2012 Taiwan Presidential Election
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2012 Taiwan Presidential Election

2012 Taiwanese presidential election

← 2008 14 January 2012 (2012-01-14) 2016 →
Registered18,086,455
Turnout74.4% Decrease 2.0 pp
  Ma Ying-jeou election infobox.jpg Tsai Ing-wen election infobox.png
Nominee Ma Ying-jeou Tsai Ing-wen
Party Kuomintang DPP
Running mate Wu Den-yih Su Jia-chyuan
Popular vote 6,891,139 6,093,578
Percentage 51.6% 45.6%

Taiwan presidential election map 2012.svg
Leading candidates and vote share by administrative division

President before election

Ma Ying-jeou
Kuomintang

Elected President

Ma Ying-jeou
Kuomintang

2012 Taiwanese presidential election
Traditional Chinese?

The 13th President and Vice President election of the Republic of China (Chinese: ?) was held on 14 January 2012.[1][2] The election was held concurrently with legislative elections. It was the fifth direct election for the President of the Republic of China. Prior to 1996, the President was elected by the ROC's National Assembly and not directly by the people.

Incumbent Ma Ying-jeou was re-elected as President with 51.6% of the vote. DPP challenger Tsai Ing-wen resigned her post as chairperson of the DPP following her election defeat.[3]

Background

The Kuomintang (KMT or Chinese Nationalist Party) ticket won a landslide victory in 2008 over the incumbent Democratic Progressive Party, with a 2.2 million vote margin on 58% of the valid votes.[4]

The administration of Ma Ying-jeou has been friendlier in policy towards the People's Republic of China and also signed the Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement (ECFA), a preferential trade agreement between the governments of the PRC and the ROC.

The Democratic Progressive Party was hit hard with former president Chen Shui-bian's corruption revelations, but new chairwoman Tsai Ing-wen rebuilt the party, leading to a series of victories in legislative by-elections and local elections.

One big election topic appears to be the "1992 consensus", a term describing the declared outcome of a meeting in 1992 between the semi-official representatives of mainland China and Taiwan. The KMT agrees that this consensus should be the basis for negotiations with the PRC and supports it during the election,[5] while the DPP believes that no such consensus was reached[6] and that as a policy it is equivalent to the One-China principle, which the DPP opposes. Instead, the DPP has advocated that a "Taiwan consensus" be produced in a democratic way, by the legislature and a referendum of the people of Taiwan.[6][7]

Candidates

As determined by a random draw, the DPP's Tsai-Su ticket was listed first on Election Day ballots; the incumbent KMT's Ma-Wu ticket was listed second; and the People First Party (PFP)'s Soong-Lin ticket, third.[8]

Democratic Progressive Party

Incumbent chairperson Tsai Ing-wen was the DPP nominee. She was designated the party's candidate in April 2011 following a primary by opinion polls. Candidates for the DPP primary were Tsai, former premier Su Tseng-chang and former chairman Hsu Hsin-liang. Former Vice President Annette Lu Hsiu-lien announced her intention to run but withdrew. On 9 September 2012 candidate Tsai chose DPP secretary-general Su Jia-chyuan as her running mate.[9]

Democratic Progressive nominees

Green Island with White Cross.svg
2012 Democratic Progressive ticket
Tsai Ing-wen Su Jia-chyuan
for President for Vice President
?.png
? ().jpg
Vice President of the Executive Yuan
(2006-2007)
Minister of the Council of Agriculture
(2006-2008)

Democratic Progressive candidates

Su Tseng-chang Hsu Hsin-liang
Su-Tseng-chang (cropped).jpg
0518 190518 0008.jpg
Magistrate of Taipei County
(1997-2004)
Magistrate of
Taoyuan County

(1977-1979)
41.15% poll rating 12.21% poll rating

Kuomintang

Incumbent President Ma Ying-jeou was standing for re-election.[10] There were no challengers within the party, so no primary was necessary.

Vice President Vincent Siew chose not to run for a second term, and on 19 June 2011 President Ma selected Premier Wu Den-yih as his running mate.[11]

Ma's campaign was run by King Pu-tsung, a former party Secretary-General.

Kuomintang nominees

Ma Ying-jeou and Wu Den-yih election rally in Banqiao District, New Taipei.
Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg
2012 Kuomintang ticket
Ma Ying-jeou Wu Den-yih
for President for Vice President
12?13?.jpg
Wu Den-yih (Chopped).jpg
Mayor of Taipei
(1998-2006)
President of the Executive Yuan
(2009-2012)

People First Party

PFP chairman James Soong Chu-yu launched the party's first-ever Presidential bid on 20 September 2011. Soong had stated, however, that his candidacy is contingent on the success of a nationwide million signature drive. He has vowed to run and keep his candidacy active through the election if his campaign garners one million signatures throughout Taiwan.[12]

Soong chose National Taiwan University professor emeritus Lin Ruey-shiung, a career scientist and academic with no political experience, to be his running mate.

Soong contended that the Taiwanese people desire a third choice outside the two main parties (KMT and DPP), despite concerns that his decision may split the Pan-Blue coalition vote to hand victory to the Pan-Green candidate as may have happened in the 2000 Presidential election.[13][14]

People First nominees

LogoPFP.svg
2012 People First ticket
James Soong Lin Ruey-shiung
for President for Vice President
2016.jpg
Voa chinese LinRuey-shiung20111124.jpg
Governor of Taiwan Province
(1993-1998)
Dean of the National Taiwan
University
Medical School
(1993-1996)

Polls

After initially trailing, Ma started to pick up the lead, without Soong as a candidate, after September, 2011 in most opinion polls. However, Tsai benefited from the debates in the later stages.

Result

Voting took place between 8:00 and 16:00 local time at 14,806 polling stations.[15] After Ma's re-election,[16] he announced that his victory had vindicated his policies in regards to cross-strait relations.[17] Tsai conceded the election and resigned from her position as head of the DPP.[18] Turnout was reported to be over 74%.[19]

Ma Ying-jeou and Wu Den-yih were inaugurated as the President and Vice President of Taiwan respectively at the Presidential Office Building on 20 May 2012.[20]


e o d Summary of the 2012 Taiwanese presidential election results
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
President Vice president
Kuomintang Ma Ying-jeou Wu Den-yih 6,891,139 51.60%
 
Democratic Progressive Party Tsai Ing-wen Su Jia-chyuan 6,093,578 45.63%
 
People First Party James Soong Lin Ruey-shiung 369,588 2.77%
 
Valid votes 13,354,305 99.27%
Invalid and blank votes 97,711 0.73%
Total votes 13,452,016 100%
Eligible voters and turnout 18,086,455 74.38%

Details

Result by cities and counties
City/County Number of voters Tsai Ma Soong Invalid Participation rate Margin

2012ROCPresident.svg

Count % Count % Count %
Taipei City 2,102,664 634,565 39.54% 928,717 57.87% 41,448 2.58% 9,669 76.78% 294,152
New Taipei City 3,074,849 1,007,551 43.46% 1,245,673 53.73% 65,269 2.81% 15,215 75.90% 238,122
Taoyuan City 1,506,311 445,308 39.85% 639,151 57.20% 32,927 2.95% 7,610 74.69% 193,843
Taichung City 2,018,158 678,736 44.68% 792,334 52.16% 48,030 3.16% 9,953 75.76% 113,598
Tainan City 1,485,047 631,232 57.72% 435,274 39.80% 27,066 2.48% 8,090 74.18% 195,958
Kaohsiung City 2,192,005 883,158 53.42% 730,461 44.19% 39,469 2.39% 10,944 75.91% 152,697
Yilan 358,059 135,156 52.53% 115,496 44.89% 6,652 2.58% 2,437 72.54% 19,660
Hsinchu County 384,261 89,741 30.93% 190,797 65.76% 9,599 3.31% 2,176 76.07% 101,056
Miaoli County 436,219 107,164 33.18% 206,200 63.85% 9,597 2.97% 2,600 74.63% 99,036
Changhua County 1,005,714 340,069 46.49% 369,968 50.58% 21,403 2.93% 7,367 73.46% 29,899
Nantou 411,482 123,077 42.37% 158,703 54.63% 8,726 3.00% 2,165 71.13% 35,626
Yunlin 563,034 214,141 55.81% 159,891 41.67% 9,662 2.51% 4,348 68.92% 54,250
Chiayi County 431,588 181,463 58.58% 120,946 39.04% 7,364 2.38% 3,052 72.48% 60,517
Pingtung County 684,517 271,722 55.13% 211,571 42.93% 9,562 1.94% 4,571 72.67% 60,151
Taitung County 178,938 33,417 30.50% 72,823 66.47% 3,313 3.02% 1,019 61.79% 39,406
Hualien County 263,888 43,845 25.94% 118,815 70.30% 6,359 3.76% 1,570 64.64% 74,970
Penghu County 77,817 20,717 45.65% 22,579 49.75% 2,082 4.58% 543 59.01% 1,862
Keelung 302,139 79,562 36.77% 128,294 59.29% 8,533 3.94% 1,414 72.09% 48,732
Hsinchu City 312,118 92,632 39.49% 134,728 57.43% 7,216 3.08% 1,628 75.68% 42,096
Chiayi City 205,711 76,711 51.04% 69,535 46.27% 4,042 2.69% 973 73.53% 7,176
Kinmen County 83,949 3,193 8.21% 34,676 89.23% 990 2.54% 316 46.67% 31,483
Lienchiang County
(Matsu Islands)
7,987 418 8.03% 4,507 86.60% 279 5.36% 51 65.79% 4,089
Note:
  • Winners are marked in red.

Reactions

  •  PRC - The State Council's Taiwan Affairs Office stated Ma's reelection proved the developments in cross-strait relations during his term is "the correct path that has won the support of the majority of the Taiwanese compatriots."[21]
  •  Hong Kong - Chief Executive candidate Henry Tang said the result reflects that Taiwanese people approve Ma's cross-strait policies, and expressed his wishes for peaceful and stable situation for economic development.[22]
  •  Singapore - Even before the confirmation of the result, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a statement congratulating Ma[23] saying: "Singapore and Taiwan enjoy a close and friendly relationship which goes back many years [and that] they will continue to strengthen this relationship based on Singapore's "One China" policy." It added by wishing "all the parties success in working towards greater peace and prosperity, [sic] and securing the well-being of the future generations."
  •  United States - The White House issued a statement congratulating Ma and added it congratulates "the people of Taiwan on the successful conduct of their presidential and legislative elections;" also adding: "We hope the impressive efforts that both sides have undertaken in recent years to build cross-strait ties continue."[17]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Central Election Commission:::Presidential Elections:::". Central Election Commission. Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ Angella Tsai and Lilian Wu (21 April 2011). "Presidential, legislative poll set tentatively for Jan. 14". Central News Agency. Retrieved 2011.
  3. ^ "Tsai steps down as DPP chair after election defeat" Focus Taiwan News Channel. 2012.01.14
  4. ^ "USCI Symposium on 2008 Taiwanese presidential election". USC US-China Institute. Retrieved 2011.
  5. ^ "?". Kuomintang. Archived from the original on 1 January 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  6. ^ a b "?:?92 ". The Liberty Times. Retrieved 2012.
  7. ^ "". Democratic Progressive Party. Archived from the original on 26 September 2011. Retrieved 2012.
  8. ^ "Cna English News". Focustaiwan.tw. Retrieved 2012.
  9. ^ Su Jia-chyuan picked as DPP vice-presidential candidate, 9 September 2011, retrieved 2011
  10. ^ Mo Yan-chih (8 April 2011). "Ma sends KMT members to claim 2012 registration". Taipei Times. Retrieved 2011.
  11. ^ Ma picks Wu as vice presidential candidate, 19 June 2011, retrieved 2010
  12. ^ "James Soong announces Taiwan presidential bid". Asiaone.com. 21 September 2011. Retrieved 2012.
  13. ^ "Articles - The Interpreter". lowyinterpreter.org.
  14. ^ "Asia Times Online :: China News, China Business News, Taiwan and Hong Kong News and Business". Atimes.com. 4 October 2011. Retrieved 2012.
  15. ^ CEC finalizes two-in-one poll preparations Archived 29 May 2014 at the Wayback Machine Taiwan Today. 13 January 2012
  16. ^ "2012? - ". Cec.gov.tw. Archived from the original on 16 January 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  17. ^ a b "Taiwan's China-Friendly President Re-Elected". Associated Press. 14 January 2012. Archived from the original on 15 January 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  18. ^ Wu, Sofia; Wang, Jamie; Lin, Kendra; Lee, James (14 January 2012). "Tsai steps down as DPP chair after election defeat (update)". Taipei. Central News Agency. Retrieved 2012.
  19. ^ "New York Times article on election". Retrieved 2012.
  20. ^ "May 20, 2012 - Members of the US Navy Blue Angels separate while performing". The Economic Times.
  21. ^ Forsythe, Michael; Sun, Yu-Huay; Wong, Andrew (14 January 2012). "Ma Wins Second Term in Taiwan Election". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 2012.
  22. ^ "RTHK".
  23. ^ "404". Channel NewsAsia.

External links

Candidate Information


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