Aljustrel
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Aljustrel

Aljustrel (Portuguese pronunciation: [u?'t]) is a town and a municipality in the Portuguese district of Beja. The population in 2011 was 9,257,[1] in an area of 458.47 km².[2] The present mayor is Nelson Domingos Brito, elected by the Socialist Party. The municipal holiday is June 13.

History

During the Roman era, Aljustrel was known as Metallum Vispascense.

In 1235, Aljustrel was conquered from the Moors by King D. Sancho II.[3]

The first foral (charter) was only conceded by King Sancho in 1252.[3]

A new foral was issued on 20 September 1510, by King D. Manuel I.[3]

On 28 January 2013, the civil parishes of Aljustrel and Rio dos Minhos were aggregated into one local authority called Aljustrel (Decree 11-A/2013, Diário da República, Série 1, 19).[3]

Geography

Administratively, the municipality is divided into 4 civil parishes:[4]

International relations

Its French twin town is Hem, in the Nord département.

Architecture

Civic

  • Cinema/Theatre of Aljustrel (Portuguese: Cine-Teatro de Aljustrel/Cine Oriental)
  • Fountain of Alonso Gomes (Portuguese: Chafariz de Alonso Gomes)
  • Mines of Aljustrel (Portuguese: Minas de Aljustrel)
  • Mines of São João do Deserto (Portuguese: Termas de São João do Deserto/Minas de São João do Deserto)
  • Municipal Palace/Hall of Messejana (Portuguese: Câmara Municipal, Cadeia Comarcã e Torre do Relógio de Messejana)
  • Museum of the Santa Casa da Misericórdia (Portuguese: Casa da Rua do Espírito Santo, 5/Museu da Santa Casa da Misericórdia de Messejana)
  • Pillory of Messejana (Portuguese: Pelourinho de Messejana)
  • Residence of the Majorat Moreiras (Portuguese: Casa dos Morgados Moreiras)

Military

Religious

  • Chapel of the Santa Casa da Misericórdia (Portuguese: Capela da Santa Casa da Misericórdia de Aljustrel)
  • Chapel of São Pedro (Portuguese: Capela de São Pedro)
  • Church of Nossa Senhora da Assunção (Portuguese: Ermida de Nossa Senhora da Assunção/Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Assunção)
  • Church of Nossa Senhora do Castelo (Portuguese: Igreja de Nossa Senhora do Castelo)
  • Church of Nossa Senhora do Rosário (Portuguese: Igreja Paroquial de Messejana/Igreja de Nossa Senhora dos Remédios)
  • Church of the Santa Casa da Misericórdia of Messejana (Portuguese: Igreja da Santa Casa da Misericórdia de Messejana)
  • Church of the Santissimo Salvador (Portuguese: Igreja Paroquial de Aljustrel/Igreja do Santíssimo Salvador)
  • Church of São João (Portuguese: Igreja Paroquial de São João de Negrilhos/Igreja de Montes Velhos/Igreja de São João)
  • Church of São Julião (Portuguese: Igreja Paroquial de Ervidel/Igreja de São Julião)
  • Hermitage of Santa Margarida (Portuguese: Ermida de Santa Margarida)
  • Stations of the Cross of Messejana (Portuguese: Passos da Via Sacra de Messejana)

References

  1. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  2. ^ Áreas das freguesias, concelhos, distritos e país
  3. ^ a b c d Costa, Anouk; Morgado, Cláudia; Vale, Rita (2010), Núcleo urbano da vila de Aljustrel (IPA.00027965/PT040201010025) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA - Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, retrieved 2016
  4. ^ DRE (ed.), Law nr. 11-A/2013 (pdf) (in Portuguese), Diário da República, pp. 552 10, retrieved 2014



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Aljustrel
 



 



 
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