The 2020 FIA Formula One World Championship is a planned motor racing championship for Formula One cars which is due to be the 71st running of the Formula One World Championship. The season will mark the 70th anniversary of the first Formula One season. The championship is recognised by the governing body of international motorsport, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), as the highest class of competition for open-wheel racing cars. Originally due to start in March, the start of the season was postponed until June in response to the 2019-20 coronavirus pandemic. It was originally due to be contested over 22 Grands Prix, but the number is now uncertain as there is no certainty that all postponed races can be held on later dates. Drivers and teams are scheduled to compete for the titles of World Drivers' Champion and World Constructors' Champion respectively.
|Entrant||Constructor||Chassis||Power unit||Race drivers|
|Alfa Romeo Racing ORLEN||Alfa Romeo Racing-Ferrari||C39||Ferrari 065||7
| Kimi Räikkönen|
|Scuderia AlphaTauri Honda||AlphaTauri-Honda||AT01||Honda RA620H||10
| Pierre Gasly|
|Scuderia Ferrari Mission Winnow||Ferrari||SF1000||Ferrari 065||5
| Sebastian Vettel|
|Haas F1 Team||Haas-Ferrari||VF-20||Ferrari 065||8
| Romain Grosjean|
|McLaren F1 Team||McLaren-Renault||MCL35||||4
| Lando Norris|
Carlos Sainz Jr.
|Mercedes-AMG Petronas F1 Team||Mercedes||F1 W11 EQ Performance||||44
| Lewis Hamilton|
|BWT Racing Point F1 Team||Racing Point-BWT Mercedes||RP20||BWT Mercedes[a]||11
| Sergio Pérez|
|Aston Martin Red Bull Racing||Red Bull Racing-Honda||RB16||Honda RA620H||23
| Alexander Albon|
|Renault DP World F1 Team||Renault||R.S.20||Renault E-Tech 20||3
| Daniel Ricciardo|
|ROKiT Williams Racing||Williams-Mercedes||FW43||||6
| Nicholas Latifi|
Red Bull GmbH, the parent company of Red Bull Racing and Scuderia Toro Rosso, renamed Toro Rosso as "Scuderia AlphaTauri". The team uses the constructor name "AlphaTauri". The name is derived from Red Bull's AlphaTauri fashion brand.
After a year's absence, Esteban Ocon returned to racing in Formula One after signing a contract with Renault, replacing Nico Hülkenberg.Robert Kubica left Williams at the end of the 2019 championship and joined Alfa Romeo Racing as a reserve driver.Nicholas Latifi, the 2019 Formula 2 Championship runner-up, replaced Kubica at Williams.
The following 22 Grands Prix were due to be run as part of the 2020 World Championship; as a result of the 2019-20 coronavirus pandemic, two races have been cancelled and six have been postponed. The length of each race is the minimum number of laps that exceeds a total distance of 305 km (189.5 mi).
|Round||Grand Prix||Circuit||Race date|
|1||Canadian Grand Prix||Circuit Gilles Villeneuve, Montréal||14 June|
|2||French Grand Prix||Circuit Paul Ricard, Le Castellet||28 June|
|3||Austrian Grand Prix||Red Bull Ring, Spielberg||5 July|
|4||British Grand Prix||Silverstone Circuit, Silverstone||19 July|
|5||Hungarian Grand Prix||Hungaroring, Mogyoród||2 August|
|6||Belgian Grand Prix||Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, Stavelot||30 August|
|7||Italian Grand Prix||Autodromo Nazionale di Monza, Monza||6 September|
|8||Singapore Grand Prix||Marina Bay Street Circuit, Singapore||20 September|
|9||Russian Grand Prix||Sochi Autodrom, Sochi|
|10||Japanese Grand Prix||Suzuka International Racing Course, Suzuka||11 October|
|11||Circuit of the Americas, Austin, Texas||25 October|
|12||Mexico City Grand Prix||1 November|
|13||Brazilian Grand Prix||Autódromo José Carlos Pace, São Paulo||15 November|
|14||Abu Dhabi Grand Prix||Yas Marina Circuit, Abu Dhabi||29 November|
The following eight rounds were included on the original calendar published by the World Motorsport Council, but were later removed due to cancellation or pending rescheduling in response to the coronavirus pandemic:
|Grand Prix||Circuit||Original date||Status||New date|
|Australian Grand Prix||Albert Park Circuit, Melbourne||15 March||Cancelled||TBA[b]|
|Azerbaijan Grand Prix||Baku City Circuit, Baku||7 June||Postponed||TBA|
|Bahrain Grand Prix||Bahrain International Circuit, Sakhir||22 March||Postponed||TBA|
|Chinese Grand Prix||Shanghai International Circuit, Shanghai||19 April||Postponed||TBA|
|Dutch Grand Prix||Circuit Zandvoort, Zandvoort||3 May||Postponed||TBA|
|Monaco Grand Prix||Circuit de Monaco, Monte Carlo||24 May||Cancelled||N/A|
|Spanish Grand Prix||10 May||Postponed||TBA|
|Vietnamese Grand Prix||Hanoi Street Circuit, Hanoi||5 April||Postponed||TBA|
After purchasing the commercial rights to the sport from CVC Capital Partners in January 2017, Liberty Media announced plans to expand the Formula One calendar using a concept they termed "destination races" and modelled on the Singapore Grand Prix. Under the "destination races" model, Grands Prix would be established in or near key tourist destinations and integrate racing, entertainment and social functions with the aim of making the sport more accessible and appealing to a wider audience. Several countries and venues announced plans to bid for a Grand Prix, with two bids being successful:
Liberty Media initially expected that the 2020 calendar would consist of twenty-one Grands Prix and that any new races would come at the expense of existing events, but later negotiated an agreement with the teams to allow up to twenty-two Grands Prix. Several further changes were made between the 2019 and 2020 calendars, with the German Grand Prix discontinued and the Mexican Grand Prix rebranded as the "Mexico City Grand Prix".
Drivers who participate in free practice sessions are eligible for additional FIA Super Licence points. Any driver who completes a minimum 100 km (62 mi) during a free practice session receives an additional Super Licence point on the condition that they do not commit a driving infraction. Drivers may only accrue ten Super Licence points per year from free practice sessions.
As a result of the expanded calendar, the two pre-season tests due to take place at Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya were reduced in length from four days to three days each, whilst the two in-season tests that took place at Bahrain International Circuit and Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya in 2019 have been discontinued. Teams were no longer allowed to hide their cars during testing. The amount of time in which car mechanics are not allowed to work on the car has been extended from eight to nine hours.
In order to reduce the risk of punctures, the last 50 mm (2.0 in) of the front wing can no longer contain any metal. Brake ducts can no longer be outsourced and must be made and designed by the team. The amount of fuel that can be outside of the fuel tank has been reduced from 2 litres (3.5 imp pt) to 250 millilitres (0.44 imp pt). The level of driver aids at the start was decreased.
The early season was heavily disrupted by the 2019-20 coronavirus pandemic, with an announcement prior to the start of the championship that the Chinese Grand Prix would be postponed. Italian-based teams Ferrari and AlphaTauri expressed concern about the spread of the disease and its effect on the championship. Italy has suffered one of the worst outbreaks of the virus, and therefore both teams were concerned about the ability of their staff to leave the quarantine zone established in northern Italy and to enter host nations. Pre-season testing in Barcelona proceeded as planned, with all teams and drivers completing the six days of testing.
Ross Brawn, the managing director of the sport, announced that Grands Prix would not go ahead if a team were blocked from entering a host nation, but that events could go ahead if a team voluntarily chose not to enter a host nation. In early March organisers of the Bahrain Grand Prix stated that the event would be "participants-only" and that no spectators would be allowed.
The season-opening Australian Grand Prix was expected to go ahead and all teams and drivers arrived at the venue as planned. Three days before the race was due to take place, McLaren announced their withdrawal from the event after a team member tested positive for the virus. This led to the Grand Prix being cancelled altogether the following morning. Later that day, it was announced that the Bahrain Grand Prix would be postponed rather than closed to spectators, as would the inaugural Vietnamese Grand Prix. Formula One and the FIA released a joint statement saying that they "expect to begin the Championship in Europe at the end of May" but that this timeline "will be regularly reviewed". The annual summer break, where factories shut down for two weeks, was brought forward from August to March and April. Teams will nominate a three-week period to close with the aim of making room for races later in the year.
On 19 March, the FIA announced that the Dutch, Spanish and Monaco Grands Prix had all been postponed indefinitely due to the pandemic. In the statement, the FIA said they now expect to begin the season "as soon as it is safe to do so after May" and that the situation would continue to be monitored. The organisers of the Monaco race, Automobile Club de Monaco, clarified that the race had been cancelled. This means that Formula One would not race in Monaco for the first time since 1954. Four days later, organisers of the Azerbaijan Grand Prix announced that the race had been postponed.
In March teams agreed that the 2020 Championship could run into early 2021 to ensure the running of as many races as possible. Such a move would also ensure that eight Grands Prix could be held, thereby meeting the minimum number of races needed for the season to qualify as a World Championship. The Abu Dhabi Grand Prix is contractually obligated to be the final race of the season.
|Round||Grand Prix||Pole position||Fastest lap||Winning driver||Winning constructor||Report||Ref.|
|--||Australian Grand Prix||Cancelled due to the 2019-20 coronavirus pandemic[b]||Report|||
|--||Bahrain Grand Prix||Postponed due to the 2019-20 coronavirus pandemic||Report|||
|--||Vietnamese Grand Prix||Report|||
|--||Chinese Grand Prix||Report|||
|--||Dutch Grand Prix||Report|||
|--||Spanish Grand Prix||Report|||
|--||Monaco Grand Prix||Cancelled due to the 2019-20 coronavirus pandemic||Report|||
|--||Azerbaijan Grand Prix||Postponed due to the 2019-20 coronavirus pandemic||Report|||
|1||Canadian Grand Prix||Report|
|2||French Grand Prix||Report|
|3||Austrian Grand Prix||Report|
|4||British Grand Prix||Report|
|5||Hungarian Grand Prix||Report|
|6||Belgian Grand Prix||Report|
|7||Italian Grand Prix||Report|
|8||Singapore Grand Prix||Report|
|9||Russian Grand Prix||Report|
|10||Japanese Grand Prix||Report|
|11||United States Grand Prix||Report|
|12||Mexico City Grand Prix||Report|
|13||Brazilian Grand Prix||Report|
|14||Abu Dhabi Grand Prix||Report|