemia or Hungary. Both of these kingdoms had suffered for centuries from premature deaths among heirs and a shortage of succession prospects, a predicament resolved by Anne's impressive fertility. Meanwhile, Anna served as Queen Consort of Bohemia and as one of three living Queens of Hungary until her death. She died in Prague, days after giving birth to her last daughter Joanna. In 1556, Charles V abdicated and Ferdinand succeeded as emperor, nine years after Anna's death.

The Belvedere ("Queen Anne's Summer Palace"), one of the most beautiful buildings in Prague, was built for her by her husband Ferdinand on the grounds of Prague Castle starting in 1538. It was not completed in its present form until 1565, long after her death.

Children

Name Birth Death Notes
Elisabeth 9 July 1526 15 June 1545 Married the future King Sigismund II Augustus of Poland; no issue
Maximilian 31 July 1527 12 October 1576 Married his first cousin Maria of Spain; had issue
Anna 7 July 1528 16-17 October 1590 Married Albert V, Duke of Bavaria; had issue
Ferdinand 14 June 1529 24 January 1595 Married Philippine Welser; had issue; married his niece Anne Juliana Gonzaga; had issue
Maria 15 May 1531 11 December 1581 Married Wilhelm, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg; had issue
Magdalena 14 August 1532 10 September 1590 A nun
Catherine 15 September 1533 28 February 1572 Married King Sigismund II Augustus of Poland; no issue
Eleanor 2 November 1534 5 August 1594 Married William I, Duke of Mantua; had issue
Margaret 16 February 1536 12 March 1567 A nun
John 10 April 1538 20 March 1539 Died in childhood
Barbara 30 April 1539 19 September 1572 Married Alfonso II d'Este; no issue
Charles 3 June 1540 10 July 1590 Married his niece Maria Anna of Bavaria; had issue (including Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II)
Ursula 24 July 1541 30 April 1543 Died in childhood
Helena 7 January 1543 5 March 1574 A nun
Joanna 24 January 1547 10 April 1578 Married Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany; had issue

Ancestry

References

  1. ^ a b Previte-Orton 1962, p. 922.
  2. ^ a b Priebatsch, Felix (1908), "Wladislaw II.", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 54, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 688-696
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Noubel, P., ed. (1877). Revue de l'Agenais [Review of the Agenais]. 4. Société académique d'Agen. pp. 496-497.
  4. ^ a b Casimir IV, King of Poland at the Encyclopædia Britannica
  5. ^ a b Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1860). "Habsburg, Elisabeth von Oesterreich (Königin von Polen)" . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). 6. p. 167 – via Wikisource.
  6. ^ a b Pota?enko, Grigorijus (2008), Multinational Lithuania: history of ethnic minorities, ?viesa, p. 30, ISBN 9785430052508
  7. ^ a b Duczmal, Ma?gorzata (2012). Jogailai?iai (PDF) (in Lithuanian). Translated by Mikalonien?, Birut?; Jarutis, Vyturys. Vilnius: Mokslo ir enciklopedij? leidybos centras. p. 30. ISBN 978-5-420-01703-6. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 2018.
  8. ^ a b Quirin, Heinz (1953), "Albrecht II.", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 1, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, p. 154; (full text online)
  9. ^ a b Wagner, Hans (1959), "Elisabeth", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 4, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, p. 441; (full text online)
  10. ^ a b Thompson, Neil D.; Hansen, Charles M. (2012). The Ancestry of Charles II, King of England. pp. 58-63.
  11. ^ a b Courteault, Henri (1895). Gaston IV, comte de Foix, vicomte souverain de Béarn, prince de Navarre, 1423-1472 (in French). É. Privat. p. 23.
  12. ^ a b Ward, A. W.; Prothero, G. W.; Leathes, Stanley, eds. (1911). The Cambridge Modern History. Macmillan Company. p. 80.

Sources

  • Previte-Orton, C.W. (1962). The Shorter Cambridge Medieval History. II. Cambridge at the University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

External links

Media related to Anna of Bohemia and Hungary at Wikimedia Commons

Anne of Bohemia and Hungary
Cadet branch of the House of Gediminid
Born: 23 July 1503 Died: 27 January 1547
Royal titles
Preceded by
Isabella of Portugal
Queen consort of Germany
1531-1547
with Isabella of Portugal (1531-1539)
Succeeded by
Maria of Austria
Preceded by
Maria of Austria
Queen consort of Bohemia and Hungary
1526-1547

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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