|Prince of Serbia|
|Reign||14 September 1842 -|
|Predecessor||Mihailo Obrenovi? III|
|Successor||Milo? Obrenovi? I|
|Born||11 October 1806|
|Died||3 May 1885 (aged 78)|
(m. 1830; died 1873)
Alexander Kara?or?evi?, Prince of Serbia
|Reference style||His Serene Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Serene Highness|
On 1 June 1830 in Hotin, Bessarabia, he married Persida Nenadovi? (15 February 1813 - 29 March 1873), daughter of Voivode Jevrem Nenadovi? (1793-1867) and Jovanka Milovanovi? (1792-1880). They had ten children:
After the Sultan's decree acknowledging the title of Prince Mihailo Obrenovi? at the end of 1839, the family returned to Serbia. Alexander joined the Headquarters of the Serbian Army, and was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant and appointed as adjutant to Prince Mihailo.
After the political conflicts caused by disrespect of the so-called "Turkish constitution," and Milo? Obrenovi?'s and then Mihailo Obrenovi?'s abdications, Aleksandar Kara?or?evi? was elected the Prince of Serbia at the National Assembly in Vra?ar, a municipality in modern Belgrade, on 14 September 1842. Having had his title acknowledged by Russia and Turkey, Prince Aleksandar started the reforms and founded a number of new institutions in order to improve the progress of the Serbian state. He implemented the code of civil rights, introduced the regular Army, built a cannon foundry, improved the existing schools and founded new ones, as well as established the National Library and National Museum.
During the Hungarian Revolution in Vojvodina, in 1848, Prince Aleksandar Kara?or?evi? sent Serbian volunteers under the command of Stevan Kni?anin to help the Serbs' struggle for autonomy. As a follow-up of the national-political movements of 1848, the pan-slavistic idea of a Yugoslav Monarchy emerged. The "Na?ertanije" (the "Draft") document, written as a Serbian political program by Ilija Gara?anin four years earlier, made the mission of replacing the Austrian and Turkish domination of all Southern Slavs with the Serbian rule under the banner of "Serbia."
Throughout his reign, Prince Alexander was troubled with Obrenovi? plots. By his refusal to take part in the Crimean War as an ally of the French, British and Ottoman Empires against the Russian Empire. The result was his overthrow and departure into exile in 1858 by the winners of the Powers in the war and bringing the rival Obrenovi? dynasty to the throne of the Principality of Serbia.
In internal policy Prince Aleksandar came into conflict with the members of the Council, which culminated in the convocation of the Saint Andrew's Day Assembly, in December 1858, which forced him to abdicate.
Prince Alexander died in Timi?oara on 3 May 1885. He was buried in Vienna, and his earthly remains were moved in 1912 to the Memorial Church of St. George built by his son Petar I Kara?or?evi?, in Oplenac, Serbia.