Ali ibn al-Madini
Ali ibn al-Madini's name in Arabic calligraphy
Ab? al-?asan ?Al? ibn ?Abdill?h ibn Ja?far al-Mad?n? (778 CE/161 AH - 849/234) (Arabic: ? ? ?) was a ninth-century Sunni Islamic scholar who was influential in the science of hadith. Alongside Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Ibn Abi Shaybah and Yahya ibn Ma'in, Ibn al-Madini has been considered by many Muslim specialists in hadith to be one of the four most significant authors in the field.
Ibn al-Mad?n? was born in the year 778 CE/161 AH in Basra, Iraq to a family with roots in Medina now in Saudi Arabia. His teachers include his father, ?Abdull?h ibn Ja?far, ?amm?d ibn Yaz?d, Hushaym and Sufy?n ibn ?Uyaynah and other from their era. His teacher, Ibn ?Uyaynah, said that he had learned more from Ibn al-Mad?n?, his student, than his student from him.
Ibn al-Mad?n? specialized in the disciplines of hadith, biographical evaluation and al-?Ilal, hidden defects, in the sanad, chain of narration. He was praised by other hadith specialists for his prowess in that field--by both his contemporaries, students and his teachers. ?Abd al-Ra?m?n ibn Mahd?, a scholar who preceded him, described Ibn al-Mad?n? the most knowledgeable person of prophetic hadith.
His students include prominent hadith scholars in their own right. They include: Mu?ammad ibn Ya?y? al-Dhuhal?, Mu?ammad ibn Isml al-Bukh?r?, Ab? D?w?d Sulaym?n ibn al-Ash?ath al-Sijist?n? and others. Al-Bukh?r?, who went on the collect what is considered to be the most authentic collection of hadith in Sunni Islam, said that he did not consider himself diminutive in comparison to anyone other than Ibn al-Mad?n?.
Al-Dhahab? lauded Ibn al-Mad?n? as an im?m and as exemplary to subsequent scholars in the field in hadith, a description he considered tarnished by Ibn al-Mad?n?'s adopted position in the theological inquisition of the ninth century. According to Al-Dhahab?, he adopted a position in favor of the Mu?tazilah regarding the uncreated origin of the Quran, but later regretted this and declared the claimant that the Quran was created as an apostate.