Adelaide of Holland
Statue of Aleida of Holland
|Died||1284 (aged 53–54)|
|Spouse(s)||John I, Count of Hainaut|
|Father||Floris IV, Count of Holland|
|Mother||Matilda of Brabant|
Adelaide of Holland (Dutch: Aleide (Aleidis); c. 1230 - buried 9 April 1284), Countess of Hainaut, was a Dutch regent. She was a daughter of Floris IV, Count of Holland and Matilda of Brabant. She was also a sister of William II, Count of Holland and King of Germany. She acted as regent for her nephew Count Floris V during his minority.
On 9 October 1246, Adelaide married John I of Avesnes, Count of Hainaut. Like her mother, she was a patron of religious houses. Her religious interest is reflected in that three of her sons became bishops, and her one daughter became an abbess. She also insisted on a bilingual education for them.
Between 1258 and 1263, Adelaide was regent of Holland in the name of her nephew Floris V. She called herself Guardian of Holland and Zeeland (Tutrix de Hollandie et Zeelandie). After he came of age, she continued to advise him. She died in 1284 at Valenciennes, but in 1299, with the death of Floris' son John I, it was own son John II who inherited Holland through her.
She ordered the construction of the Schielands Hoge Zeedijk, which today continues to protect 3 million inhabitants in a wide area around Rotterdam.
Jacob van Maerlant dedicated his first poem, Geesten, to Adelaide.
With John I, she had the following issue: