|President Emeritus of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See|
Cardinal-Priest of Santi Angeli Custodi a Città Giardino
|Appointed||5 November 1998|
|Term ended||1 October 2002|
|Ordination||26 June 1949|
|Consecration||28 February 1976|
by Jean-Marie Villot
|Created cardinal||21 February 2001|
|Born||14 August 1926|
|Alma mater||Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy|
|Motto||In Virtute Dei|
|Coat of arms|
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
Agostino Cacciavillan (born 14 August 1926) is an Italian prelate of the Catholic Church, a cardinal since 2001. He worked in the diplomatic service of the Holy See from 1959 to 1998; he was given the titles of archbishop and nuncio in 1998 and served as Pro-Nuncio to Kenya, India, Nepal, and the United States between 1976 and 1998. He then worked in the Roman Curia from 1998 to 2002 as President of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See.
Cacciavillan was born in Novale di Valdagno. He studied at the seminary of Vicenza, and was ordained to the priesthood on 26 June 1949. He served as a curate for three years and then obtained a licentiate in social sciences at the Pontifical Gregorian University and at Sapienza University earned a doctorate in jurisprudence. In preparation for a diplomat's career, he completed the course of study at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy in 1957.
He entered the diplomatic service of the Holy See in 1959. He served as secretary of the nunciature to the Philippines (1960-1964), of the nunciature to Spain (1964-1968), and of the nunciature to Portugal (1968). From 1969 to 1974, he worked in the Vatican Secretariat of State, where he was also head of the Office of Information and Documentation. He was raised to the rank of Honorary Prelate on 26 August 1973.
On 17 January 1976, Cacciavillan was appointed Pro-Nuncio to Kenya and Apostolic Delegate to the Seychelles, as well as Titular Archbishop of Amiternum, by Pope Paul VI. He received his episcopal consecration on 21 February from Cardinal Jean-Marie Villot, with Archbishop Duraisamy Simon Lourdusamy and Bishop Carlo Fanton serving as co-consecrators, at St. Peter's Basilica. He selected as his episcopal motto: "In Virtute Dei".
While nuncio to Kenya, Cacciavillan also served as Permanent Observer to the United Nations Environment Programme and the United Nations Human Settlements Programme. He was named Pro-Nuncio to India on 9 May 1981, and the first Pro-Nuncio to Nepal on 30 April 1985. On 13 June 1990, he was named to succeed Archbishop Pio Laghi as Pro-Nuncio to the United States and Permanent Observer of the Holy See to the Organization of American States. He also served as the Holy See's representative to the World Association of Jurists.
While nuncio to the United States, Cacciavillan recalled years later, he received a phone call in 1994 from a woman warning of a "media scandal" if Pope John Paul II's 1995 visit to the United States included Newark, where Archbishop Theodore McCarrick was the subject of rumors about inappropriate behavior with seminarians. He said that he forwarded the information to Cardinal John O'Connor of New York and did not contact the Vatican.
On 5 November 1998, Pope John Paul II appointed Cacciavillan President of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See, which deals with the "properties owned by the Holy See in order to provide the funds necessary for the Roman Curia to function." He was created Cardinal-Deacon of Santi Angeli Custodi a Città Giardino in the consistory of 21 February 2001. He retired from his post as president on 1 October 2002. Cacciavillan was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2005 papal conclave that selected Pope Benedict XVI.
Following the elevation of Cardinal Darío Castrillón Hoyos to the rank of Cardinal-Priest on 1 March 2008, Cacciavillan, as the longest serving Cardinal-Deacon, became Cardinal Protodeacon, who makes the Habemus Papam announcement upon the conclusion of a papal conclave. He lost this position on 21 February 2011, having opted to join the order of Cardinal Priest. In the Roman Curia, he was a member of the Congregation for Bishops, Congregation for Oriental Churches, Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, Congregation for the Causes of Saints, Pontifical Council for the Interpretation of Legislative Texts, Pontifical Commission for Latin America, and Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State. He lost these positions on reaching his 80th birthday.
| Apostolic Pro-Nuncio to India
9 May 1981 - 13 June 1990
| Apostolic Pro-Nuncio to the United States
13 June 1990 - 5 November 1998
Gabriel Montalvo Higuera
as Apostolic Nuncio
|Catholic Church titles|
| President of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See
5 November 1998 - 1 October 2002
Darío Castrillón Hoyos
| Cardinal Protodeacon
1 March 2008 - 21 February 2011