Aline Rhonie Hofheimer
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Aline Rhonie Hofheimer
Aline Rhonie with her aviation history mural

Aline "Pat" Rhonie Hofheimer Brooks (August 16, 1909 - January 7, 1963) was an American aviator. Rhonie had several firsts as a pilot and was one of the pioneering women aviation pilots in World War II. She became one of the first members of the Women's Auxiliary Ferrying Squadron (WAFS). Rhonie also drove an ambulance in France. Rhonie is also known for her aviation history mural which is now located at Vaughn College of Aeronautics and Technology.

Biography

Aline Rhonie was born as Aline Rhonie Hofheimer in York, Pennsylvania, on August 16, 1909.[1] She was born into the notable Hofheimer family of York township.[2] She moved from York to New Jersey at the age of three.[3] Rhonie attended Dalton School in New York.[4]

Rhonie married Richard Bamberger, a member of a wealthy New York family, when she was 17.[5] She became interested in flying after helping two pilots who had crash-landed near her grandfather's golf course.[5]

She moved to Reno, Nevada, when she was 19.[5] Aline Rhonie learned to fly at the age of 21.[6] She started flying in a De Havilland Moth with a Gypsy engine.[1] She received her transport license in 1931,[7] and her English pilot's license in 1936.[2] She was the first American to receive an Irish Commercial license in 1938.[8]

Rhonie divorced Bamberger in December 1930 in Reno.[9] After the divorce, she took her middle name, Rhonie, as her last name.[4] A year later, she met a nephew of Lady Astor, Reginal Langhorne Brooks.[5] Brooks was a Marine Corps aviator and was learning Morse code, which he shared with Rhonie.[5] When they got married in 1933, they flew 17,000 miles in separate planes to their honeymoon, flying through various locations including the West Indies and Mexico.[5][4] Rhonie was the first woman to fly solo from New York to Mexico City.[10][11] Later, in 1937, Brooks divorced Rhonie.[12]

During World War II, she participated in the British war relief effort.[5] She first applied to ferry planes from Britain to France, but since she wasn't British, was rejected.[13] Instead, she started driving an ambulance in France. In 1940, she took leave to raise money to build canteens for Allied pilots working at the war's front lines.[13] She had been made an American liaison officer for the Aero club in France.[14] Rhonie was one of the nine original women who were part of the Women's Auxiliary Ferrying Squadron (WAFS).[15]

After the war, Rhonie learned mural painting from the Mexican painter Diego Rivera.[16] Rivera taught her how to paint in the fresco style.[10] Her best known mural is a 126-foot-long (38 m), 1,400-square-foot (130 m2) fresco representing aviation history at a hangar in Roosevelt Field, Long Island, which has since been relocated to the Vaughn College of Aeronautics and Technology in Queens, New York.[16][6] Rhonie did the research for the mural herself and she worked on it between 1934 and 1938.[17] When Rhonie found out that the hangar at Roosevelt Field was going to be destroyed in 1960, she obtained the rights to the mural and convinced Italian fresco expert, Leonetto Tintori, to come to the U.S. to help relocate the mural.[18] After the mural was taken down, she helped restore the panels and then added 25 more portraits.[18]

She died on January 7, 1963, in Palm Beach, Florida, at the age of 54.[11]

Awards and honors

Rhonie won several awards and recognitions, including membership of the French national association of the Croix de Guerre for her service in the French Red Cross, Médaille de la Reconnaissance française, and was made a Companion of the Ordre de la Libération.[19] She was inducted into the New Jersey Aviation Hall of Fame in 2010.[16] A collection of her papers was donated to the National Air and Space Museum of the Smithsonian Institution in 2014.[20]

References

  1. ^ a b "Aline Rhonie, Aviatrix". OpenCockpit.net. Archived from the original on 13 August 2018. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ a b Levoy, Laurie (March 13, 2010). "Warren aviator to be honored on C-SPAN program". Asbury Park Press. Warren.[dead link]
  3. ^ "York-born aviatrix honored with Congressional medal". The York Daily Record. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved .
  4. ^ a b c "Society Flier Weds Mrs. Aline Rhonie, Hofheimer Heiress". The Courier-News. 26 May 1933. Retrieved .
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Dorrity, Bernard (15 January 1950). "Aline Remembers Grandpa". The Atlanta Constitution. Retrieved – via Newspapers.com.
  6. ^ a b "Heiress 'Does Something'". Star Tribune. 6 November 1949. Retrieved – via Newspapers.com.
  7. ^ "Happy Day". The Pittsburgh Press. 28 December 1931. Retrieved – via Newspapers.com.
  8. ^ "One of Warren's proudest daughters named to state's Aviator's Hall of Fame". Retrieved 2018.
  9. ^ "Girl Flier Hurt". The Danville Morning News. 26 January 1931. Retrieved – via Newspapers.com.
  10. ^ a b McCarthy, Julia (14 August 1938). "1 Up on Corrigan, She Has an Irish License". Daily News. Retrieved – via Newspapers.com.
  11. ^ a b "Miss Aline Rhonie, Pioneer Aviatrix". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 9 January 1963. Retrieved – via Newspapers.com.
  12. ^ "Divorced in Reno". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 2 June 1937. Retrieved – via Newspapers.com.
  13. ^ a b Robb, Inez (23 May 1940). "Aline Rhonie Believes U.S. Should Train Women As Liaison Fliers in War". The Courier-Journal. Retrieved – via Newspapers.com.
  14. ^ "Junior Aviators to Hear Girl Ambulance Driver". The Akron Beacon Journal. 20 August 1940. Retrieved – via Newspapers.com.
  15. ^ Rickman, Sarah Byrn (2008). Nancy Love and the WASP Ferry Pilots of World War II. University of North Texas Press. p. 63. ISBN 9781574412413.
  16. ^ a b c Levoy, Laurie (23 May 2010). "N.J. Aviation Hall to Induct Pioneers". The Courier-News. Retrieved – via Newspapers.com.
  17. ^ "Aline Rhonie Papers 1920s-1990s". National Air and Space Museum. 2016-05-13. Archived from the original on 13 January 2019. Retrieved .
  18. ^ a b Maksel, Rebecca (14 August 2015). "Artist Aline Rhonie Tried to Capture All of Early Aviation in a Single Painting". Air & Space Magazine. Archived from the original on 23 May 2016. Retrieved .
  19. ^ "Mrs. Aline Brooks receives honour". Palm Beach Daily News. 26 February 1958.[dead link]
  20. ^ "Acquisitions - National Air and Space Museum". airandspace.si.edu. Retrieved 2018.

External links


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