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Afro-punk (sometimes spelled Afro-Punk, Afropunk or AfroPunk) refers to the participation of African Americans and other black people in the punk and alternative music cultures, especially in the United States, where this scene had been overwhelmed by whites. In the early 21st century, Afro-punks made up a minority in the North American punk scene.
Notable bands that can be linked to the Afro-punk community include: Death, Pure Hell, Bad Brains, Suicidal Tendencies, Dead Kennedys, Fishbone, Wesley Willis Fiasco, Suffrajett, The Templars, Unlocking the Truth and Rough Francis. In the United Kingdom, influential black musicians associated with the late 1970s punk scene included Poly Styrene of X-Ray Spex, Don Letts and Basement 5. Afro-punk has become a movement, comparable to the early hip hop movement of the 1980s.
The Afropunk Music Festival was founded in 2005 by director James Spooner and Matthew Morgan. The first festivals built on fans and musicians' interest in Spooner's documentary film, Afro-Punk (2003). The annual festival has been based in Brooklyn, New York. Spooner left the festival after its 2008 production, and is working in Los Angeles.
In 2015 the Afropunk Festival started charging entry fees of $40 to 50 in Brooklyn, although people could complete volunteer work to enter. It was also produced in Paris, France; Atlanta, Georgia; London, England and Johannesburg, South Africa.
Punk has spread to Africa and the Caribbean, where the majority-black cultures have dominated a music scene descended from ethnic African and African-Caribbean influences.