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2019 Pan American Games
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2019 Pan American Games
18th Pan American Games
2019 Pan American Games logo.svg
Logo of the 2019 Pan American Games
Host city Lima
Country Peru
Nations participating 41
Athletes participating 6690 quota limit
Events 424 in 39 sports
Opening ceremony July 26
Closing ceremony August 11
Main venue Estadio Nacional de Lima
Website www.lima2019.pe

The 2019 Pan American Games, officially the XVIII Pan American Games or the 18th Pan American Games, will be a major international multi-sport event that is scheduled to be celebrated in the tradition of the Pan American Games, as governed by Pan American Sports Organization (PASO). The games are scheduled to be held from July 26 to August 11, 2019, in Lima, Peru.[1] preliminary rounds in certain events are scheduled to begin a day before on July 25, 2019. These will be the first Pan American Games held in Peru, becoming the largest sporting event hosted by the country.[2] The Games were held at venues in Lima and other municipalities in the surrounding region. The Pan American Games and 2019 Parapan American Games are being organized by the Organizing Committee of the Lima 2019 Pan American and Parapan American Games (COPAL).

Bidding process

Lima was selected as the host city of the 2019 Pan American Games

A total of four bids were submitted for the 2019 Pan American Games, and they were officially announced on February 1, 2013. These were Lima in Peru, Santiago in Chile, Ciudad Bolívar in Venezuela and La Punta in Argentina.[3] Lima bid for the games for the second consecutive time after losing to Toronto for the 2015 edition of the games. Santiago had won the rights to stage the 1975 and 1987 Pan American Games but withdrew both times before hosting. The other two cities bid for the games for the first time. Lima was elected as the host city on October 11, 2013 where PASO members gathered in Toronto, Ontario, Canada to elect the host city.[4] The city was considered the favourite to win the rights to host throughout the contest.[1]

2019 Pan American Games bidding results
City NOC Round 1
Lima  Peru 31
La Punta  Argentina 9
Santiago  Chile 9
Ciudad Bolívar  Venezuela 8

Development and preparation

Venues

The events will be held in various Lima districts and neighboring cities, with most of them concentrated in the clusters of VIDENA (a complex in the San Luis District), Pan American Park (Villa María del Triunfo), the Sports Village of Callao, and a sports complex in Costa Verde.

The Estadio Nacional is scheduled to host the opening and closing ceremonies

Financing

The total budget is estimated at US$1.2 billion, with $470 million in sports infrastructure, $180 million building the Pan American Village, $430 spent in organization, and $106 for other expenses.[5]

Athlete's Village

9,500 athletes and team officials will be accommodated in a complex with 1,700 units in Villa El Salvador.

The Games

Ceremonies

The opening ceremony of the games is scheduled to take place on July 26, 2019 and the closing ceremony is scheduled to take place on August 11, 2019.[6]

Participating nations

All 41 nations who are members of the Pan American Sports Organization are expected to compete.[7]The numbers in parenthesis represents the number of participants qualified.

Sports

The sports program for the 18th edition of the games has had many changes from four years prior. The first, is the introduction of three new sports: basque pelota (dropped from the last games in 2015) and surfing.[8] In November 2016, it was announced bodybuilding would be the 39th sport on the sports program.[9] The International Olympic Committee (IOC) announced additional sports that were added to the 2020 Summer Olympics, the only two that were not on the Pan American Games sports program was skateboarding and sport climbing. Only the former was added as sport climbing did not have the required number of national federations on the continent. Skateboarding will be considered as a discipline of roller sports.[9] Also included in this was the addition of kata events in karate which were not on the Pan American Games program, but were added onto the program.[10]

In 2016, the IOC made several changes to its sports program, which were subsequently implemented for these games.[11] Included in this is: 4 × 100 m mixed medley relay, the 800 m event for men and 1,500 m for women in swimming, 3x3 basketball, BMX freestyle park, the addition of two boxing events for women, madison in track cycling for men and women, the transfer of three men's events to mixed team events in shooting, the addition of a table tennis mixed doubles event, an archery mixed team event and the inclusion of the triathlon mixed relay. There has also been a reduction of one men's weightlifting event.[12][13] This also meant, the reduction of canoeing events in both slalom and sprint from 2015, with each discipline dropping a men's event. Both disciplines will now be both gender neutral.[11]

Other sports on the program have seen changes to their programs, that are unique to the event (and not because they were added to the 2020 Summer Olympics. In aquatics, there has been the addition of the 1m springboard events in diving.[11] In archery: individual and mixed team compound events.[14] In modern pentathlon, men's, women's and mixed relay were added.[11] Sailing sees the debut of two new events: Nacra 17 and kiteboarding which are replacing the Hobie 16 and J/24 events.[15] In Squash the mixed doubles has been added and in water skiing the women's wakeboard event has also been added.[11] Finally, in taekwondo poomsae events have been added.[16] Other changes include the addition of the women's 50 km walk event in athletics and the addition of extreme canoe slalom events for both men and women in the kayak discipline. Doubles events for each gender in table tennis has also been added.[11] In total 423 events in 39 sports are scheduled to be contested. This is an increase of 60 events from 2015. The 424 events also represents the largest amount of medal events held at a single edition of the Pan American Games.

The only event dropped from the prior games is women's baseball, which was only added for the first time four years prior.[11]

Numbers in parentheses indicate the number of medal events to be contested in each sport/discipline.

Calendar

OC Opening ceremony ? Event competitions 1 Event finals CC Closing ceremony
July/August 25
Thu
26
Fri
27
Sat
28
Sun
29
Mon
30
Tue
31
Wed
1
Thu
2
Fri
3
Sat
4
Sun
5
Mon
6
Tue
7
Wed
8
Thu
9
Fri
10
Sat
11
Sun
Events
Ceremonies (opening / closing) OC CC N/A
Aquatics Synchronized swimming pictogram.svg Artistic swimming ? 2 2
Diving pictogram.svg Diving 2 2 2 2 2 10
2 2
Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming 35
Water polo pictogram.svg Water polo ? ? ? ? ? ? 2 2
Archery pictogram.svg Archery ? ? ? 3 5 8
Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics 2 2 2 48
Badminton pictogram.svg Badminton ? ? ? ? 5 5
Baseball pictogram.svg Baseball ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 1
Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball ? ? 2 ? ? ? ? 1 ? ? ? ? 1 4
Basque pelota pictogram.svg Basque pelota ? ? ? ? ? 5 5 10
Bodybuilding pictogram.svg Bodybuilding 2 2
Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing ? ? ? ?       15
Bowling pictogram.svg Bowling ? 2 ? ? 2 4
Canoeing Canoeing (slalom) pictogram.svg Slalom ? ? 6 6
Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Sprint ? 12
Cycling Cycling (BMX) pictogram.svg BMX 1 1 2 4
Cycling (mountain biking) pictogram.svg Mountain biking 2 2
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Road 2 2 4
Cycling (track) pictogram.svg Track 12
Equestrian Equestrian Dressage pictogram.svg Dressage ? ? 1 1 2
Equestrian Eventing pictogram.svg Eventing ? ? 2 2
Equestrian Jumping pictogram.svg Jumping ? 1 1 2
Fencing pictogram.svg Fencing 2 2 2 2 2 2 12
Field hockey pictogram.svg Field hockey ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 1 2
Football pictogram.svg Football ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 1 2
Golf pictogram.svg Golf ? ? ? 3 3
Gymnastics Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Artistic 1 1 2 5 5 14
Gymnastics (rhythmic) pictogram.svg Rhythmic ? 2 3 3 8
Gymnastics (trampoline) pictogram.svg Trampoline ? 2 2
Handball pictogram.svg Handball ? ? ? ? 1 ? ? ? ? 1 2
Judo pictogram.svg Judo         14
Karate icon.svg Karate 4 5 5 14
Modern pentathlon pictogram.svg Modern pentathlon 5
Racquets pictogram.svg Racquetball ? ? ? ? ? 4 ? ? 2 6
Artistic roller skating pictogram.svg Figure ? 2 2
Skateboarding pictogram.svg Skateboarding ? 4 4
Inline speed skating pictogram.svg Speed 4 2 6
Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing ? ? 14
Rugby union pictogram.svg Rugby sevens ? 2 2
Sailing pictogram.svg Sailing ? ? ? ? ? ?       10
Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting                 15
Softball pictogram.svg Softball ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 2
Squash pictogram.svg Squash ? ? 2 3 ? ? 2 7
Surfing pictogram.svg Surfing ? ? ? ? ? 8 8
Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis ? ? 2 ? ? ? 5 7
Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo` 3 3 3 3 12
Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis ? ? ? ? ? 2 3 5
Triathlon pictogram.svg Triathlon 2 1 3
Volleyball Volleyball (beach) pictogram.svg Beach ? ? ? ? ? 2 2
Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Indoor ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 1 2
Water skiing pictogram.svg Water skiing ? ? 10
Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting 4 4 3 3 14
Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 3 3 6 6 18
Total events 424
Cumulative total N/A
25
Thu
26
Fri
27
Sat
28
Sun
29
Mon
30
Tue
31
Wed
1
Thu
2
Fri
3
Sat
4
Sun
5
Mon
6
Tue
7
Wed
8
Thu
9
Fri
10
Sat
11
Sun
Events

Marketing

The official logo of the 2019 Pan American Games is inspired by an indigenous flower that flourished from June 24 thru September 30, called: Flower of Amancaes. The flower and its pistils represent three athletes with open arms and the three Americas, with the identity of Lima.[17]

Mascot

Milco, the mascot of the 2019 Pan American Games

In June 2017, after over a thousand submissions, the organising committee revealed the final three in the running to be the mascot of the games.[18] The final three designs were: Milco, which was influenced by Cuchimilco sculptures; a flower named Amantis; and Wayqi, a leaf-toed gecko. In July 2017, it was announced Milco was the winner of the contest, receiving 45% of the vote. There was approximately 44,154 votes cast in the contest, the most ever for a mascot competition for the Pan American Games.[19] The winning designer of the competition was awarded 15,000 Peruvian sol (or approximately $4,600 USD).[20] Milco's body is orange and the colour of his short is red, representing the Peruvian flag.[19]

Concerns and controversies

Delays

References

  1. ^ a b McKay, Duncan (11 October 2013). "Lima awarded 2019 Pan American and Parapan Games". Insidethegames.biz. Dunsar Media. Retrieved 2016. 
  2. ^ Wade, Stephen (21 May 2017). "Peru organizes 2019 Pan Am Games in wake of deadly flooding". Toronto Star. Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Retrieved 2017. 
  3. ^ "Four Cities Vying to Host 2019 Pan American Games". www.swimmingworldmagazine.com/. Sports Publications, Inc. 1 February 2013. Retrieved 2017. 
  4. ^ Bauer, Aaron (11 October 2013). "Lima Wins the 2019 Pan American Games". Around the Rings. Atlanta, Georgia, United States. Retrieved 2017. 
  5. ^ "El presupuesto para Lima 2019 está casi listo". La Republica (in Spanish). 2016-07-21. 
  6. ^ "Ceremonies". www.lima2019.pe/. Organizing Committee of the Lima 2019 XVIII Pan American Games and Sixth Parapan American Games (COPAL). Retrieved 2017. 
  7. ^ "Participating Countries". www.lima2019.pe/. Organizing Committee of the Lima 2019 XVIII Pan American Games and Sixth Parapan American Games (COPAL). Retrieved 2017. 
  8. ^ Butler, Nick (7 July 2015). "Surfing added to Lima 2019 Pan American Games programme". Insidethegames.biz. Dunsar Media. Retrieved 2017. 
  9. ^ a b Butler, Nick (17 November 2016). "Bodybuilding added to Lima 2019 programme as agreement signed for event to be shown outside Americas". Insidethegames.biz. Dunsar Media. Retrieved 2016. 
  10. ^ "Notice to visitors :Pan American Games Lima 2019". www.pkfkarate.com/. Panamerican Karate Federation. 4 March 2017. Retrieved 2018. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g "Qualification System manual" (PDF). www.panamsports.org/. Pan American Sports Organization. 25 April 2018. Retrieved 2018. 
  12. ^ "Tokyo 2020 event programme to see major boost for female, youth and urban appeal". www.olympic.org/. International Olympic Committee. 9 June 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  13. ^ Mather, Victor (9 June 2017). "Olympics Adds 3-on-3 Basketball and Mixed Gender Relays". The New York Times. New York City, New York. Retrieved 2017. 
  14. ^ Vazquez, Andrea (17 December 2017). "Compound competition confirmed for 2019 Pan Am Games". www.worldarchery.org/. World Archery. Retrieved 2017. 
  15. ^ "Sailing Events Confirmed for 2019 Pan American Games". www.sailingscuttlebutt.com/. Scuttlebutt Sailing News. 26 May 2017. Retrieved 2017. 
  16. ^ McSweeney, Declan (1 October 2017). "Poomsae taekwondo to make Pan American Games debut at Lima 2019". Insidethegames.biz. Dunsar Media. Retrieved 2017. 
  17. ^ Shirinian, Zjan (27 July 2014). "Logo unveiled for Lima 2019 Pan American Games". Insidethegames.biz. Dunsar Media. Retrieved 2016. 
  18. ^ Etchells, Daniel (17 June 2017). "Lima 2019 reveal mascot contenders following public design competition". Insidethegames.biz. Dunsar Media. Retrieved 2017. 
  19. ^ a b Palmer, Dan (26 July 2017). "Milco revealed as Lima 2019 mascot". Insidethegames.biz. Dunsar Media. Retrieved 2017. 
  20. ^ "Lima 2019 unveils 'Milco', official mascot of the Pan American Games and Parapan American Games". www.aipsmedia.com. Association Internationale De La Presse Sportive (AIPS). 26 July 2017. Retrieved 2017. 

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