Adolf Brutt
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Adolf Brutt
Adolf Brütt in Weimar, with his statue of Theodor Mommsen (1909)
Statue of Friedrich Wilhelm II on the Siegesallee (c. 1901). It was heavily damaged in World War II

Adolf Brütt (10 May 1855 in Husum - 6 November 1939 in Bad Berka)[1] was a German sculptor. He was the founder of the Weimarer Bildhauerschule (Weimar Sculpture School) and its accompanying bronze foundry.

Life

Brütt originally trained in Kiel as a stonemason and worked on several projects, including Schloss Linderhof. A stipend from the Sparkasse Kiel (a saving and loan institution) enabled him to study at the Prussian Academy of Art, where he graduated in 1878.[1] He became a master student of the sculptor Leopold Rau (1847-1880), and worked in the Munich studios of Karl Begas, brother of the Neo-Baroque sculptor Reinhold Begas.

In 1883 he married and opened his own studio. He became a member of the Munich Secession in 1893. His sculpture Sword Dancer won a gold medal at the Exposition Universelle (1900) and secured his international reputation. He later became a Professor at the Prussian Academy and founded the Fehr Academy, an organization devoted to the ideals of the Secession. Together with his friend, the banker Felix Koenigs (1846-1900), he helped to promote the Secession through exhibits at the National Gallery, which included works by Auguste Rodin and the French impressionists.

In 1905, he was appointed a Professor at the Weimar Saxon-Grand Ducal Art School, where he created the school for sculpture and bronze casting. Together with his students, he created the marble reliefs in the lobby of the new Court Theater in Weimar.

In 1910, he returned to Berlin and was succeeded at Weimar by Gottlieb Elster. His statue of the "Sword Dancer" was moved from Kiel to Berlin for the 1916 Summer Olympics. In 1928, he became an Honorary Citizen of Bad Berka. In 1996, his sculpture school became part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[2]

Selected works

References

Further reading

  • Cornelius Steckner: Der Bildhauer Adolf Brütt. Husum 1978, Schriften des Nissenhauses - Nordfriesisches Museum in Husum Nr. 13
  • Cornelius Steckner: Die Sparsamkeit der Alten. Kultureller und technologischer Wandel zwischen 1871 und 1914 in seiner Auswirkung auf die Formgebung des Bildhauers Adolf Brütt (1855-1939)(Neue Kunstwissenschaftliche Studien Vol. 11) Frankfurt/M., Bern, 1981. X, 128 S. 57 Abb. ISBN 978-3-8204-6897-7
  • Cornelius Steckner: Der Bildhauer Adolf Brütt. Schleswig-Holstein . Berlin . Weimar. Autobiographie und Werkverzeichnis. (Schriften der Schleswig-Holsteinischen Landesbibliothek. Ed. Dieter Lohmeier. Vol. 9), Heide 1989. ISBN 3-8042-0479-1
  • Vor-Reiter Weimars, Die Großherzöge Carl August und Carl Alexander im Denkmal, Freundeskreis des Goethe National-Museums, Glaux: Jena 2003. - ISBN 3-931743-53-5

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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