Each winner of the 1983 Governor General's Awards for Literary Merit was selected by a panel of judges administered by the Canada Council for the Arts.
|Fiction||Leon Rooke, Shakespeare's Dog|
|Non-fiction||Jeffery Williams, Byng of Vimy|
|Poetry||David Donnell, Settlements|
|Drama||Anne Chislett, Quiet in the Land||
No advance shortlist was released for this category.
|Fiction||Suzanne Jacob, Laura Laur|
|Non-fiction||Maurice Cusson, Le contrôle social du crime|
|Poetry||Suzanne Paradis, Un goût de sel|
|Drama||René Gingras, Syncope|