56th Academy Awards
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56th Academy Awards
56th Academy Awards
DateApril 9, 1984
SiteDorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles
Hosted byJohnny Carson
Produced byJack Haley Jr.
Directed byMarty Pasetta
Best PictureTerms of Endearment
Most awardsTerms of Endearment (5)
Most nominationsTerms of Endearment (11)
TV in the United States
Duration3 hours, 42 minutes
Ratings38.0 (Nielsen ratings)

The 56th Academy Awards were presented April 9, 1984, at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles, hosted by Johnny Carson.

The Best Supporting Actress winner this year was unique; Linda Hunt won for her role as Billy Kwan - a male Chinese-Australian photographer - in Peter Weir's The Year of Living Dangerously, making her the first actor to win an Oscar for playing a character of the opposite sex.

Gordon Willis, a respected cinematographer most famous for his work on The Godfather, The Godfather Part II, and Woody Allen's Manhattan, received his first Best Cinematography nomination for Zelig.

Joe I. Tompkins was the first African-American to be nominated in Best Costume Design.

James L. Brooks won three Academy Awards, as producer, director and writer of Best Picture winner Terms of Endearment. Of its other eight nominations, two were for Best Actress; Shirley MacLaine won over Debra Winger in that category. The movie won five Oscars in total, the fifth being Jack Nicholson for Best Supporting Actor, his second career win.

This ceremony ended with Sammy Davis Jr. and Liza Minnelli leading the crowd in "There's No Business Like Show Business" in tribute to Ethel Merman, who had died a month and a half before the ceremony. The performance occurred over the closing credits of the broadcast.

The Award for Best Makeup was not given this year.

While this year's ceremony was the first without the recitation of the Academy's voting procedure at the beginning of the telecast -- it was moved to the end credits -- those of the accounting firm Price Waterhouse who were responsible for tabulating the results and guarding their secrecy were still introduced.[1]


James L. Brooks, Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay, and Best Picture winner
Robert Duvall, Best Actor winner
Shirley MacLaine, Best Actress winner
Jack Nicholson, Best Supporting Actor winner
Linda Hunt, Best Supporting Actress winner
Bill Conti, Best Original Score winner
Michel Legrand, Best Original Song Score co-winner
Giorgio Moroder, Best Original Song co-winner

Winners are listed first, highlighted in boldface and indicated with a double dagger (double-dagger).[2][3]

Best Picture Best Director
Best Actor Best Actress
Best Supporting Actor Best Supporting Actress
Best Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen Best Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium
Best Foreign Language Film Best Documentary Feature
Best Documentary Short Subject Best Live Action Short Film
Best Animated Short Film Best Original Score
Best Original Song Score or Adaptation Score Best Original Song
Best Sound Best Sound Effects Editing
Best Art Direction Best Costume Design
Best Cinematography Best Film Editing

Honorary Academy Award

Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award

Special Achievement Academy Award

Nomination announcements

The filmmakers and studio executives were very surprised by the five Academy Award nominations for Tender Mercies, which was released ten months before the nominations were announced and had received little campaigning. Universal Studios had already previously sold the video rights for Tender Mercies based on their lack of confidence in the film following poor test screenings; the studio was therefore unable to redistribute Tender Mercies after the Oscar nominations were announced, and cable companies ran the film on television one week before the Academy Award ceremony.[4]


When screenwriter Horton Foote won a Best Adapted Screenplay Oscar for To Kill a Mockingbird, he was not present at the 1963 ceremony to collect it because he did not believe he was going to win and did not attend. As a result, Foote made sure he was present for the ceremony when he was nominated for Tender Mercies; he won that Oscar as well, this time for Best Original Screenplay.[4]

This was the first awards show in history to use a computer-generated graphic timer clock to notify awardees how much time they had to give their speeches before time was up. The countdown clock was displayed on a large screen TV in front of the stage. It was controlled by the assistant director who had the discretion to activate it or not depending on the importance of the award and, for this show, was programmed for 30 seconds. This has since become a staple element of almost all award shows and is often followed up by the music when the awardee ignores the clock.

Presenters and performers

The following individuals, listed in order of appearance, presented awards or performed musical numbers.


Name Role
Hank Simms Announcer of the 56th Academy Awards
Gene Allen (AMPAS President) Gave opening remarks welcoming guests to the awards ceremony
Timothy Hutton
Mary Tyler Moore
Presenters of the award for Best Supporting Actor
Kevin Bacon
Daryl Hannah
Presenters of the award for Best Sound Effects Editing
Jane Alexander
Michael Caine
Presenters of the Short Subjects Awards
Joan Collins
Arnold Schwarzenegger
Presenters of the Technical Achievement Awards
Robert Wise Presenter of the award for Best Film Editing
Christie Brinkley
Michael Keaton
Presenters of the award for Best Sound
Anthony Franciosa
Joanna Pacula
Presenters of the award for Best Cinematography
John Gavin
Jack Valenti
Presenters of the award for Best Foreign Language Film
Holly Palance
Jack Palance
Presenters of the Documentary Awards
Cheech and Chong Presenters of the award for Best Visual Effects
Tommy Tune
Presenters of the award for Best Costume Design
Ricardo Montalbán
Jane Powell
Presenters of the award for Best Art Direction
Jennifer Beals
Matthew Broderick
Presenters of the award for Best Original Song
Ray Bolger
Gene Kelly
Presenters of the award for Best Original Score
Neil Diamond Presenter of the award for Best Adapted Score
Dyan Cannon
Gene Hackman
Presenters of the award for Best Supporting Actress
Mel Gibson
Sissy Spacek
Presenters of the Writing Awards
Frank Sinatra Presenter of the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award to M. J. Frankovich
Richard Attenborough Presenter of the award for Best Director
Jackie Cooper
George McFarland
Presenters of the Honorary Award to Hal Roach
Dolly Parton
Sylvester Stallone
Presenters of the award for Best Actor
Rock Hudson
Liza Minnelli
Presenters of the award for Best Actress
Frank Capra Presenter of the award for Best Picture


Name Role Performed
Quincy Jones Musical arranger and conductor Orchestral
Irene Cara
The National Dance Institute
Performers "Flashdance... What a Feeling" from Flashdance
Herb Alpert
Lani Hall
Performers "Maniac" from Flashdance
Mac Davis Performer "Over You" from Tender Mercies
Donna Summer Performer "Papa, Can You Hear Me?" from Yentl
Jennifer Holliday Performer "The Way He Makes Me Feel" from Yentl
Sammy Davis Jr.
Liza Minnelli
Performers "There's No Business Like Show Business"

Multiple nominations and awards

See also


  1. ^ The Opening of the Academy Awards: 1984 Oscars on YouTube. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
  2. ^ "The 56th Academy Awards (1984) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Archived from the original on 2014-11-11. Retrieved .
  3. ^ "The Official Academy Awards Database". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Select "1983" in the "Award Year(s)" drop-down menu and press "Search".
  4. ^ a b Bruce Beresford, Robert Duvall, Horton Foote, Allan Hubbard, Gary Hertz (director), Tess Harper (2002-04-16). Miracles & Mercies (Documentary). West Hollywood, California: Blue Underground. Archived from the original on 2005-02-06. Retrieved .

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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