|Born||3 September 1927|
Hlusha, Minsk Voblast, Belarus
|Died||26 January 1994|
|Occupation||Writer and critic|
Ales Adamovich (Belarusian: , Russian: , 3 September 1927 in Hlu?a Minsk Voblast, Belarus, USSR - 26 January 1994 in Moscow, Russia) was a Belarusian Soviet writer and a critic, Professor and Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Doctor of Philosophy in philology, Doctorate in 1962 (a degree in Russia corresponding to Habilitation); member of the Supreme Soviet (1989-92). He wrote in Russian and Belarusian.
He is best known for The Khatyn Story, The Blockade Book and writing screenplay for Soviet movie Come and See. He is highly regarded for his austere yet deeply humane antiwar stance, moral courage and uncompromising honesty.
Ales Adamovich was born Aliaksandar Mikhailavich Adamovich on 3 September 1927 at a village in the Minsk Oblast. Both his parents were doctors. During World War II Adamovich, a teenager, still a school student, became a partisan unit member in 1942-1943. During this time, the Nazis systematically torched hundreds of Belarusian villages and exterminated their inhabitants. Later, he wrote one of his most recognized works, The Khatyn Story, and the screenplay for the film Come and See, which was based on his real-life experiences as a messenger and a guerilla fighter during the war.
Starting in 1944, he resumed his education. After the war, he entered the Belarusian State University where he studied in the philology department and where he completed graduate course; he later studied in Moscow at the Higher Courses for Screenwriters and in the Moscow State University. Starting in the 1950s in Minsk, he worked in the field of philology and literary criticism; later also in cinematography. Was a member of the Union of Soviet Writers since 1957. In 1976 was awarded the Yakub Kolas Belarus State prize in literature for The Khatyn Story. He lived and worked in Moscow since 1986 and was an active member of the Belarusian community of that city.
In late 1980s Ales Adamovich supported the creation of the Belarusian Popular Front but did not become a member of the movement. In 1989 Adamovich became one of the first members of the Belarusian PEN center (Vasil Byka? was founder and president of the Belarusian PEN). In 1994 the Belarusian PEN Center instituted the Ales Adamovich Literary Prize, a literary award to the gifted writers and journalists. The prize is awarded annually on 3 September (Ales Adamovich's birthday) at the award ceremony that is usually part of the annual international conference.
Ales Adamovich's writings received translation into over 20 languages. Svetlana Alexievich, the Belarusian winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature 2015, names Adamovich as "her main teacher, who helped her to find a path of her own".
In 1997 Ales Adamovich was recognized (posthumously) with the "Honor and Dignity of Talent" award (" ? ?"). Recipients of this noble award include Dmitry Likhachev, Victor Astafiev, Chingiz Aitmatov, Vasil Byka?, Fazil Iskander, Boris Slutsky, Bulat Okudzhava.