1986 Spanish NATO Membership Referendum
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1986 Spanish NATO Membership Referendum
1986 Spanish NATO membership referendum
12 March 1986

"The Government considers it convenient, for national interests, for Spain to remain in the Atlantic Alliance, and agrees that such permanence be established in the following terms: (1) Non-incorporation into NATO's military structure; (2) Prohibition on the installation, storage or entry of nuclear weapons on Spanish territory; (3) Gradual reduction of the United States' military presence in Spain. In your view, should Spain continue to be a member of the Atlantic Alliance subject to the terms agreed by the national Government?"
LocationSpain
Results
Response
Votes %
checkY Yes 9,054,509 56.85%
?N No 6,872,421 43.15%
Valid votes 15,926,930 92.35%
Invalid or blank votes 1,319,522 7.65%
Total votes 17,246,452 100.00%
29,024,494 59.42%

SpainProvinceMapR1986.png
Results by provinces
Provincial results map for the referendum

A referendum on the Spanish NATO membership was held in Spain on Wednesday, 12 March 1986. Voters were asked whether they ratified the national Government's proposal for the country remaining a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), which it had joined in 1982.[1]

The question asked was "The Government considers it convenient, for national interests, for Spain to remain in the Atlantic Alliance, and agrees that such permanence be established in the following terms: (1) Non-incorporation into NATO's military structure; (2) Prohibition on the installation, storage or entry of nuclear weapons on Spanish territory; (3) Gradual reduction of the United States' military presence in Spain. Question: In your view, should Spain continue to be a member of the Atlantic Alliance subject to the terms agreed by the national Government?" (Spanish: El Gobierno considera conveniente, para los intereses nacionales, que España permanezca en la Alianza Atlántica, y acuerda que dicha permanencia se establezca en los siguientes términos: 1.º La participación de España en la Alianza Atlántica no incluirá su incorporación a la estructura militar integrada. 2.º Se mantendrá la prohibición de instalar, almacenar o introducir armas nucleares en territorio español. 3.º Se procederá a la reducción progresiva de la presencia militar de los Estados Unidos en España. ¿Considera conveniente para España permanecer en la Alianza Atlántica en los términos acordados por el Gobierno de la Nación?).[2]

The referendum resulted in 56.9% of valid votes in favour of remaining within NATO on a turnout of 59.4%.[3][4]

Opinion polls

The table below lists voting intention estimates in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading choice's colour. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the "Remain" and "Leave" choices in a given poll.

Results

Overall

Question

The Government considers it convenient, for national interests, for Spain to remain in the Atlantic Alliance, and agrees that such permanence be established in the following terms: (1) Non-incorporation into NATO's military structure; (2) Prohibition on the installation, storage or entry of nuclear weapons on Spanish territory; (3) Gradual reduction of the United States' military presence in Spain. In your view, should Spain continue to be a member of the Atlantic Alliance subject to the terms agreed by the national Government?

Referendum results
Choice Votes %
Referendum passed Yes 9,054,509 56.85
No 6,872,421 43.15
Valid votes 15,926,930 92.35
Invalid or blank votes 1,319,522 7.65
Total votes 17,246,452 100.00
Registered voters and turnout 29,024,494 59.42
Source: Ministry of the Interior[5]

Results by region

Region Electorate Turnout Yes No
Votes % Votes %
Andalusia 4,810,221 61.55 1,868,623 67.38 904,635 32.62
Aragon 952,361 60.17 318,640 61.72 197,608 38.28
Asturias 907,599 56.36 273,074 57.28 203,622 42.72
Balearic Islands 524,710 52.03 151,881 61.11 96,663 38.89
Basque Country 1,644,108 65.41 336,518 32.45 700,539 67.55
Canary Islands 1,003,385 55.39 242,015 46.31 280,639 53.69
Cantabria 402,339 59.64 140,251 63.96 79,031 36.04
Castile and León 2,071,409 56.44 627,633 61.54 392,251 38.46
Castilla-La Mancha 1,283,563 58.30 451,729 68.42 208,484 31.58
Catalonia 4,614,731 62.80 1,263,416 46.28 1,466,639 53.72
Extremadura 823,281 61.96 305,219 65.79 158,723 34.21
Galicia 2,220,686 38.51 465,103 59.10 321,809 40.90
La Rioja 202,523 59.97 69,405 63.92 39,174 36.08
Madrid 3,591,044 60.91 1,135,636 56.77 864,700 43.23
Murcia 723,287 61.39 254,572 62.08 155,469 37.92
Navarre 396,841 62.64 99,815 43.28 130,828 56.72
Valencian Community 2,776,354 66.33 1,027,648 60.73 664,465 39.27
Total 29,024,494 59.42 9,054,509 56.85 6,872,421 43.15
Sources[5]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Respondents were asked on how they would vote based on the actual referendum question: "In your view, should Spain continue to be a member of the Atlantic Alliance subject to the terms agreed by the national Government?"
  2. ^ a b c d e f Respondents were asked "If at the time of holding the referendum, the Government had secured a reduction of the American bases in Spain, would you vote For or Against of Spain remaining a NATO member outside the Military Structure?"
  3. ^ a b c d Respondents were asked "If the NATO referendum was held tomorrow, would you vote For or Against Spain leaving NATO completely?" As permanence within NATO was asked conversely to other questions, "For" and "Against" results have been assigned to Leave and Remain, respectively, to maintain consistency.
  4. ^ a b c d Respondents were asked "If the NATO referendum was held tomorrow, would you vote For or Against Spain remaining a NATO member but outside the Military Structure?"
  5. ^ a b c d Respondents were asked "If the NATO referendum was held tomorrow, would you vote For or Against Spain joining NATO Military Structure?"
  6. ^ a b Respondents were asked "If a referendum was held tomorrow, would you vote For or Against a definitive incorporation to NATO?"
  7. ^ Respondents were asked "If there were a referendum on the entry of Spain into NATO, how would you vote?" and given the options of "For" and "Against".

References

Opinion poll sources
  1. ^ "Referéndum Alianza Atlántica (Estudio nº 1.521. Marzo 1986)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 11 March 1986.
  2. ^ "Referéndum Alianza Atlántica. Marzo - 86 (Estudio nº 1.520)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 7 March 1986.
  3. ^ "Estudio ECO 1.519 (Marzo 1986)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 4 March 1986.
  4. ^ "Se mantiene estable la mayoría favorable al 'no'". El País (in Spanish). 6 March 1986.
  5. ^ "Ficha técnica". El País (in Spanish). 6 March 1986.
  6. ^ "Apretado margen para una decisión histórica". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 6 March 1986.
  7. ^ "Referéndum OTAN (Estudio nº 1.514. 27 de Febrero de 1986)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 27 February 1986.
  8. ^ "Disminuye la diferencia entre el 'sí' y el 'no' a la permanencia en la OTAN". El País (in Spanish). 23 February 1986.
  9. ^ "Ficha técnica del sondeo". El País (in Spanish). 23 February 1986.
  10. ^ "Estudio 1.511 (Febrero de 1986)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 23 February 1986.
  11. ^ "El CIS prevé un 27 % de síes y un 31 % de noes en el referéndum OTAN". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 23 February 1986.
  12. ^ "Estudio nº 1.510 (Febrero 1986)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 15 February 1986.
  13. ^ "Referéndum Alianza Atlántica (Estudio nº 1.509)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 10 February 1986.
  14. ^ "Post-debate parlamentario. Febrero '86 (Febrero 1986)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 10 February 1986.
  15. ^ "Serias probabilidades de que el Gobierno pierda el referéndum". El País (in Spanish). 9 February 1986.
  16. ^ "Ficha técnica del sondeo". El País (in Spanish). 9 February 1986.
  17. ^ "Estudio sobre la OTAN (Enero 1986. Estudio 1502)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 25 January 1986.
  18. ^ ""Barómetro enero 1986". Estudio C.I.S. nº 1.501 (Enero 1986)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 1 January 1986.
  19. ^ "Estudio sobre la OTAN (Diciembre 85. Estudio 1498)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 16 December 1985.
  20. ^ "Barómetro. Estudio C.I.S. nº 1.478 (Octubre 1985)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 1 October 1985.
  21. ^ "Barómetro. Estudio C.I.S. nº 1471 (Julio 1985)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 20 July 1985.
  22. ^ "Cuestiones de política exterior. Estudio C.I.S. 1463 (Junio 1985)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 11 June 1985.
  23. ^ "Banco de Datos del CIS". CIS (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018.
  24. ^ "Barómetro septiembre 1984 (Estudio nº 1.428. Septiembre 1984)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 1 September 1984.
  25. ^ "Estudio 1.411" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 28 April 1984.
  26. ^ "Política exterior (II) (Estudio nº 1.381. Enero 1984)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 1 January 1984.
  27. ^ "Estudio 1.371" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 13 November 1983.
  28. ^ "Barómetro de marzo (Estudio nº 1.344. Marzo 1983)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 1 March 1983.
  29. ^ "Estudio nº 1.285. Barómetro de Opinión Pública (Septiembre, 1981)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 11 September 1981.
Other
  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1817 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Rodrigo Luelmo, Francisco José (8 July 2016). "The accession of Spain to NATO" (PDF). CVCE.eu by University of Luxembourg. Retrieved 2019. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ "Spain, 12 March 1986: Permanence within NATO". sudd.ch (in German). Direct Democracy. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ "Referéndum consultivo en relación con la Alianza Atlántica". congreso.es (in Spanish). Congress of Deputies. Retrieved 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Electoral Results Consultation. Referendum. March 1986. National totals". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 2017.

Further reading

  • Lawrence Leduc, The Politics of Direct Democracy. Referendums in Global Perspective (Broadview Press, 2003), p. 82.
  • Anthony Gooch, 'A Surrealistic Referendum: Spain and NATO', Government and Opposition 21(3), pp. 300-16.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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