|? / A?ul al|
|Native to||Russia, also spoken in Azerbaijan|
|29,300 (2010 census)|
Official language in
In 2002, Aghul was spoken by 28,300 people in Russia, mainly in Southern Dagestan, as well as 32 people in Azerbaijan.
Aghul has contrastive epiglottal consonants. Aghul makes, like many Northeast Caucasian languages, a distinction between tense consonants with concomitant length and weak consonants. The tense consonants are characterized by the intensiveness (tension) of articulation, which naturally leads to a lengthening of the consonant so they are traditionally transcribed with the length diacritic. The gemination of the consonant itself does not create its tension, but morphologically tense consonants often derive from adjoining two single weak consonants. Some[which?] Aghul dialects have an especially large number[vague] of permitted initial tense consonants.
|? ?||? ?||? ?||? ?||?I ?I|
|? ?||? ?||? ?||? ?||? ?||? ?||? ?|
|? ?||?I ?I||? ?||? ?||? ?|
|? ?||? ?||?I ?I||? ?||? ?||? ?|
|?I ?I||? ?||? ?||? ?||?I ?I|
|? ?||?I ?I||? ?||?I ?I||? ?||? ?||?|
|I||?||?||? ?||? ?||? ?|
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (January 2010)
There are four core cases: absolutive, ergative, genitive, and dative, as well as a large series of location cases. All cases other than the absolutive (which is unmarked) and ergative take the ergative suffix before their own suffix.
Independent and predicative adjectives take number marker and class marker; also case if used as nominal. As attribute they are invariable. Thus id?ed "good", ergative, id?edi, etc. -n, -s; pl. id?edar; but Id?e insandi hhu? qini "The good man killed the wolf" (subject in ergative case).
|Singular (Aghul)||Plural (Aghul)||Singular (Tokip)||Plural (Tokip)|
|1||zun||?in (ex), xin (in)||?i (ex), xi (in)||?i, xi|
?: - ? : «, ? ; ? . ? ?. ? , ? ?. ? ».
?isaji punaja geburis: - Du'g?e ak'e mi?tti: "Dad, Ve ttur girami x'uraj; Ve Paag'vel adiraj. T?alab ark'aja ?in Vakes g'er jag'as guni. G?il g'u?en ?e gunag'arilas, ?inna g'il g'ur?andu k?ildi ?as ?ajvelar ark'attarilas. X?a temex?era x'as amarta ?as." 
And he said unto them, When ye pray, say, Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, as in heaven, so in earth. Give us day by day our daily bread. And forgive us our sins; for we also forgive every one that is indebted to us. And lead us not into temptation; but deliver us from evil.