3 (New York City Subway Service)
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3 New York City Subway Service

"3" train symbol
Seventh Avenue Express
NYCSubway1551.jpg
A 3 train of R62s entering Sutter Avenue-Rutland Road in Brooklyn.
Map of the "3" train
Northern endHarlem-148th Street
Southern endNew Lots Avenue (daytime)
Times Square-42nd Street (late nights)
Stations34
9 (late night service)
Rolling stock260 R62s (26 trains)[1]
DepotLivonia Yard
Started serviceNovember 23, 1904; 114 years ago (1904-11-23)

The 3 Seventh Avenue Express[2] is a rapid transit service in the A Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored red since it uses the IRT Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line through most of Manhattan.[3]

The 3 operates at all times. Daytime service operates between 148th Street in Harlem, Manhattan and New Lots Avenue in East New York, Brooklyn, making express stops in Manhattan (between 96th Street and Chambers Street) and local stops in Brooklyn. Late night service short turns at Times Square-42nd Street in Midtown Manhattan.

The 3 train formerly ran to City Hall or South Ferry in Manhattan, and were later rerouted to Flatbush Avenue-Brooklyn College in Brooklyn. In 1983, it was rerouted to New Lots Avenue.

Service history

R12 IRT 3.gif
Rollsign used on the ends of R12 through R36 cars
3 (1967-1979 New York City Subway bullet).svg
1967-1979 bullet

On November 23, 1904, the IRT Lenox Avenue Line opened between 96th Street and 145th Street. 3 trains ran between 145th Street and City Hall, making all stops.[4]

On July 1, 1918, the entire IRT Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line was completed. 3 trains were rerouted south of 42nd Street from the IRT Lexington Avenue Line to this new line. They now made all stops to South Ferry.[4]

As of 1934, 3 service operated between 145th Street and South Ferry except late nights, when service operated between 145th Street and 96th Street, making local stops.

Beginning on January 4, 1955, some 3 trains ran express in Manhattan during rush hours and were extended to Flatbush Avenue; a few layups and put-ins ran to New Lots. Late night service was discontinued between 145th Street and 96th Street.[4] However, from December 20, 1957, 3 trains were rerouted to New Lots Avenue during rush hours. On February 6, 1959, all trains except late nights made express stops in Manhattan as part of the "West Side Improvement" and ran to Flatbush Avenue.[4] Starting April 8, 1960, 3 trains were rerouted to New Lots. Weekday evening service was cut to a shuttle 145th Street to 135th Street only.[4] However, on April 18, 1965, 3 service started to run to Flatbush Avenue again.[4] On October 17, 1965, weekend evening service was also cut to a shuttle 145th Street to 135th Street.

On May 13, 1968, trains were extended to the newly completed 148th Street-Lenox Terminal.[4] Later that year, on December 15, all-night shuttle service between 148th Street and 135th Street was brought back for the first time since 1955. On May 23, 1976, the current practice of starting Sunday service late (9 or 10 AM) began.[4] On July 10, 1983, the 2 and 3 trains swapped Brooklyn Terminals, and the 3 was permanently stationed at New Lots Avenue so it could access the Livonia Yard and shops.[4][5]

Beginning on August 5, 1990, late-night shuttles between 148th Street and 135th Street were discontinued and replaced by shuttle buses. On September 4, 1994, late-night shuttles between 148th Street and 135th Street were resumed, but were discontinued again on September 10, 1995.[6] This was a cost-saving measure due to low ridership.[7]

From March 2[8] to October 12, 1998, the IRT Lenox Avenue Line was rehabilitated. Most 3 service was rerouted to 137th Street-City College.[9]

After September 11, 2001, the 3 service became a local in Manhattan. After a few switching delays at 96th Street, service was changed on September 19, 2001. It ran in Manhattan as an express between Harlem-148th Street and 14th Street and was replaced by 1 service in Brooklyn. It returned to New Lots Avenue on September 15, 2002.[4]

On July 27, 2008, late night 3 service was restored, operating as an express between 148th Street and Times Square-42nd Street.[10][11][4]

As a result of planned repairs to Hurricane Sandy-related damage in the Clark Street Tube, on weekends from June 17, 2017 to June 24, 2018, the 3 operated only in Manhattan between Harlem-148th Street and 14th Street with 4 trains providing service in Brooklyn.[12][13]

Route

Service pattern

The following table shows the lines used by the 3, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:[14]

Stations

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.[2]

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops rush hours only Stops rush hours only
Station closed Station closed
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only
Time period details
Handicapped/disabled access Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
Handicapped/disabled access ↑ Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
in the indicated direction only
Handicapped/disabled access ↓
Aiga elevator.svg Elevator access to mezzanine only
3 service Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections/Notes
Manhattan
Lenox Avenue Line
Stops all times Harlem-148th Street
Stops all times 145th Street Access to/from first five cars only.
Some southbound a.m. rush hour trips begin at this station.
Stops all times 135th Street Handicapped/disabled access
Stops all times 125th Street M60 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
Stops all times 116th Street
Stops all times Central Park North-110th Street
Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line
Stops all times 96th Street Handicapped/disabled access ​ ​
Stops all times 72nd Street Handicapped/disabled access ​ ​
Stops all times Times Square-42nd Street Handicapped/disabled access ​ ​
​ (IRT Flushing Line)
​ ​ (IND Eighth Avenue Line at 42nd Street-Port Authority Bus Terminal)
​ ​ ​ (BMT Broadway Line)
(42nd Street Shuttle)
Port Authority Bus Terminal
M34A Select Bus Service
Stops all times except late nights 34th Street-Penn Station Handicapped/disabled access ​ ​ M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
Amtrak, LIRR and NJ Transit at Pennsylvania Station
Stops all times except late nights 14th Street ​ ​
​ (IND Sixth Avenue Line at 14th Street)
(BMT Canarsie Line)
PATH at 14th Street
M14A/D Select Bus Service
Stops all times except late nights Chambers Street Handicapped/disabled access ​ ​
Brooklyn branch
Stops all times except late nights Park Place Elevator access to mezzanine only
​ (IND Eighth Avenue Line at Chambers Street)
(IND Eighth Avenue Line at World Trade Center)
​ (BMT Broadway Line at Cortlandt Street)
PATH at World Trade Center
Stops all times except late nights Fulton Street Handicapped/disabled access
​ (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
​ (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
​ (BMT Nassau Street Line)
PATH at World Trade Center
Stops all times except late nights Wall Street
Brooklyn
Stops all times except late nights Clark Street Elevator access to mezzanine only
Stops all times except late nights Borough Hall Handicapped/disabled access
​ (IRT Eastern Parkway Line)
​ (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
Eastern Parkway Line
Stops all times except late nights Hoyt Street
Stops all times except late nights Nevins Street ​​ ​
Stops all times except late nights Atlantic Avenue-Barclays Center Handicapped/disabled access ​​ ​
​ (BMT Brighton Line)
​ ​ ​ (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
LIRR Atlantic Branch at Atlantic Terminal
Stops all times except late nights Bergen Street ​​
Stops all times except late nights Grand Army Plaza ​​
Stops all times except late nights Eastern Parkway-Brooklyn Museum ​​
Stops all times except late nights Franklin Avenue ​​ ​
(BMT Franklin Avenue Line)
Stops all times except late nights Nostrand Avenue ​​ ​ B44 Select Bus Service
Stops all times except late nights Kingston Avenue ​​ ​
Stops all times except late nights Crown Heights-Utica Avenue Handicapped/disabled access ​​ ​ B46 Select Bus Service
New Lots Line
Stops all times except late nights Sutter Avenue-Rutland Road ​​ ​ B15 bus to JFK Int'l Airport
Stops all times except late nights Saratoga Avenue ​​ ​
Stops all times except late nights Rockaway Avenue ​​ ​
Stops all times except late nights Junius Street ​​ ​
Out-of-system transfer with MetroCard during nights and weekends: (BMT Canarsie Line at Livonia Avenue)
Stops all times except late nights Pennsylvania Avenue ​​ ​
Stops all times except late nights Van Siclen Avenue ​​ ​
Stops all times except late nights New Lots Avenue ​​ ​ B15 bus to JFK Int'l Airport

References

  1. ^ "Subdivision 'A' Car Assignments: Cars Required June 24, 2018" (PDF). The Bulletin. Electric Railroaders' Association. 61 (7): 16. July 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  2. ^ a b "3 Subway Timetable, Effective June 24, 2018" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2018.
  3. ^ http://web.mta.info/developers/resources/line_colors.htm
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "NYCT Line by Line History". erictb.info. Retrieved 2016.
  5. ^ "New IRT Schedules - Increased Service to Flatbush Avenue". New York Division Bulletin. July 1983.
  6. ^ "Coming Transit Reductions: What They Mean for You," The New York Times, August 20, 1995, p. CY10
  7. ^ Bleyer, Jennifer (July 17, 2005). "In a City That Never Sleeps, Two Stations That Doze". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017.
  8. ^ Christian, Nichole M. (March 3, 1998). "Subway Line Repairs Start With Confusion". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016.
  9. ^ "About NYC Transit - History". October 19, 2002. Archived from the original on October 19, 2002. Retrieved 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  10. ^ "Service Enhancements on 3 Line" (Press release). MTA New York City Transit. July 24, 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  11. ^ Neuman, William (June 10, 2008). "Subway Service Increase to Be Less Than Hoped". The New York Times..
  12. ^ "Transit & Bus Committee Meeting December 2016" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 12, 2016. pp. PDF-169 to PDF-175. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 10, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  13. ^ "Clark St Tunnel Reconstruction Weekend Service Changes". web.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 8, 2017. Archived from the original on June 8, 2017. Retrieved 2018.
  14. ^ "Subway Service Guide" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2019. Retrieved 2019.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

3_(New_York_City_Subway_service)
 



 



 
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