Albrecht von Württemberg
Duke Albrecht, ca. 1905
Albrecht Herzog von Württemberg
|Born||23 December 1865|
Vienna, Austrian Empire
|Died||31 October 1939 (aged 73)|
Altshausen, Nazi Germany
|Service/||Imperial German Army|
|Years of service||1883-1919|
|Commands held||German 4th Army (1914-1917)|
Army Group Albrecht (1917-1918)
|Battles||First World War|
|Spouse(s)||Archduchess Margarete Sophie of Austria|
Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg (German: Albrecht Herzog von Württemberg Albrecht Maria Alexander Philipp Joseph von Württemberg, 23 December 1865 - 31 October 1939) was the last Württemberger crown prince, a German military commander of the First World War, and the head of the House of Württemberg from 1921 to his death.
When World War I began, Duke Albrecht's VI Inspectorate Corps was formed into the 4th Army, 123 battalions strong. As King William II had no sons, Albrecht was appointed the army's commander and assigned to the Ardennes, with Walther von Lüttwitz serving as his Chief of Staff. This army he led to victory alongside Crown Prince Wilhelm's 5th Army at the Battle of the Ardennes in August 1914. Following that victory, the 4th Army saw action in the First Battle of the Marne before being transferred to Flanders in October, where Albrecht commanded them during the Battle of the Yser. Albrecht also commanded the German forces during the Second Battle of Ypres, where poison gas was used on a large scale for the first time.
Albrecht was awarded the Pour le Mérite in August 1915 and promoted to Generalfeldmarschall in August 1916. The new Army Group Albrecht was placed under his command in February 1917 and he was responsible for the southern sector of the Western Front until the Armistice.
Albrecht had become heir presumptive to the Kingdom of Württemberg following the death of his father in October 1917, but the German Empire's World War I defeat and the abdication of his cousin King Willhelm II of Württemberg following the German Revolution prevented him from ever succeeding to the throne. He became head of the House of Württemberg after the death of Wilhelm on October 2, 1921.
|Ancestors of Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg|
Albrecht, Duke of WürttembergBorn: 23 December 1865 Died: 31 October 1939
|Titles in pretence|
|-- TITULAR --
King of Württemberg
2 October 1921 - 31 October 1939
Reason for succession failure:
Kingdom abolished in 1918
Duke Philipp Albrecht
Formed from VI Army Inspectorate
| Commander, 4th Army
2 August 1914 - 25 February 1917
General der Infanterie Friedrich Bertram Sixt von Armin