Alexandra of Lithuania
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Alexandra of Lithuania

Alexandra of Lithuania
Duchess consort of Masovia
Bornlate 1360s or early 1370s
Vilnius
Died(1434-04-20)20 April 1434
P?ock
Noble familyGediminids (by birth)
House of Piast (by marriage)
Spouse(s)Siemowit IV, Duke of Masovia
Issue
Kazimierz II of Masovia
Trojden II of Masovia
W?adys?aw I of P?ock
Siemowit V of Masovia
Alexander of Masovia
Euphemia of Masovia
Cymburgis of Masovia
Jadwiga of Masovia
Amelia of Masovia
Anna of Masovia
Maria of Masovia
Alexandra of Masovia
Catherine of Masovia
FatherAlgirdas
MotherUliana of Tver

Alexandra (Polish: Aleksandra, Lithuanian: Aleksandra; died 20 April 1434 in P?ock)[1] was the youngest daughter of Algirdas, Grand Duke of Lithuania, and his second wife, Uliana of Tver.[2] Though Alexandra's exact date of birth is not known, it is thought that she was born in the late 1360s or early 1370s. In 1387, she married Siemowit IV, Duke of Masovia, and bore him thirteen children.

Life

On 12 December 1385, few months after the Union of Krewo, Siemowit IV, Duke of Masovia, reached a compromise with king Jadwiga of Poland and her intended consort king Jogaila (W?adys?aw II Jagieo), brother of Alexandra. Siemowit IV agreed to cease his rival claims to the Kingdom of Poland, pay homage to Jadwiga and Jogaila, and to assume position of a hereditary vassal to the Polish Crown in exchange for 10,000 Prague groschen and fief Duchy of Belz. The agreement was solidified by marriage of Siemowit IV and Alexandra in 1387.[3]

Alexandra died and was buried in P?ock. Her final resting place is likely a church of the Dominican Order.[4]

Issue

In her union with Siemowit, Alexandra bore 13 children--five sons and eight daughters.

Sons:

Daughters:

Grandchildren of Alexandra and Siemowit IV included Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor, Przemyslaus II, Duke of Cieszyn, Sophie of Pomerania, Duchess of Pomerania and Dorothy Garai.

References

  1. ^ Edvardas Gudavi?ius (2001). "Aleksandra". In Antanas Ra?is (ed.). Visuotin? lietuvi? enciklopedija (in Lithuanian). I. Vilnius: Mokslo ir enciklopedij? leidybos institutas. p. 306. ISBN 5-420-01485-8.
  2. ^ a b Vaclovas Bir?i?ka, ed. (1933-1944). "Aleksandra". Lietuvi?koji enciklopedija (in Lithuanian). I. Kaunas: Spaudos Fondas. p. 219.
  3. ^ Stone, Daniel (2001). The Polish-Lithuanian State, 1386-1795. A History of East Central Europe. University of Washington Press. p. 7. ISBN 0-295-98093-1.
  4. ^ Jasi?ski, Kazimierz (1998). Rodowód Piastów mazowieckich. Pozna? - Wroc?aw: Wydawnictwo Historyczne. p. 90. ISBN 83-913563-0-2.

Karol Piotrowicz, w: Polski S?ownik Biograficzny/ Polish Biographical Dictionary. T. 1. Kraków: Polska Akademia Umiej?tno?ci - Sk?ad G?ówny w Ksi?garniach Gebethnera i Wolffa, 1935, p. 66-67

External links


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