2 Ft and 600 Mm Gauge Railways
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2 Ft and 600 Mm Gauge Railways
A BL 9.2-inch howitzer with shells lined up on the ground recently delivered from the trench railway in the foreground during World War I.

Two foot and 600 mm gauge railways are narrow gauge railways with track gauges of and , respectively. Railways with similar, less common track gauges, such as and , are grouped with 2 ft and 600 mm gauge railways.

Overview

A steam outline Schöma diesel locomotive on the Pelion railway in Greece.
The Groudle Glen Railway Sea Lion locomotive c. 1910 on the Isle of Man.
The gasoline engine Crown Prince of the Otavi Mining and Railway Company in South West Africa (now Namibia). This railcar was able to reach a speed of 137 kilometres (85 mi) per hour.
The Efteling Steam Train Company, located in Efteling in the Netherlands, runs some locomotives that are more than a century old.

Most of these lines are tourist lines, which are often heritage railways or industrial lines, such as the Festiniog Railway in Wales and the Cripple Creek and Victor Narrow Gauge Railroad in Colorado.

World War I trench railways produced the greatest concentration of gauge railways to date. In preparation for World War II, the French Maginot Line and Alpine Line also used gauge railways for supply routes to the fixed border defenses.

Australia has over 4,000 kilometres (2,500 mi) of gauge sugar cane railway networks in the coastal areas of Queensland, which carry more than 30 million tonnes of sugarcane a year.

Many gauge and gauge railways are used in amusement parks and theme parks worldwide.

Exchange of rolling stock

The interchange of rolling stock between these similar track gauges occasionally occurred; for example, the South African Class NG15 2-8-2 locomotives started their career on the gauge. The Otavi Mining and Railway Company in South-West Africa (now Namibia) were transferred to the 2 ft gauge railways in South Africa and currently some surviving locomotives reside in Wales on the gauge Welsh Highland Railway and the gauge Brecon Mountain Railway.

Installations

Country/territory Railway Gauge
Albania
Angola
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Belarus
Belgium
Brazil
Brunei
Bulgaria
Burundi
Cambodia
Canada
Cameroon
Central African Republic
Chile
China
Comoros
Czech Republic
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Egypt
Eritrea
Estonia
Falkland Islands
Fiji
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Greenland
Guatemala
Hong Kong
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
  • Sugar cane railways in Java in Cepiring (defunct), Jatibarang (operating), Jatiwangi (defunct), Jatiwarna (Bekasi) (defunct), Kalijereng (East Jakarta) (defunct), Pandji (operating), Pangka (operating), Soedhono (operating), Sragi (operating), Sukamakmur (Bogor) (defunct) and Tulangan (operating)[9]
Isle of Man
Italy
Japan
Laos
Latvia
Lithuania
Macedonia
  • Skopje - Ohrid line; 167 km (partially converted to standard gauge)
  • Gradsko - Bitola (defunct)
Madagascar
  • Sugar cane, industrial and military railways[14] (defunct)
Mauritius
  • A network of sugar cane railways[15] (defunct)
Mexico
Montenegro
  • Podgorica - Plavnica railway (defunct)
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
  • Åmdals Verk Gruver;[17] 0.6 km (operating)
  • Gruvemuseet pa Litlabo[17] (operating)
  • Høyanger funicular (operating)
  • Kristiansand Kanonmuseum[17] (operating)
  • Lommedalsbanen;[17] 0.6 km (operating)
  • Sulitjelma Besøksgruve[17] (operating)
  • Stiftelsen Konnerudverket;[17] 0.5 km (operating)
Palestine
Papua New Guinea
Pakistan
Poland
Portugal
Rwanda
Somalia
South Africa
South Korea
Spain
Sudan
Sweden
Switzerland
Taiwan
Tanzania
Thailand
Togo
Turkey
United Kingdom ;
;
;
United States
Zimbabwe
  • Shurugwi Peak Railway[24][25] (operating)

See also

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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