1988 Israeli Legislative Election
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1988 Israeli Legislative Election
Elections for the 12th Knesset
Israel
← 1984 1 November 1988 1992 →
Turnout79.7%

Elections for the 12th Knesset were held in Israel on 1 November 1988. Voter turnout was 79.7%.[1]

Parliament factions

The table below lists the parliamentary factions represented in the 11th Knesset.

Name Ideology Symbol Leader 1984 result Seats at 1988
dissolution
Votes (%) Seats
Alignment Social democracy
Labor Zionism
Shimon Peres 34.9%[a]
Mapam Labor Zionism
Socialism
Yair Tzaban
Likud National conservatism
National liberalism
Yitzhak Shamir 31.9%
Tehiya-Tzomet Ultranationalism
Revisionist Zionism
? Yuval Ne'eman
Rafael Eitan
4.0%
Mafdal Religious Zionism ? Yosef Burg 3.5%
Hadash Communism
Socialism
? Meir Vilner 3.4%
Shas Religious conservatism
Populism
Yitzhak Peretz 3.1%
Shinui Liberalism
Centrism
Amnon Rubinstein 2.7%
Ratz Social democracy
Secularism
Shulamit Aloni 2.4%
Yahad Centrism ? Ezer Weizman 2.2%
PLFP Pro-peace ? Mohammed Miari 1.8%
Agudat Yisrael Religious conservatism ? Avraham Yosef Shapira 1.7%
Morasha Religious conservatism
Social Conservatism
Haim Drukman 1.6%
Tami Religious Zionism
Economic egalitarianism
Aharon Abuhatzira 1.5%
Kach Religious Zionism
Kahanism
Meir Kahane 1.2%
Ometz National liberalism Yigal Hurvitz 1.2%

Results

1988 Knesset.svg
Party Votes % Seats +/-
Likud 1 6 7 709,305 31.1 40 -1
Alignment 6 7 685,363 30.0 39 -5
Shas 2 107,709 4.7 6 +2
Agudat Yisrael 3 102,714 4.5 5 +2
Ratz 4 97,513 4.3 5 +2
National Religious Party 89,720 3.9 5 +1
Hadash 5 84,032 3.7 4 0
Tehiya 70,730 3.1 3 -2
Mapam 4 56,345 2.5 3 New
Tzomet 45,489 2.0 2 New
Moledet 44,174 1.9 2 New
Shinui 4 6 39,538 1.7 2 -1
Degel HaTorah 34,279 1.5 2 New
Progressive List for Peace 33,279 1.5 1 -1
Arab Democratic Party 27,012 1.2 1 New
Pensioners 16,674 0.7 0 New
Meimad 15,783 0.7 0 New
Derekh Aretz 4,253 0.2 0 New
Or Movement 4,182 0.2 0 New
Movement for Social Justice 3,222 0.1 0 New
Yishai - Tribal Israel Together 2,947 0.1 0 New
Movement for Moshavim 2,838 0.1 0 New
Tarshish 1,654 0.1 0 New
Silent Power 1,579 0.1 0 New
Movement for Demobilised Soldiers 1,018 0.0 0 New
Yemenite Association 909 0.0 0 New
Unity - for Victor Tayar to the Knesset 446 0.0 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 22,444 - - -
Total 2,305,567 100 120 0
Source: Nohlen et al.

1 Five members of the Likud left to form the Party for the Advancement of the Zionist Idea; after two returned, the party was renamed the New Liberal Party. One member moved from the Alignment to the Likud.

2 One MK left Shas and established Moria.

3 One MK left Agudat Yisrael and established Geulat Yisrael.

4 Ratz, Mapam, and Shinui merged into Meretz.

5Black Panthers broke away from Hadash.

6 One member of Shinui joined Ratz, whilst an Alignment MK joined Shinui.

7Efraim Gur left the Alignment to establish Unity for Peace and Immigration, which later merged into Likud.

The 12th Knesset

Likud's Yitzhak Shamir formed the twenty-third government on 22 December 1988, including the Alignment, the National Religious Party, Shas, Agudat Yisrael and Degel HaTorah in his coalition, with 25 ministers.

In 1990 Shimon Peres tried to form an Alignment-led coalition in a move that became known as "the dirty trick", but failed to win sufficient support. Eventually Shamir formed the twenty-fourth government on 11 June 1990, with a coalition encompassing Likud, the National Religious Party, Shas, Agudat Yisrael, Degel HaTorah, the New Liberal Party, Tehiya, Tzomet, Moledet, Unity for Peace and Immigration and Geulat Yisrael. Tehiya, Tzomet and Moledet all left the coalition in late 1991/early 1992 in protest at Shamir's participation in the Madrid Conference.

The Twelfth Knesset saw the rise of the ultra-orthodox religious parties as a significant force in Israeli politics, and as a crucial "swing" element which could determine which of the large 2 secular parties (Likud, Alignment) would get to form the coalition government.

Notes

  1. ^ Mapam had been part of the Alignment since 1969, but the party broke away prior to the 1988 election as a gesture of disapproval of the national unity government with Likud.

References

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p127 ISBN 0-19-924958-X

External links


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