Alexander Ormiston Curle FSAS CVO LL.D. (1866-1955) was a Scottish lawyer and archaeologist who rose to be Director of the National Museum of Scotland from 1913 to 1919 and Director of the Royal Scottish Museum on Chambers Street in Edinburgh 1916 to 1931. He was also Secretary and later a Commissioner of the Royal Commission on the Ancient Monuments of Scotland. He was brother to the archaeologist James Curle.
Despite training as a lawyer his interests quickly changed to archaeology and antiquarianism. He published 11 archaeological papers between 1896 and 1908. In 1908 he was appointed Secretary of the newly created Royal Commission of Ancient Monuments of Scotland. From August 1908 until February 1909 he set out to record all of Scotland's important monuments, undertaking the 300 mile trip largely by bicycle. Thus was created the first Inventory of Ancient Monuments. In Edinburgh he lived at 8 South Learmonth Gardens.
In 1913 he succeeded Joseph Anderson as Director of the National Museum of Scotland. In 1913 he excavated a vitrified fort in Dalbeattie in south-west Scotland. In 1919 he made his most important archaeological find, a large concealment of Roman and Gallic silver plateware at Traprain Law. In 1916 he succeeded Sir Thomas Carlaw Martin as Director of the Royal Scottish Museum.
In 2006 a plaque was unveiled at his family home at Priorwood in Melrose, naming him and his brother James as two of the three archaeological giants in Scotland.
He was married to Jocelyn Winifred Butler. She died in 1925 and is buried in the modern north extension of Dean Cemetery.
Their children included Mary Christian Curle (1904-1970)