|1989 Spanish Grand Prix|
|Race 14 of 16 in the 1989 Formula One World Championship|
|Date||1 October 1989|
|Official name||XXXI Gran Premio Tio Pepe de España|
Circuito Permanente de Jerez|
Jerez de la Frontera, Spain
|Course||Permanent racing facility|
|Course length||4.218 km (2.6209 mi)|
|Distance||73 laps, 307.918 km (191.328 mi)|
|Weather||Dry, hot, sunny|
|Time||1:25.779 on lap 55|
The 73-lap race was won from pole position by Ayrton Senna, driving a McLaren-Honda. Gerhard Berger was second in a Ferrari, while Senna's teammate and Drivers' Championship rival Alain Prost was third.
With Nigel Mansell banned from the race and fined $50,000 following his disqualification and collision with Senna in Portugal the previous week, Ferrari entered only one car for Berger. Senna's win kept the Drivers' Championship alive, but Prost's result meant that the Brazilian had to win both remaining races in order to beat the Frenchman to the title.
Osella topped a pre-qualifying session for the first time this season as Nicola Larini was fastest by four tenths of a second, ahead of Onyx driver JJ Lehto. Larini's team-mate Piercarlo Ghinzani was third, only the second time in 1989 he had progressed to the main qualifying sessions. The fourth pre-qualifier was the Larrousse-Lola of Philippe Alliot.
Gabriele Tarquini was fifth in his AGS, his sixth successive failure to pre-qualify. Stefan Johansson was down in sixth in the other Onyx after an engine failure, failing to pre-qualify after his podium achievement at the previous race. Roberto Moreno was seventh in the Coloni, with the other Larrousse-Lola of Michele Alboreto down in eighth, his lowest placing thus far. The usual suspects were in the lower positions, with ninth-placed Bernd Schneider notching up his thirteenth consecutive failure to pre-qualify in the Zakspeed, followed by Yannick Dalmas in the other AGS. Schneider's team-mate Aguri Suzuki was eleventh, his fourteenth failure, ahead of Oscar Larrauri's EuroBrun. Bottom of the timings was Enrico Bertaggia in the second Coloni, over two seconds behind his team-mate Moreno.
Ayrton Senna blasted around the 4.218 km (2.6209 mi) Jerez circuit in 1:20.291 to take his pole position record to 40. Gerhard Berger was second in his Ferrari 640, only 0.274 seconds behind the man who would be his 1990 teammate at McLaren. Over a second behind Senna in third was world championship leader Alain Prost in his McLaren, with the surprise of late season qualifying, Pierluigi Martini, fourth in his Minardi, the Pirelli qualifying tyres once again coming to the fore. Martini had been an incredible second fastest after Friday qualifying, only 0.388 slower than Senna.
Philippe Alliot snared a career best fifth place on the grid in his Larrousse, proving that both the Lola chassis and the Lamborghini V12 designed by Mauro Forghieri was starting to come good. It also enhanced Alliot's reputation as a demon qualifier.
Williams-Renault entered two different model cars for their drivers Thierry Boutsen and Riccardo Patrese. Boutsen qualified 21st the new Williams FW13 that had debuted in Portugal, while Patrese reverted to the older model FW12C and ended up sixth on the grid ahead his former Brabham teammate Nelson Piquet in a surprisingly fast Lotus.
|15||22||Andrea de Cesaris||Dallara-Ford||1:24.900||1:23.186||+2.895|
McLarens reigning World Champion Ayrton Senna took the pole, set the fastest race lap and kept the world championship alive with his sixth win of the season. Second with his third podium finish in a row following his second in Italy and his win in the previous race in Portugal was the Ferrari 640 of Gerhard Berger. World Championship leader Alain Prost finished third in his McLaren-Honda in what was his last race finish for the team with whom he won the 1985 and 1986 World Drivers' Championships.
Rounding out the points were the 'find of the season' Jean Alesi in his Tyrrell in fourth, the older model Williams-Renault of Patrese in fifth in what would be the FW12C's final race, and giving the Lamborghini V12 its first ever points finish in Formula One was Alliot in what would be the best drive of his Grand Prix career.
Prost's third place gave him a 16-point lead over Senna with only two races to go. If he was to retain his title, the Brazilian would need to win in both Japan and Australia with Prost scoring no more than two more points. If that had turned out to be the case and the pair had ended the season with the same number of points, Senna would have won the championship on a count back with six wins to Prost's four.
|2||28||Gerhard Berger||Ferrari||73||+ 27.051||2||6|
|3||2||Alain Prost||McLaren-Honda||73||+ 53.788||3||4|
|4||4||Jean Alesi||Tyrrell-Ford||72||+ 1 Lap||9||3|
|5||6||Riccardo Patrese||Williams-Renault||72||+ 1 Lap||6||2|
|6||30||Philippe Alliot||Lola-Lamborghini||72||+ 1 Lap||5||1|
|7||22||Andrea de Cesaris||Dallara-Ford||72||+ 1 Lap||15|
|8||11||Nelson Piquet||Lotus-Judd||71||+ 2 Laps||7|
|9||9||Derek Warwick||Arrows-Ford||71||+ 2 Laps||16|
|10||3||Jonathan Palmer||Tyrrell-Ford||71||+ 2 Laps||13|
|Ret||20||Emanuele Pirro||Benetton-Ford||59||Spun Off||10|
|Ret||7||Martin Brundle||Brabham-Judd||51||Spun Off||8|
|Ret||24||Luis Pérez-Sala||Minardi-Ford||47||Spun Off||20|
|Ret||5||Thierry Boutsen||Williams-Renault||40||Fuel Pump||21|
|Ret||23||Pierluigi Martini||Minardi-Ford||27||Spun Off||4|
|Ret||19||Alessandro Nannini||Benetton-Ford||14||Spun Off||14|