Andrzej Strug
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Andrzej Strug
Andrzej Strug
Andrzej Strug
Andrzej Strug, ca. 1930
Born(1871-11-28)November 28, 1871
Lublin, Congress Poland
DiedDecember 9, 1937(1937-12-09) (aged 66)
Warsaw, Poland
NationalityPolish
Notable worksChimera
?ó?ty Krzy?

Andrzej Strug, real name Tadeusz (or Stefan)[1]Ga?ecki (sources vary; 28 November 1871/1873 in Lublin - 9 December 1937 in Warsaw) was a Polish socialist politician, publicist and activist for Poland's independence.[2] He was also a freemason and declined the offer to join the prestigious Polish Academy of Literature,[3] upset by official criticism of the movement.[4]

Career

Andrzej Strug Museum in Warsaw

Strug was active in several Polish organizations under military Partitions, and was a member of the Polish Socialist Party. In 1895 he was imprisoned by Tsarist authorities in the Warsaw Citadel, and in 1897 forcibly deported to Arkhangelsk Governorate. After another arrest in 1907, he was forced to leave the Russian Empire, exiled from the occupied Polish lands. He settled in Paris.[1]

During World War I, Strug fought in the First Brigade of the Polish Legions of Józef Pi?sudski.[5] After Poland regained its independence in 1918, Strug remained active in political and social life. He also served as the Sovereign Commander of the Supreme Council, and the Grand Master, of the National Grand Lodge of Poland.[6]

In his works, he focused on the themes of war, and Polish Legions, as well as the ideas of social justice.

Works

  • Ludzie podziemni (1908)
  • Jutro (1908)
  • Dzieje jednego pocisku (1910)
  • Ojcowie nasi (1911)
  • Portret (1912)
  • Zakopanoptikon (1913-1914)
  • Pieni?dz (1914)
  • Chimera (1918)
  • Wyspa zapomnienia (1920)
  • Odznaka za wiern? s?u?b? (1921)
  • Mogi?a nieznanego ?o?nierza (1922)
  • Pokolenie Marka ?widy (1925)
  • Fortuna kasjera ?piewankiewicza (1928)
  • Pisma (1930-1931)
  • ?ó?ty Krzy? (1932-1933)
  • Miliardy (1937)
  • W Nienadybach byczo jest (1937)

References

  1. ^ a b Czes?aw Mi?osz (1983). "The history of Polish literature". University of California Press. pp. 424, 431. Retrieved 2011.
  2. ^ Friszke, Andrzej (1989). O kszta?t niepodleg?ej. Warszawa: Biblioteka "Wi?zi". p. 51. ISBN 83-7006-014-5.
  3. ^ "Polska Akademia Literatury". Encyklopedia Onet.pl, Grupa Onet.pl SA. 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  4. ^ Przemys?aw Waingertner (2002). "Mason ofiarny (Sacrificial Mason)" (in Polish). Magazine Wprost 42/1038. Retrieved 2011.See also: Google translation from Polish.
  5. ^ Friszke, Andrzej (1989). O kszta?t niepodleg?ej. Warszawa: Biblioteka "Wi?zi". p. 55. ISBN 83-7006-014-5.
  6. ^ Henryk Michalski (2006). "Andrzej Strug (1871-1937). Freemason-revolutionist". Ars Regia Nr 2. Retrieved 2011.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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