Adelaide International Airport
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Adelaide International Airport

Adelaide Airport
Adelaide Airport logo.svg
Adelaide - International (ADL - YPAD) AN0752314.jpg
Airport typePublic
OperatorAdelaide Airport Limited
LocationAdelaide Airport, South Australia
Hub forAlliance Airlines
Regional Express Airlines
Sharp Airlines
Focus city forVirgin Australia
Jetstar Airways
Elevation AMSL20 ft / 6 m
Coordinates34°56?42?S 138°31?50?E / 34.94500°S 138.53056°E / -34.94500; 138.53056Coordinates: 34°56?42?S 138°31?50?E / 34.94500°S 138.53056°E / -34.94500; 138.53056
ADL is located in Greater Adelaide
ADL is located in South Australia
ADL is located in Australia
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 3,100 10,171 Asphalt
12/30 1,652 5,420 Asphalt
Statistics (2017/18)
Freight (Tonnes)25 722

Adelaide Airport (IATA: ADL, ICAO: YPAD), also known as Adelaide International Airport, is the principal airport of Adelaide, South Australia and the fifth-busiest airport in Australia, servicing just over eight million passengers in the financial year ending 30 June 2017.[2] Located adjacent to West Beach, it is approximately 6 km (3.7 mi) west of the city centre. It has been operated privately by Adelaide Airport Limited under a long-term lease from the Commonwealth Government since 29 May 1998.[3]:p 25

First established in 1955, a new dual international/domestic terminal was opened in 2005 which has received numerous awards, including being named the world's second-best international airport (5-15 million passengers) in 2006.[4] Also, it has been named Australia's best capital city airport in 2006, 2009 and 2011.[5]

Over the financial year 2018/19, Adelaide Airport experienced passenger growth of 7% internationally and 1.3% for domestic and regional passengers[6] from 2017's quarterly report;[2] this added up to a new record number of passengers who passed through Adelaide Airport at 8,090,000 over the financial year. Adelaide Airport also experienced the greatest international growth out of any Australian port.[2]


An early "Adelaide airport" was an aerodrome constructed in 1921 on 24 ha (59 acres) of land in Albert Park, now Hendon, which took over from the Northfield Aerodrome. The small facility allowed for a mail service between Adelaide and Sydney. To meet the substantial growth in aviation, Parafield Airport was developed in 1927. The demand on aviation outgrew Parafield and the current site of Adelaide Airport was selected at West Torrens (known as West Beach until 1991[7]) in January 1946.[8] An alternative site at Port Adelaide, including a seaplane facility, was considered inferior and too far from the C.B.D.[9] Construction began and flights commenced in 1954. Parafield Airport was turned into a private and military aviation facility.

Passengers boarding from the tarmac in December 1967; this continued for domestic passengers until 2006.

An annexe to one of the large hangars at the airport served as a passenger terminal until the Commonwealth Government provided funds for the construction of a temporary building.[10]

In 2005 a dual-use $260 million facility replaced both the original 'temporary' domestic and international terminals. The old domestic terminal was closed shortly after the new terminal was opened to flights and was demolished not long after. A new control tower was built west of the current terminal with the old control tower maintained for additional operations.

In October 2006, the new terminal was named the Capital City Airport of the Year at the Australian Aviation Industry Awards in Cairns.[11] In March 2007, Adelaide Airport was rated the world's second-best airport in the 5-15 million passengers category at the Airports Council International (ACI) 2006 awards in Dubai.[12]

Plans were announced for an expansion of the terminal in July 2007, including more aerobridges and demolition of the old International Terminal.[13]

On 5 August 2008 Tiger Airways Australia confirmed that Adelaide Airport would become the airline's second hub which would base two of the airline's Airbus A320s by early 2009.[14] On 29 October 2009 Tiger announced it would be housing its third A320 at Adelaide Airport from early 2010.[15] Tiger Airways later shut down its operations from Adelaide only to recommence them in 2013.[16]

In 2011 the airport encountered major problems during the eruption of Puyehue volcano in Chile. The ash cloud caused flights to be cancelled nationwide, with over 40,000 passengers stranded in Adelaide.[]


International services became regular from 1982 upon the construction of an international terminal.

The original international terminal had only one gate with limited space for passengers. Check-in desks were small and waiting space was limited. It was partially demolished[when?] to make the area more secure and allow aircraft to park on the other side of the terminal.

On 18 December 2018, Singapore Airlines upgraded their Singapore to Adelaide flight from the Airbus A330-300 to the new Airbus A350-900 fitted with their dual-class regional configuration.[17]

Fiji Airways also upgraded their new Boeing 737-8 MAX aircraft on the Nadi to Adelaide route[18], but due to the grounding of the 737 MAX aircraft, switched to the Boeing 737-800. However, Fiji Airlines announced that they would no longer fly to Adelaide as of 20 July 2019.[19]

In late 2018 and Early 2019, China Southern, Cathay Pacific and Malaysian Airlines increased their services to Adelaide Airport to accommodate the increase of demand.[6]

The airport is also a heavy cargo destination for Volga-Dnepr Airlines, who require 2.5km of runway for the Antonov cargo plane.

Present terminal building

A large crowd watches Qantas A380 VH-OQA visit Adelaide, 27 September 2008
Main concourse terminal one, 2006

The airport was redeveloped in 2005 at a cost of $260 million. The redevelopment was managed by builders Hansen Yuncken. Before the redevelopment, the old airport terminal was criticised for its limited capacity and lack of aerobridges.[]

Proposals were developed for an upgraded terminal of world standard. The final proposal, released in 1997, called for a large, unified terminal in which both domestic and international flights would use the same terminal. A combination of factors, the most notable of which was the collapse of Ansett Australia, then a duopoly domestic carrier with Qantas, and the resultant loss of funds for its share of the construction cost, saw the new terminal plans shelved until an agreement was reached in 2002.[]

The new terminal was opened on 7 October 2005 by the Prime Minister John Howard and South Australian Premier Mike Rann. However, Adelaide Airport Limited announced soon afterwards that only international flights would use the new facility immediately due to problems with the fuel pumps and underground pipes. These problems related initially to the anti-rusting agent applied to the insides of the fuel pumps, then to construction debris in the pipes. Although international and regional (from December 2005) aircraft were refuelled via tankers, a lack of space and safety concerns prevented this action for domestic jet aircraft, which instead continued operations at the old terminal. The re-fueling system was cleared of all debris and the new terminal was used for all flights from 17 February 2006.[20] The new airport terminal is approximately 850 m (2,790 ft) end to end and is capable of handling 27 aircraft, including an Airbus A380, simultaneously and processing 3,000 passengers per hour. It includes high-amenity public and airline lounges, 14 glass-sided aerobridges, 42 common user check-in desks and 34 shop fronts. Free wireless Internet is also provided throughout the terminal by Internode Systems, a first for an Australian airport.[21]

The first Qantas A380, VH-OQA "Nancy Bird Walton", landed at the airport on 27 September 2008, Several thousand spectators gathered to catch a glimpse of the giant aircraft. This was a 25-minute stopover before it flew on to Melbourne. This was one of several visits the airliner made as part of a pilot training and testing program.

Vickers Vimy museum

In 1919, the Australian government offered £10,000 for the first All-Australian crew to fly an aeroplane from England to Australia. Keith Macpherson Smith, Ross Macpherson Smith and mechanics Jim Bennett and Wally Shiers completed the journey from Hounslow Heath Aerodrome to Darwin via Singapore and Batavia on 10 December 1919. Their Vickers Vimy aircraft G-EAOU (affectionately known as "God 'Elp All Of Us") is now preserved in a purpose-built climate-controlled museum inside the grounds of the airport at 34°56?29.2?S 138°31?59.5?E / 34.941444°S 138.533194°E / -34.941444; 138.533194 (Vickers Vimy Museum).[22] Due to reconfiguration of the terminal buildings, the museum is now situated inside the long-term car park, but there are no plans to relocate the aircraft into the main terminal building.

Recent development

In February 2011, a A$100 million building program was launched as part of a five-year master plan, featuring:

  • New airport road network to improve traffic flow (completed)
  • New multi-storey car park - increasing parking spaces from 800 to 1,650 (completed August 2012)[23]
  • New passenger terminal plaza frontage (completed March 2013)
  • Walkway bridge connecting new car park and existing terminal building (completed March 2013)
  • Terminal concourse extension
  • Three new aerobridges
  • Terminal commercial projects and passenger facilities
  • Relocation of regional carrier Rex
  • Relocation of old transportable charter aircraft operators' terminal
  • New control tower, twice the height of the old tower, expected to cost A$16.9 million (completed early 2012)
  • Addition of Emirates airlines, Qatar Airways, China Southern Airlines and Fiji Airways to the list of airlines serving the airport (completed)
  • Atura Hotel (37 m [121 ft] tall, nine levels) (completed September 2018)[24]
  • New airside cargo facility (1,500 m2 [16,000 sq ft])[1]

In July 2013, Adelaide Airport became the first Australian airport and second airport worldwide to have Google Street View technology, allowing passengers to explore the arrival and departure sections of the airport before travel.[25]

In late 2018 and early 2019, Adelaide Airport commenced a $165 million terminal expansion project, increasing the length of the terminal, adding more duty-free and shopping outlets, and adding more aircraft parking and gates. The upgrades are set to be completed by 2021.[26]

In September 2016, a relocation and major upgrade was completed for the base of the central service region of the Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia.[27] The base houses the Pilatus PC-12 and Pilatus PC-24, maintenance hangars and ambulance bays.[28]

Airlines and destinations


The tarmac of the regional Gate 50


Traffic and statistics

Annual passengers

Annual passenger statistics
Year Passenger movements
2001-02 4,180,000
2002-03 4,358,000
2003-04 4,897,000
2004-05 5,371,000
2005-06 5,776,000
2006-07 6,192,000
2007-08 6,635,000
2008-09 6,799,000
2009-10 7,030,000
2010-11 7,297,000
2011-12 6,968,000
2012-13 7,300,000
2013-14 7,696,000
2014-15 7,670,000
2015-16 7,777,747
2016-17 8,090,000


Busiest international freight routes into and out of Adelaide Airport
(YE June 2011)[44]
Rank Airport Tonnes % Change
1 Singapore Singapore 10,995.7 Decrease10.8
2 Hong Kong Hong Kong 3,413.2 Decrease8.8
3  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur-International 2,984.4 Increase1.9
4  New Zealand Auckland 449.4 Decrease11.8

Ground transport

Adelaide Metro operates frequent JetBus buses connecting the airport to a number of popular locations across metropolitan Adelaide.

Route J1X operates an express service to and from the airport to the Adelaide CBD. Routes J1 and J2 operate between the northern, western and southern suburbs, via the CBD and airport - popular areas such as Tea Tree Plaza, Glenelg and Harbour Town are serviced.[45] Routes J7 and J8 operate to West Lakes and Marion.[46]

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b c "Adelaide Airport Q4 2017 Media Release" (pdf). Adelaide Airport Ltd. media release. 26 July 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  3. ^ "Air passengermovements through capital city airports to 2025-26" (PDF). Working Paper 72. Canberra: Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics. 2008. Retrieved 2012.
  4. ^ "Adelaide Airport: T1" (PDF). Adelaide Airport Limited. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 July 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  5. ^ "Adelaide names Australia's best airport again" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 April 2013.
  6. ^ a b "Q2 FY19 Passenger Stats Adelaide Airport" (PDF). Adelaide Airport. 14 March 2018.
  7. ^ "Search results for 'Adelaide Airport, SUB' with the following datasets selected - 'Suburbs and localities', 'Counties', 'Local Government Areas', 'SA Government Regions' and 'Gazetteer'". Location SA Map Viewer. South Australian Government. Retrieved 2019.
  8. ^ "West Beach Airport Plan Approved". The Advertiser 26 January 1946 page 1.
  9. ^ "Airport For Adelaide". The Advertiser 27 June 1945 page 7.
  10. ^ "History: 1927-2005". Adelaide Airport Limited. Archived from the original on 3 October 2006. Retrieved 2006.
  11. ^ "China Aviation News:Adelaide Airport Rated No. 1 in Australia". 18 October 2006. Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  12. ^ "Adelaide Airport Wins International Praise". 13 March 2007. Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  13. ^ Innes, Stuart (12 July 2007). "Adelaide Airport boost". The Advertiser. Retrieved 2007.
  14. ^ "Tiger sets up second home in Adelaide". Fairfax Digital. Melbourne: The Age. 5 August 2008. Archived from the original on 15 May 2009. Retrieved 2008.
  15. ^ Innes, Stuart (29 October 2009). "Tiger Airways base in Adelaide to grow by 50 per cent". The Advertiser. News Limited.
  16. ^ "Tiger Airways future Aust look under wraps". The Sydney Morning Herald. 22 August 2011.
  17. ^ "The Singapore Airlines A350 | Book flights from Adelaide". Retrieved 2019.
  18. ^ "Fiji Airways to serve Adelaide with Boeing 737 MAX". Australian Aviation. 29 June 2018. Retrieved 2019.
  19. ^
  20. ^ "Passengers urged to be patient as new SA terminal opens". Australia: ABC News. 17 February 2006. Archived from the original on 17 April 2008. Retrieved 2006.
  21. ^ Denise Murray (31 October 2005). "Weaving wireless magic". CRN. Archived from the original on 10 October 2006. Retrieved 2006.
  22. ^ "Aviation Heritage". Adelaide Airport Limited. Retrieved 2019.
  23. ^ "Parking". Adelaide Airport Limited. Retrieved 2015.
  24. ^ "Atura Airport Hotel opens at Adelaide Airport". Australian Business Traveller. 10 September 2018.
  25. ^ "Google Street View Technology First for Adelaide Airport" (PDF) (Press release). Adelaide Airport Limited. 19 July 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 March 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  26. ^ "Adelaide Airport's $165m expansion approved". ArchitectureAU. Retrieved 2019.
  27. ^ "Flying Doctor bases around Australia". Retrieved 2019.
  28. ^ "Flying Doctor aircraft fleet". Retrieved 2019.
  29. ^ "Where We Fly". Alliance Airlines. Retrieved 2019.
  30. ^ "China Southern to start flying to Adelaide - Travel Daily Asia". Travel Daily Asia. Retrieved 2017.
  31. ^ "Jetstar includes Hobart, Adelaide on Avalon flights radar". Geelong Advertiser.
  32. ^ "Jetstar announces Sunshine Coast-Adelaide flights - Australian Aviation". Retrieved 2017.
  33. ^ "Malindo Air announces Adelaide-Bali-Kuala Lumpur route" (PDF). Adelaide Airport. Retrieved 2019.
  34. ^
  35. ^ "Qantas expands 717 domestic network". Australian Aviation.
  36. ^ "Qantas to serve Kangaroo Island following airport upgrade - Australian Aviation". Retrieved 2017.
  37. ^ "Media Releases - QANTASLINK HOPPING TO KANGAROO ISLAND - Qantas News Room". Retrieved 2017.
  38. ^ "QATAR AIRWAYS ANNOUNCES THE LAUNCH OF ANOTHER EXCITING AUSTRALIAN DESTINATION - ADELAIDE". Qatar Airways. Archived from the original on 19 November 2015.
  39. ^ "New flight connections for Port Augusta as Rex expands air services". Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  40. ^ "Virgin to fly Adelaide-Alice Springs from March 2015". Australian Aviation.
  41. ^ "Australian Domestic Aviation Activity Annual Publications". Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics (BITRE). Retrieved 2019.
  42. ^ "International Airline Activity 2018". June 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  43. ^ "Fiji Airways' Adelaide inaugural touches down". Australian Aviation. 3 July 2017. Retrieved 2018.
  44. ^ "Australian International Airline Activity 2011" (PDF). Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics (BITRE). June 2012. Retrieved 2012. Refers to "Regular Public Transport (RPT) operations only"
  45. ^ "Adelaide Airport Bus Timetable" (PDF). Adelaide Metro. Retrieved 2019.
  46. ^ "J7-J8 Bus Timetable" (PDF). Adelaide Metro. Retrieved 2019.

External links

Media related to Adelaide Airport at Wikimedia Commons

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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