Aki Province
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Aki Province
Aki

Province
Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Aki Province highlighted
Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Aki Province highlighted
CountryJapan
IslandHonsh?
RegionCh?goku

Aki Province (/, Aki no kuni) or Geish? (/) was a province in the Ch?goku Region of western Honsh?, comprising the western part of what is today Hiroshima Prefecture.[1]

When Emperor Sh?mu ordered two official temples for each province (one for male Buddhist priests and one for nuns), two temples were founded in Aki Province. The provincial temple was founded in present-day Saij?, Higashihiroshima.

In the late Heian Period (12th century), Aki Province became well known for the Itsukushima Shrine. Taira no Kiyomori realized the shrine's importance and donated funds for a new complex of buildings and sutra scrolls. Itsukushima (Miyajima) had a good sea port and had clear strategic significance.

In the Sengoku Period, it was the original seat of the M?ri clan until 1600. In 1555, M?ri Motonari won the Battle of Itsukushima against Sue Harutaka and established his power in the western part of Honsh?.

M?ri Terumoto, one of the Council of Five Elders Toyotomi Hideyoshi appointed for his son Hideyori, sided with Ishida Mitsunari before the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600, and lost Aki and many of his other domains.

After a short rule by Fukushima Masanori, in 1619, Asano Nagaakira was appointed as the daimy? of Hiroshima with 420,000 koku. Until the Meiji Restoration, the Asano governed almost all the province.

Aki Province was abolished in 1871, and renamed to Hiroshima Prefecture. After some mergers the current area of Hiroshima Prefecture was established.

Shrines and temples

Itsukushima jinja was the chief Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) of Aki. [2]

Historical districts

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Aki no kuni" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 18, p. 18, at Google Books.
  2. ^ "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 3 Archived 2013-05-17 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-11-20.

References

  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

External links

Media related to Aki Province at Wikimedia Commons


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