Amherst, New York
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Amherst, New York
Amherst, New York
Flag of Amherst, New York
Flag
Location in Erie County and the state of New York.
Location in Erie County and the state of New York.
Location of New York in the United States
Location of New York in the United States
Amherst, New York is located in New York
Amherst, New York
Amherst, New York
Location in Erie County and the state of New York.
Amherst, New York is located in the United States
Amherst, New York
Amherst, New York
Amherst, New York (the United States)
Amherst, New York is located in North America
Amherst, New York
Amherst, New York
Amherst, New York (North America)
Coordinates: 42°58?42?N 78°48?00?W / 42.97833°N 78.80000°W / 42.97833; -78.80000Coordinates: 42°58?42?N 78°48?00?W / 42.97833°N 78.80000°W / 42.97833; -78.80000
Country United States
State New York
IncorporatedApril 10, 1818
Named forLord Jeffrey Amherst
Government
 o TypeTown Council
 o SupervisorBrian Kulpa (D)
Area
 o Total53.58 sq mi (138.78 km2)
 o Land53.20 sq mi (137.78 km2)
 o Water0.39 sq mi (1.00 km2)  0.73%
Elevation
594 ft (181 m)
Population
 o Total122,366
 o Estimate 
(2019)[2]
126,082 Increase
 o Density2,364.58/sq mi (912.96/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 o Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
14051, 14068, 14221, 14226, 14228
Area code716
FIPS code36-029-02000
Websitewww.amherst.ny.us

Amherst ([3]) is a town in Erie County, New York, United States. Amherst is the most populated town in western New York, and an inner ring suburb of Buffalo. As of the 2010 census, the town had a total population of 122,366.[4] This represents an increase of 5.0% from the 2000 census.[5]

The second largest in area and the most populous suburb of Buffalo, New York, the town of Amherst encompasses the village of Williamsville as well as the hamlets of Eggertsville, Getzville, Snyder, Swormville, and East Amherst. The town is in the northern part of Erie County and borders a section of the Erie Canal.

Amherst is home to the north campus of the University at Buffalo, the graduate campus of Medaille College, a satellite campus of Bryant & Stratton College, and Daemen College.

History

The town of Amherst was created by the State of New York on April 10, 1818 from part of the town of Buffalo (later the city of Buffalo), which itself had previously been created from the town of Clarence. Amherst was named after Lord Jeffrey Amherst, commander-in-chief of the British army in North America from 1758 to 1763. Timothy S. Hopkins was elected the first supervisor of the town in 1819. Part of Amherst was later separated to form the town of Cheektowaga on March 22, 1839.[6]

The opening of the Erie Canal in 1825 spurred Amherst's growth, bringing with it with new settlers and increased commerce. German immigrants settled in the northern part of the town as farmers, attracted by the fertile land in the area. The town's water resources encouraged the development of grist mills, saw mills, and other factories along Ellicott Creek.[7] Several communities and hamlets started to develop around this time, such as Williamsville (1810s), Eggertsville and Snyder (1830s), East Amherst and Swormville (1850s), and Getzville (1860s).

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 53.6 square miles (138.8 km2), of which 53.2 square miles (137.8 km2) is land and 0.39 square miles (1.0 km2), or 0.73%, is water.[8]

Much of Amherst was originally floodplain and marshland, portions of which have been drained in recent years to facilitate development of new homes and businesses.[] The central and southern parts of the town are heavily suburbanized. Despite this development, the hamlets of Eggertsville and Snyder and the village of Williamsville have managed to retain much of their original character. The northern part of the town is still relatively undeveloped, with the prominent exception of the portions along Niagara Falls Boulevard (U.S. Route 62) bordering the towns of Tonawanda and Wheatfield. Some sections of northern and eastern Amherst have experienced problems with collapsing residential foundations as a result of unstable soil conditions. A few active farms may still be found in the northern part of the town.[]

Amherst is bordered on the north by Tonawanda Creek and Niagara County. Ellicott Creek flows through the town.

Adjacent cities and towns

Neighborhoods

Amherst Municipal Building

Areas within Amherst are referred to by the former post office station names and are not legally incorporated. During the 1990s, many of these regional post offices were closed and consolidated into the central Amherst 14226 post office on Bailey Avenue, leaving only a Williamsville (14221) post office on Sheridan Drive, a Getzville (14068) post office on Millersport Highway, and an East Amherst (14051) post office on Transit Road. Mailing addresses to areas within the town are Amherst, East Amherst, Eggertsville, Getzville, Snyder, and Williamsville. These postal districts are still recognized by the post office and widely referred to by citizens.

Some of these mailing addresses overlap: some areas of Clarence directly east of Transit Road have Williamsville addresses, although for the purposes of taxes, schools and community resources, these people are residents of the Town of Clarence.

The areas listed below are governed and run by the Town of Amherst except for the Village of Williamsville, an independent political entity.

  • Eggertsville -- a hamlet in the southwest part of the town, bordering on Buffalo and centered around Eggert Road. Daemen College is located on Main Street (Route 5). The community is named after early postmaster Christian Eggert.
  • Getzville -- a location near the center of the town adjacent to Campbell Boulevard (Route 270) and Dodge Road. The name comes from early resident Joseph Getz.
  • Audubon - A location in the center of the town situated around John James Audubon Parkway. The town police, courthouse, and main library are located here.
  • East Amherst (formerly Transit Station) -- An unincorporated community, or hamlet, in the eastern part of the town, shared with the Town of Clarence.
  • North Bailey -- A location at the junction of Bailey Avenue and Maple Road.
  • Snyder (originally Snyderville after postmaster Michael Snyder) -- A suburban community located between Eggertsville and the village of Williamsville.
  • Swormville - A hamlet in the eastern part of the town, shared with the Town of Clarence. Named for Adam Schworm, prominent landowner and businessman.
  • West Amherst - A location in the northwestern part of the town bordered by Niagara Falls Boulevard (US 62) to the west, Sweet Home Road to the east and Maple Road to the south. Principally the section of the town which comprises the Sweet Home central school district.
  • Williamsville - an incorporated village within Amherst, located in the southern part of the town.

Climate

Amherst is among the top ten American cities (with a population greater than 50,000) in average yearly snowfall.[9] Average high temperatures from May through October range from 60 to 81 degrees. Average high temperatures from November through March range from 31 to 47 degrees.[10]

Economy

In July 2010, CNNMoney ranked Amherst 42nd in a list of the Top 100 Best Places to Live in America.[11] In 2012, CNNMoney.com ranked Amherst 50th.[12] In 2011 and 2012, Amherst was selected as one of America's 100 Best Communities for Young People by America's Promise Alliance.[13]

Arts and culture

Many festivals are celebrated in Amherst throughout the year. The town is home to the Buffalo Niagara Heritage Village.

The Town of Amherst Archival Research Center is located in the Harlem Road Community Center, 4255 Harlem Road, Amherst NY 14226 (previously housed in the Former Reformed Mennonite Church[14] which was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2003.[15])

Sports

Amherst is home to the University at Buffalo Stadium, Alumni Arena, and Amherst Audubon Field, all utilized by the University at Buffalo Buffalo Bulls.

The Northtown Center is the town's ice hockey arena. The arena is the home of the Buffalo Beauts of the National Women's Hockey League, the University at Buffalo Bulls men's ice hockey team, and the Buffalo Wings, a professional inline hockey team competing in Major League Roller Hockey.

Demographics

As of the census of 2010, there were 122,366 people, 48,894 households, and 29,840 families residing in the town. There were 51,179 housing units. The racial makeup of the town was 83.8% White, 5.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 7.9% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.5% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.3% of the population.[18]

There were 48,894 households, out of which 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.0% were non-families. 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 31.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.98.[18]

The median income for a household in the town was $55,427, and the median income for a family was $68,951. Males had a median income of $51,667 versus $32,030 for females. The per capita income for the town was $27,647. About 4.2% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.6% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.[18]

51.7% of residents (aged 25 and over) have obtained a Bachelor's degree or higher, including 26.7% with a Graduate or professional degree.[18][19]

Education

Higher education

There are five separate higher educational institutions with campuses in the town.

  • The North Campus of the University at Buffalo, a nationally ranked tier 1 research university. It is the only university in Amherst.
All university programs apart from architecture, planning, nursing, dentistry, medicine, pharmacy, and public health reside here.

Public schools

There are four separate public school districts within the town.

The largest district and comprises the eastern half of the town along with portions of the Town of Clarence. The district is ranked #1 out of 97 public school systems in Western New York.[20] Williamsville high schools were awarded Silver rankings according to 2013 U.S. News & World Report Best High Schools, and rank among the top 2-3% out of over 21,000 high schools nationally.[21]
Covering the southwestern portion of the town with its core in the Eggertsville and Snyder areas.
Covering the northwestern portion of the town along with portions of the Town of Tonawanda with its core in West Amherst and Getzville.[22]

Government

Crime and public safety

Town of Amherst police Ford Taurus

As of 2014, the Amherst Police Department employed 154 officers and 35 full and part-time civilian employees including the Chief, Assistant Chief, and eight captains.[23]

Amherst has been ranked as the "Safest City in America" 1996-1998, 2000-2003, and 2010.[] In many other years it ranked in the top 5. The ranking is based on annual reports by the FBI, including crime statistics in six categories: murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, and auto theft.

In 2006, Amherst was ranked the second safest city in the United States, after Brick Township, New Jersey.[24] In 2011, it ranked 6th safest out of 400 cities.[25] Most recently in 2014, Amherst was ranked the #1 Safest City in America with a population between 100,000 and 500,000.[26]

Media

The Amherst Bee installed Amherst's first telephone line.[27]

Amherst is served by the Amherst Bee newspaper. In 1969 Paul Kurtz founded the publishing house Prometheus Books in Amherst.

Infrastructure

Millard Filmore Suburban Hospital is located in the center of town on Maple Road.[28]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2017.
  3. ^ "Amherst". Dictionary.com. Retrieved 2014.
  4. ^ "US Census Bureau 2010" (PDF). Retrieved 2012.
  5. ^ Patrick, Klinck. "Census Results: Amherst Shows Modest Growth Since 2000". Retrieved 2012.
  6. ^ Amherst Museum (1997). "A brief history of the Town of Amherst" (PDF). Town of Amherst. Retrieved .
  7. ^ ""History of the town of Amherst" (1818 - 1965)".
  8. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Amherst town, Erie County, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved 2016.[dead link]
  9. ^ Top 101 Snowiest Cities
  10. ^ "Weatherbase Weather Data". Retrieved 2012.
  11. ^ "Best Places to Live 2010". CNNMoney. August 2010. Archived from the original on October 20, 2012. Retrieved 2015.
  12. ^ "CNN Money Best Places to Live 2012". Retrieved 2012.
  13. ^ "America's Promise Alliance 100 Best Communities for Young people". Retrieved 2012.
  14. ^ Claire L. Ross (November 2002). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Former Reformed Mennonite Church". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Archived from the original on 2012-06-10. Retrieved .See also: "Accompanying four photos". Archived from the original on 2012-06-10. Retrieved .
  15. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  16. ^ " Fourteenth census of the United States, 1920, 1910, 1900" Department of Commerce and Labor. (1921), page 532. Retrieved 2013-02-16.
  17. ^ "Decade of change - population and housing trends" (PDF). Town of Amherst. 2003. p. 12. Retrieved 2013.
  18. ^ a b c d "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved .
  19. ^ "U.S. Census website". U.S. Census. Retrieved 2013.
  20. ^ Thomas, Scott. "2012 school district rankings for Western New York". Retrieved 2012.
  21. ^ "2013 US News and World Report Best High Schools". Retrieved 2013.
  22. ^ "Town of Amherst Schools and Education". Retrieved 2012.
  23. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-11-24. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  24. ^ City Crime Rankings by Population Group Archived 2007-01-05 at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ "CQ Press City Crime Rankings: 2010-2011". Retrieved 2012.
  26. ^ http://www.infoplease.com/us/cities/safest-dangerous-cities.html
  27. ^ Grande, Joseph A. (2004-09-01). Amherst. Arcadia Publishing. p. 39. ISBN 9781439615942.
  28. ^ "Town of Amherst website". Retrieved 2012.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Amherst,_New_York
 



 



 
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