Anapa
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Anapa
Anapa

A beach in Anapa
A beach in Anapa
Flag of Anapa
Flag
Coat of arms of Anapa
Coat of arms
Location of Anapa
Anapa is located in Russia
Anapa
Anapa
Location of Anapa
Anapa is located in Krasnodar Krai
Anapa
Anapa
Anapa (Krasnodar Krai)
Coordinates: 44°52?N 37°22?E / 44.867°N 37.367°E / 44.867; 37.367Coordinates: 44°52?N 37°22?E / 44.867°N 37.367°E / 44.867; 37.367
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKrasnodar Krai[1]
Founded14th century[2]
Town status since1846[3]
Government
 o MayorYuri Polyakov
Elevation
20 m (70 ft)
Population
 o Total58,990
 o Estimate 
(2018)[5]
75,865 (+28.6%)
 o Rank280th in 2010
 o Subordinated toTown of Anapa[6]
 o Capital ofTown of Anapa[1], Anapsky District[1]
 o Urban okrugAnapa Urban Okrug[7]
 o Capital ofAnapa Urban Okrug[6]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[8])
Postal code(s)[9]
353440--353458
Dialing code(s)+7 86133
OKTMO ID03703000001
Websitewww.anapa-official.ru

Anapa (Russian: , Adyghe: ?) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the northern coast of the Black Sea near the Sea of Azov. Population: ;[4];[10].[11]

History

The archaeological site of Gorgippia

The area around Anapa was settled in antiquity. It was originally a major seaport (Sinda) and then the capital of Sindica. The colony of Gorgippia (Greek: ) was built on the site of Sinda in the 6th century BCE by Pontic Greeks, who named it after a king of the Cimmerian Bosporus. In the 2nd and 3rd centuries BCE, Gorgippia flourished as part of the Bosporan Kingdom, as did its guild of shipowners, which controlled maritime trade in the eastern part of the Black Sea. A fine statue of Neokles (a local potentate, son of Herodoros) was unearthed by Russian archaeologists and is now on exhibit at the Russian Museum. Gorgippia was inhabited until the 3rd century CE, when it was overrun by neighbouring native tribes. These tribes, of Circassian or Adyghe origin (specifically of the Natkhuay tribe[]), gave Anapa its modern name.

Later the Black Sea littoral was overrun by successive waves of Asiatic nomads, including the Sarmatians, Ostrogoths, Huns, Avars, Gokturks, Khazars,Tatars and Circassians who are native to the Northwestern Caucasus. The settlement was renamed Mapa by the Genoese at the turn of the 14th century. Genoese domination lasted until the arrival of an Ottoman fleet in 1475. The Turks later built a fort against the Russian Cossacks. The fortress was repeatedly attacked by the Russian Empire and was all but destroyed during its last siege in 1829. The town was passed to Russia after the Treaty of Adrianople (1829). See Russian conquest of the Caucasus#Black Sea Coast. It was included in Black Sea Okrug of Kuban Oblast and was granted town status in 1846.[3]

It was occupied by Ottomans between 1853-1856 during the Crimean War. It became part of Black Sea Governorate in 1896. Elizabeth Pilenko, later named as a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church, was the mayor during the Russian Revolution. It became part of Kuban-Black Sea Oblast in 1920. During World War II, it was occupied and totally demolished by Nazi Germany with the help of Romanian troops between August 30, 1942 and September 22, 1943.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Anapa serves as the administrative center of Anapsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with three rural localities, incorporated separately as the Town of Anapa--an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the territories of the Town of Anapa and of Anapsky District are incorporated as Anapa Urban Okrug.[6][7]

Commemorative coin of the Bank of Russia with a face of anapa of 10 rubles (2014)

Tourism

The town boasts a number of sanatoria and hotels. Anapa, Sochi, and several other cities along the Russian coast of the Black Sea have enjoyed a substantial increase in popularity among Russians since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, which left traditional Soviet resort cities in Georgia and Ukraine. Anapa is served by the Anapa Airport.

Anapa, like the other Black Sea coast resorts, has a superb sunny summer climate. Anapa has beautiful, mostly sandy beaches. However, Anapa seldom attracts tourists from outside Russia due to its modest infrastructure and its inconvenient accessibility from Europe via Moscow or Krasnodar. Anapa remains an attractive option for Russians who prefer the inexpensive Russian resort to other destinations.

Transportation

Transportation facilities include the Anapa Airport, a railway station, an international passenger port for small-tonnage ships, a bus station, and a network of highways.[12]

Climate

Anapa has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with mediterranean (Csa) influences at the lower elevations.[13]

Climate data for Anapa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.7
(63.9)
21.0
(69.8)
24.5
(76.1)
31.0
(87.8)
31.2
(88.2)
36.3
(97.3)
38.0
(100.4)
38.2
(100.8)
32.9
(91.2)
35.6
(96.1)
27.1
(80.8)
22.3
(72.1)
38.2
(100.8)
Average high °C (°F) 5.0
(41.0)
6.2
(43.2)
9.6
(49.3)
15.7
(60.3)
21.6
(70.9)
26.1
(79.0)
29.6
(85.3)
29.5
(85.1)
23.8
(74.8)
17.6
(63.7)
11.8
(53.2)
7.2
(45.0)
17.0
(62.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.6
(36.7)
2.7
(36.9)
6.0
(42.8)
10.7
(51.3)
16.4
(61.5)
20.5
(68.9)
24.0
(75.2)
23.3
(73.9)
18.8
(65.8)
13.0
(55.4)
8.1
(46.6)
4.3
(39.7)
12.5
(54.5)
Average low °C (°F) 0.2
(32.4)
-0.6
(30.9)
2.4
(36.3)
5.7
(42.3)
11.2
(52.2)
14.8
(58.6)
18.4
(65.1)
17.1
(62.8)
13.4
(56.1)
8.4
(47.1)
4.3
(39.7)
1.4
(34.5)
8.1
(46.6)
Record low °C (°F) -23.9
(-11.0)
-20.0
(-4.0)
-13.2
(8.2)
-5.1
(22.8)
0.7
(33.3)
1.8
(35.2)
7.1
(44.8)
4.0
(39.2)
0.8
(33.4)
-6.3
(20.7)
-12.2
(10.0)
-18.9
(-2.0)
-23.9
(-11.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 58
(2.3)
50
(2.0)
52
(2.0)
46
(1.8)
43
(1.7)
45
(1.8)
29
(1.1)
25
(1.0)
32
(1.3)
37
(1.5)
46
(1.8)
71
(2.8)
534
(21.0)
Average rainy days 13 12 13 13 11 9 7 6 9 10 13 14 130
Average snowy days 6 6 4 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 2 5 23.4
Average relative humidity (%) 81 78 77 77 77 78 71 69 72 75 79 81 76
Mean monthly sunshine hours 72.9 97.1 148.8 191.0 272.3 310.1 339.9 319.1 251.7 191.5 102.9 58.6 2,355.9
Source 1: Pogoda.ru.net[14]
Source 2: Weatherbase (sunshine hours)[15]
Average Sea Temperature (1977-2006).[16]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average temperature 6.8 °C 6.1 °C 7.4 °C 10.6 °C 15.1 °C 20.0 °C 23.1 °C 24.1 °C 21.1 °C 16.6 °C 11.9 °C 8.7 °C

Culture

The Town Theater of Anapa is located on Krymskaya Street. It was opened after the reconstruction of the Town Cultural Center.[17] There are twenty nine public libraries including four for children. In 2010 the libraries of Anapa received more than 8,000 books, and magazines and newspapers were ordered costing more than 1,000,000 roubles, in addition, nine hundred CDs were purchased.[18]

The only remaining gates of an Ottoman fort
Anonymous ruler of the city of Gorgippia (Anapa) in the Bosporan Kingdom, c. 180 AD, during the period of Roman Crimea. Or alternatively the Roman Emperor at that time, Marcus Aurelius.

There is museum of Local History (? ) on Protapova Street.[19]

Architecture and sights

List of mayors

Activities carried out in the town

Twin towns and sister cities

Anapa is twinned with:

Gallery

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f Reference Information #34.01-707/13-03
  2. ^ . Moscow ? . 2003. p. 20. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  3. ^ a b "General Information" (in Russian). Retrieved 2018.
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "? 2010 ?.  1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. ? 2010 ? [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  5. ^ "26. ? ? 1 2018 ?". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2019.
  6. ^ a b c Charter of Anapa Urban Okrug
  7. ^ a b Law #676-KZ
  8. ^ " ? ?". - ? (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved 2019.
  9. ^ . ?- ? . (Russian Post). (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  10. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). " , ? ? ? ?, ?, , ? ? - ? ? ? ? ? ? 3  ? ?" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities--Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). ? 2002 ? [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  11. ^ "? 1989 ?. ? ? ? , ? ? ?, , , ?, ? -?" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. ? 1989 ? [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). ? ? : [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  12. ^ "Archived copy" ? , ? ? , ? . Anapa.yuginform.ru (in Russian). Archived from the original on June 24, 2008. Retrieved 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "Using the Köppen classification to quantify climate variation and change". Environmental Development, volume 6, 2013. Retrieved 2017.
  14. ^ "Pogoda.ru.net" (in Russian). Retrieved 2007.
  15. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Anapa, Russia". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2013.
  16. ^ Anapa Water temperature 1977-2006 (in Russian), Retrieved August 9, 2012.
  17. ^ [Town theatre]. gorodanapa.com (in Russian).
  18. ^ ?, ?. " ". . Anapa, Russia.
  19. ^ "Archived copy" ? , . . (in Russian). ".". Archived from the original on March 21, 2012. Retrieved 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ "  -- ? -? - ?.?. ". Museum.ru. Archived from the original on January 3, 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  21. ^ ? ? ?.?. [Remnants of the Turkish fortress of Anapa and the monument to Bezkrovny]. Anapafuture.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2011.
  22. ^ ? ? ? . Anapahome.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2011.
  23. ^ ?. Turspeak.ru (in Russian).
  24. ^ "? ". ?. Eco.rian.ru (in Russian).
  25. ^ ? , ? 1917 ?. , ? ? ? [Mother Maria who was a mayor of Anapa in 1917 is canonised.]. . (in Russian). Krasnodar, Russia: ".". February 13, 2004. Retrieved 2011.
  26. ^ ; ? (September 11, 1993). ? ? ?, [Canary islands became a best resort in a world, to say nothing about Anapa.]. (in Russian). Russia. Retrieved 2011.
  27. ^ , (September 21, 2000). " ? -- ? ?" [From shock to chic]. ? (in Russian). Russia. Retrieved 2011.
  28. ^ ? ? [Anapa officially opened the holiday season]. RATA-news (in Russian). Russia. June 23, 2004. Archived from the original on February 26, 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  29. ^ ? ?. ? ?, ? . [Krasnodar Krai. Reforms, Including Staffing, Planned in Town Hall of Anapa]. Regions.ru (in Russian). Russia. December 16, 2004. Retrieved 2011.
  30. ^ ?. ? ? ? ? [A. Pakhomov assumed the position of Mayor of Anapa]. . (in Russian). Russia. March 22, 2006. Retrieved 2011.
  31. ^ , ? (April 3, 2009). ? ? [The new mayor of Anapa will assume post.] (in Russian). Russia. RIA Novosti. Retrieved 2011.
  32. ^ "www.kinoshock.ru". Archived from the original on September 28, 2019. Retrieved 2020.
  33. ^ , ? (September 15, 2010). [Moment of significance]. ? (in Russian). Belarus. Archived from the original on August 23, 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  34. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 4, 2011. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

Sources

  • ? ? ? ?. ? ? No34.01-707/13-03  23 2013 ?. « - ?». (Department of Cooperation with the Organs of the Local Self-Government of the Administration of Krasnodar Krai. Reference Information #34.01-707/13-03 of May 23, 2013 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Krasnodar Krai. ).
  • ?.  No676-  1 2004 ?. « - ? ? », ? . No1756-  3 ? 2009 ? «? ? ? ? ? ». ? ? ?  ?. : " ?", No64-65, 17 2004 ?. (Legislative Assembly of Krasnodar Krai. Law #676-KZ of April 1, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of the Resort City of Anapa and on Granting It the Status of an Urban Okrug, as amended by the Law #1756-KZ of June 3, 2009 On Amending Several Legislative Acts of Krasnodar Krai on Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • - . ? No544  16 2015 ?. «? - ». ? ? ?  ?, , ? ? ? ? ? . : " ?", No62-66, 30 2015 ?. (Council of the Municipal Formation of the Resort Town of Anapa. Decision #544 of April 16, 2015 On Adopting the Charter of the Municipal Formation of the Resort Town of Anapa. Effective as of after the official publication, with the exception of clauses which take effect on different dates.).

External links


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Anapa
 



 



 
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