|27th Academy Awards|
|Date||March 30, 1955|
|Site||RKO Pantages Theatre|
Hollywood, California and
NBC Century Theatre
New York City, New York
|Hosted by||Bob Hope (Hollywood) and |
Thelma Ritter (New York City)
|Best Picture||On the Waterfront|
|Most awards||On the Waterfront (8)|
|Most nominations||On the Waterfront (12)|
|TV in the United States|
The 27th Academy Awards honored the best films released in 1954. The Best Picture winner, On the Waterfront, was produced by Sam Spiegel and directed by Elia Kazan. It had twelve nominations and eight wins, matching two other films, Gone with the Wind (1939) and From Here to Eternity (1953), though those each had thirteen nominations.
On the Waterfront was the third film to receive five acting nominations, and the first to receive three in the Best Supporting Actor category. A "rematch" occurred in the category of Best Actor between Marlon Brando and Humphrey Bogart following Bogart's upset victory three years earlier. In a surprise win (Bing Crosby was the favored nominee), Brando received his first Oscar for his performance in On the Waterfront, which is now seen as one of the most justified upsets in Oscar history. The win was a culmination of four consecutive Best Actor nominations for Brando (starting with A Streetcar Named Desire in 1951), a record that remains unmatched to this day.
Grace Kelly won Best Actress for The Country Girl in another upset. Judy Garland, who was heavily favored to win Best Actress for the movie A Star Is Born, could not attend the ceremony as she had only recently given birth to her third child. Cameras were set up in her room so she could express her thanks in the likely case of her winning. Groucho Marx later sent her a telegram expressing that her loss was "the biggest robbery since Brink's".
Dorothy Dandridge became the first African American actress to receive a nomination for Best Actress.
Winners are listed first and highlighted in boldface.
|Best Motion Picture||Best Director|
|Best Actor||Best Actress|
|Best Supporting Actor||Best Supporting Actress|
|Best Screenplay||Best Story and Screenplay|
|Best Story||Best Short Subject - Cartoons|
|Best Documentary Feature||Best Documentary Short Subject|
|Best Live Action Short Subject, One-Reel||Best Live Action Short Subject, Two-Reel|
|Best Music Score of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture||Best Scoring of a Musical Picture|
|Best Song||Best Sound Recording|
|Best Art Direction, Black-and-White||Best Art Direction, Color|
|Best Cinematography, Black-and-White||Best Cinematography, Color|
|Best Costume Design, Black-and-White||Best Costume Design, Color|
|Best Film Editing||Best Special Effects|
These films had multiple nominations:
The following films received multiple awards.