Andrei Oi?teanu (Romanian pronunciation: [an'drej o.i?'te?anu]; born September 18, 1948) is a Romanian historian of religions and mentalities, ethnologist, cultural anthropologist, literary critic and novelist. Specialized in the history of religions and mentalities, he is also noted for his investigation of rituals and magic and his work in Jewish studies and the history of antisemitism. After the Romanian Revolution of 1989, he also became noted for his articles and essays on the Holocaust in Romania.
A founding member and researcher at the Institute for History of Religions in Bucharest (Romanian Academy), he is also the president of the Romanian Association for the History of Religions (RAHR). Andrei Oi?teanu is professor at the Department for Jewish Studies, at the University of Bucharest. He is also member of the educational board of the 'Elie Wiesel' National Institute for Studying the Holocaust in Romania and member of the editorial board of the Journal of Contemporary Antisemitism. Andrei Oi?teanu is a Knight of the Order of the Star of Romania, awarded by the Romanian President (2006), and a Commander of the Order of the Star of Italian Solidarity, awarded by the Italian President (2005).
He is the father of Amana Ferro Oisteanu, EU public affairs expert (Bruxelles) and the brother of American poet Valery Oi?teanu (New York).
Born into a Jewish family in Bucharest, Oi?teanu took a post-graduate course in Oriental Studies at the University of Bucharest (lecturers: Sergiu Al-George and Amita Bhose). During the early 1970s, he was active in Ceata Melopoic?, an experimental music and concept band led by Mircea Florian.
In 1997 he took a course in Jewish Studies at the Central European University in Budapest, Hungary (lecturers: Moshe Idel and Michael Silber). Between 1997-1999, he had a research grant at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, International Center for the Study of Antisemitism. In 2002 he had a documentary grant in Germany (Berlin, München, Frankfurt am Main, Düsseldorf) offered by Goethe Institute, a grant on "Jewish Identity and Antisemitism in Central and Eastern Europe". In 2005-2006 he had a research grant at the «New Europe College. Institute for Advanced Studies» (as 'Guest of the Rector' Andrei Ple?u) on "History of Religions in Romania".
- Gr?dina de dincolo. Zoosofia. Comentarii mitologice ("The Garden of the World Beyond. Zoosophy. Mythological Commentaries"), Dacia Publishing House, Cluj, 1980 (second edition, Polirom Publishing House, Ia?i, 2012);
- Motive ?i semnifica?ii mito-simbolice în cultura tradi?ional? româneasc? ("Mytho-Symbolical Motifs and Meanings in Romanian Traditional Culture"), Minerva Publishing House, Bucharest, 1989;
- Cutia cu b?trâni ("The Box with Old People", novel), Preface by Dan C. Mih?ilescu, Meta Publishing House, Bucharest, 1995 (second edition, Cartea Româneasc? Publishing House, Bucharest, 2005; third edition, Polirom Publishing House, Iasi, 2012);
- Mythos & Logos. Studii ?i eseuri de antropologie cultural? ("Mythos & Logos. Studies and Essays in Cultural Anthropology"), Nemira Publishing House, Bucharest, 1997 (second edition, 1998);
- Cosmos vs. Chaos. Myth and Magic in Romanian Traditional Culture, illustrated edition, Romanian Cultural Foundation Publishing House, Bucharest, 1999;
- Imaginea evreului în cultura român?. Studiu de imagologie în context est-central european ("The Image of the Jew in Romanian Culture. A Study of Imagology in Central-East European Context"), Humanitas Publishing House, Bucharest, 2001 (second edition, Humanitas, 2004; third edition, revised, enhanced and illustrated, Polirom Publishing House, Ia?i, 2012). The volume was awarded with five major prizes in Romania, Italy, Belgium and Israel;
- Das Bild des Juden in der rumänischen Volkskultur ("The Image of the Jew in Romanian Popular Culture"), Hartung-Gorre Verlag, Konstanz, 2002;
- Jewish Identity and Antisemitism in Central and South-Eastern Europe, volume edited, foreworded and illustrated by Andrei Oi?teanu, Goethe Institut, Bucharest, 2003;
- A Képzeletbeli Zsidó ("The Image of the Jew", translated in Hungarian), Kriterion Publishing House, Cluj, 2005;
- Ordine ?i Haos. Mit ?i magie în cultura tradi?ional? româneasc? ("Order & Chaos. Myth and Magic in Romanian Traditional Culture"), illustrated edition, Polirom Publishing House, Ia?i, 2004;
- Religie, politic? ?i mit. Texte despre Mircea Eliade ?i Ioan Petru Culianu ("Religion, Politics and Myth: Texts on Mircea Eliade and Ioan Petru Culianu"), Polirom Publishing House, Ia?i, 2007 (second edition, revised, enlarged, and illustrated, Polirom Publishing House, Ia?i, 2014);
- Il diluvio, il drago e il labirinto. Studi di magia e mitologia europea comparata ("The Deluge, the Dragon and the Labyrinth. Comparative Studies in European Magic and Mythology"), A cura di Dan Octavian Cepraga e Maria Bulei, Postfazione di Dan Octavian Cepraga, Edizioni Fiorini, Verona, 2008;
- Inventing the Jew. Antisemitic Stereotypes in Romanian and Other Central-East European Cultures, foreword by Moshe Idel, Nebraska University Press, Lincoln & London, 2009. The author was awarded with the Prize "A.D. Xenopol" of the Romanian Academy (Bucharest, 2011) and the Prize B'nai B'rith Europe (Bruxelles, 2015) "for an intellectual who has contributed to the changing image of the Jew in society";
- Konstruktionen des Judenbildes: Rumänische und Ostmitteleuropäische Stereotypen des Antisemitismus, Aus dem Rumänischen übersetzt von Larisa Schippel, Frank & Timme Verlag, Berlin, 2010;
- Narcotice în cultura român?. Istorie, religie ?i literatur? ("Narcotics in Romanian Culture. History, Religion and Literature"), illustrated edition, Polirom Publishing House, Ia?i, 2010 (second edition, 2011; third edition, revised and enlarged, 2014). The volume was awarded with the Special Prize of the Union of Writers from Romania;
- Les Images du Juif: Clichés antisémites dans la culture roumaine. Une approche comparative, Préface de Matei Cazacu, édition illustrée, Editions Non Lieu, Paris, 2013;
- Rauschgift in der rumaenischen Kultur: Geschichte, Religion und Literatur, Translated from Romanian by Julia Richter, Frank & Timme Verlag, Berlin, 2013;
- Andrei Oi?teanu, Andrei Ple?u, Neagu Djuvara & Adrian Cioroianu, Evreii din România ("The Jews in Romania"), Hasefer Publishing House, Bucharest, 2013;
- Sexualitate ?i societate. Istorie, religie ?i literatur? ("Sexuality and Society: History, Religion and Literature"), Illustrated edition, Polirom Publishing House, Ia?i, 2016; Second edition, revised, enlarged and illustrated, Polirom, Ia?i, 2018. Author's Prize: "The Writers of the Year 2016"
- L´immagine dell'ebreo: Stereotipi antisemiti nella cultura romena e dell'Europa centro-orientale, a cura di Francesco Testa e Horia Cicortas, Collana di Studi Ebraici, Edizioni Belforte, Livorno, 2018;