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In accordance with custom, Abdulmejid was confined to the palace until he was 40. On 4 July 1918, his first cousin Mehmed VI became Sultan and Abdulmejid was named Crown Prince. When his cousin was deposed on 1 November 1922, the Sultanate was abolished. But on 19 November 1922, the Crown Prince was elected Caliph by the Turkish National Assembly at Ankara. He established himself in Constantinople on 24 November 1922.
Abdulmejid was given the title of General in the Ottoman Army, but did not have strong military inclinations. He had a more significant role as Chairman of the Ottoman Artists' Society.
He is considered as one of the most important painters of late period Ottoman art. His paintings of the Harem, showing a modern musical gathering, and of his wife, ?ehsuvar Han?m, reading Goethe's novel Faust, express the influence of western Europe in his elite circle. These were displayed at a 1918 exhibition of Ottoman paintings in Vienna. His personal self-portrait can be seen at Istanbul Modern.
?ehzade Ömer Faruk (Constantinople, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, 27/29 February 1898 - 28 March 1969/1971) - with ?ehsuvar, married firstly at Y?ld?z Palace on 29 April 1920 to his second cousin Sabiha Sultan (Constantinople, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, 19 March/1 April 1894 - Istanbul, 26 August 1971), and had three daughters, and married secondly in ?skenderiye on 31 July 1948 to his cousin Mihri?ah Sultan (Constantinople, Be?ikta?, Be?ikta? Palace, 1 June 1916 - Istanbul, 25 January 1987), without issue:
Zehra Hanzade Sultan (Constantinople, Dolmabahçe Palace, 12 September 1923 - Paris, 19 March 1998, buried on 26 March 1998), married in Cairo in September 1940 to Damat Prince Muhammad Ali Ibrahim (Cairo, 29 April 1900 - Paris, 2 July 1977), and had issue:
Nabila Sabiha Fazila Ibrahim Han?msultan (b. Neuilly-sur-Seine, 8 August 1941), was the fiance of King Faisal II of Iraq until 1958 when the king was killed. Few years later she married Kheri Oglu, together they had two sons Ali and Saleem
Nabil Sultanzade Ahmad Rifat Ibrahim (b. 31 August 1942), married on 26 June 1969 to Emine Ushakidil, without issue
Necla Heybetullah Sultan (Nice, 15 May 1926 - 16 October 2006), married in Cairo in February 1943 to Nabil Amr Ibrahim (Cairo, 18 April 1903 - 1977), and had issue:
Nabil Sultanzade Osman Rifat Ibrahim (b. 20 May 1951), unmarried and without issue