1964 Tour De France
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1964 Tour De France

1964 Tour de France
Route of the 1964 Tour de France
Route of the 1964 Tour de France
Race details
Dates22 June - 14 July
Stages22, including three split stages
Distance4,504 km (2,799 mi)
Winning time127h 09' 44"
Results

The 1964 Tour de France was the 51st edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours. It took place between 22 June and 14 July, with 22 stages covering a distance of 4,504 km (2,799 mi). Stages 3, 10 and 22 were all two-part stages with the first half being a regular stage and the second half being a team or individual time trial. It was the only Tour de France to include a mid-stage climb to the L'Alpe D'Huez ski resort. The race was eventually won by Jacques Anquetil following an epic shoulder-to-shoulder battle with Raymond Poulidor during stage 20.

Teams

The 1964 Tour started with 132 cyclists, divided into 12 teams of 11 cyclists.[1]

The teams entering the race were:

Pre-race favourites

The main favourite was defending champion Jacques Anquetil. He had won the 1964 Giro d'Italia earlier that year, and was trying to win a Tour-Giro double, which at that moment had only been done by Fausto Coppi.[1]

Route and stages

The 1964 Tour de France started on 22 June, and had one rest day in Andorra.[2]

Stage characteristics and winners[1][2][3]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
1 22 June Rennes to Lisieux 215 km (134 mi) Plain stage  Edward Sels (BEL)
2 23 June Lisieux to Amiens 208 km (129 mi) Plain stage  André Darrigade (FRA)
3a 24 June Amiens to Forest (Belgium) 197 km (122 mi) Plain stage  Bernard Vandekerkhove (BEL)
3b Forest (Belgium) 21 km (13 mi) Team time trial  Kas-Kaskol
4 25 June Forest (Belgium) to Metz 292 km (181 mi) Plain stage  Rudi Altig (FRG)
5 26 June Lunéville to Freiburg (West Germany) 161 km (100 mi) Plain stage  Willy Derboven (BEL)
6 27 June Freiburg (West Germany) to Besançon 200 km (120 mi) Plain stage  Henk Nijdam (NED)
7 28 June Besançon to Thonon-les-Bains 195 km (121 mi) Plain stage  Jan Janssen (NED)
8 29 June Thonon-les-Bains to Briançon 249 km (155 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Federico Bahamontes (ESP)
9 30 June Briançon to Monaco 239 km (149 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
10a 1 July Monaco to Hyères 187 km (116 mi) Plain stage  Jan Janssen (NED)
10b Hyères to Toulon 21 km (13 mi) Individual time trial  Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
11 2 July Toulon to Montpellier 250 km (160 mi) Plain stage  Edward Sels (BEL)
12 3 July Montpellier to Perpignan 174 km (108 mi) Plain stage  Jo de Roo (NED)
13 4 July Perpignan to Andorra 170 km (110 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Julio Jiménez (ESP)
5 July Andorra Rest day
14 6 July Andorra to Toulouse 186 km (116 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Edward Sels (BEL)
15 7 July Toulouse to Luchon 203 km (126 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Raymond Poulidor (FRA)
16 8 July Luchon to Pau 197 km (122 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Federico Bahamontes (ESP)
17 9 July Peyrehorade to Bayonne 43 km (27 mi) Individual time trial  Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
18 10 July Bayonne to Bordeaux 187 km (116 mi) Plain stage  André Darrigade (FRA)
19 11 July Bordeaux to Brive 215 km (134 mi) Plain stage  Edward Sels (BEL)
20 12 July Brive to Puy de Dôme 217 km (135 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Julio Jiménez (ESP)
21 13 July Clermont-Ferrand to Orléans 311 km (193 mi) Plain stage  Jean Stablinski (FRA)
22a 14 July Orléans to Versailles 119 km (74 mi) Plain stage  Benoni Beheyt (BEL)
22b Versailles to Paris 27 km (17 mi) Individual time trial  Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
Total 4,504 km (2,799 mi)[4]

Race overview

Anquetil, who was looking for his fifth Tour victory, was superior in the time trials, of which he won all three. But Raymond Poulidor dominated in the mountains, and Anquetil was close to losing.

The ninth stage finished in Monaco, where the riders would ride one extra lap, crossing the finish line twice. When the first group, including Poulidor and Anquetil, reached the finish line for the first time, Poulidor had forgotten the extra lap, and sprinted in avail for the victory. When the group reached the finish line for the second time, Anquetil won the sprint, and one minute of bonification time.[5]

In the second part of the tenth stage, the time trial, Anquetil won. Poulidor finished in second place, losing 36 seconds, with a flat tire costing him some time.[5][6]

In the rest day between the thirteenth and the fourteenth stage, Anquetil had joined a lamb barbecue, and in the fourteenth stage he was immediately dropped. His team director gave him a bottle of champagne, which washed away the indigestion, and then Anquetil was able to get back to Poulidor.[6] Poulidor then broke a spoke, the repair cost him some time, even more because a team mechanic, trying to help him gain speed, made him fall.[5]

Poulidor attacked in the fifteenth stage, and stayed away. He won the stage, and in the general classification climbed to third place, nine seconds behind second-placed Anquetil.[5]

Anquetil won the time trial of stage 17, and became the leader; Poulidor was in second place, only 56 seconds behind. In the twentieth stage, Poulidor did not have the right bicycle for the climb, but did not tell it to his team director. Poulidor dropped Anquetil in the climb, but the margin was not big enough for him to take over the lead, and Anquetil remained leader of the race by 14 seconds.[5]

In the final time trial, Anquetil was the favourite, being the specialist. Poulidor rode as fast as he could, and with all other cyclists but Anquetil finished, had the best time. Anquetil was the last rider to ride the time trial, and was five seconds slower at the intermediate time check, which gave Poulidor hope that he could emerge as winner. However, Anquetil was clearly faster in the second part, and won the time trial.[5] Anquetil won the Tour by only 55 seconds,[6] which was at that moment the smallest margin in history.[7]

Classification leadership

There were several classifications in the 1964 Tour de France, two of them awarding jerseys to their leaders.[8] The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.[9]

Additionally, there was a points classification. In the points classification, cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.[10]

There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorised some climbs as either first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorised climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, but was not identified with a jersey.[11]

For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time. The riders in the team that led this classification wore yellow caps.[12]

In addition, there was a combativity award, in which a jury composed of journalists gave points after certain stages to the cyclist they considered most combative. The split stages each had a combined winner.[13] At the conclusion of the Tour, Henry Anglade won the overall super-combativity award, also decided by journalists.[2] The Souvenir Henri Desgrange was given in honour of Tour founder Henri Desgrange to the first rider to pass a point by his former château in Beauvallon, Grimaud. This prize was won by André Darrigade on stage 10a.[14][15][16]

Classification leadership by stage[17][18]
Stage Winner General classification
Points classification
Mountains classification[n 1] Team classification Combativity award Bad luck award
1 Edward Sels Edward Sels Edward Sels Raymond Poulidor Wiel's-Groene Leeuw Henry Anglade Rik Van Looy
2 André Darrigade Jan Janssen Robert Poulot Rik Van Looy Guy Seyve
3a Bernard Van de Kerckhove Bernard Van de Kerckhove Solo-Superia Solo-Superia Valentín Uriona
3b Kas-Kaskol Kas-Kaskol
4 Rudi Altig Rudi Altig Julio Jiménez Pelforth-Sauvage-Lejeune no award Emile Daems
5 Willy Derboven Rudi Altig Rudi Altig Joaquim Galera François Mahé
6 Henk Nijdam Henk Nijdam Ferdinand Bracke
7 Jan Janssen Jan Janssen Julio Jiménez Guy Epaud no award
8 Federico Bahamontes Georges Groussard Federico Bahamontes Jacques Anquetil
9 Jacques Anquetil Federico Bahamontes Jacques Anquetil no award
10a Jan Janssen no award no award
10b Jacques Anquetil
11 Edward Sels no award no award
12 Jo de Roo Saint-Raphaël-Gitane-Dunlop Jos Hoevenaers
13 Julio Jiménez Julio Jiménez Armand Desmet
14 Edward Sels Rudi Altig Henry Anglade Raymond Poulidor
15 Raymond Poulidor Jan Janssen Raymond Poulidor no award
16 Federico Bahamontes Federico Bahamontes no award
17 Jacques Anquetil Jacques Anquetil no award Raymond Poulidor
18 André Darrigade André Darrigade no award
19 Edward Sels Solo-Superia Jean Graczyk
20 Julio Jiménez Jacques Anquetil Luis Otaño
21 Jean Stablinski Joseph Novales no award
22a Benoni Beheyt Benoni Beheyt no award
22b Jacques Anquetil
Final Jacques Anquetil Jan Janssen Federico Bahamontes Pelforth-Sauvage-Lejeune Henry Anglade Rik Van Looy

Final standings

General classification

Final general classification (1-10)[1]
Rank Rider Team Time
1  Jacques Anquetil (FRA) Saint-Raphaël-Gitane-Dunlop 127h 09' 44"
2  Raymond Poulidor (FRA) Mercier-BP-Hutchinson + 55"
3  Federico Bahamontes (ESP) Margnat-Paloma-Dunlop + 4' 44"
4  Henry Anglade (FRA) Pelforth-Sauvage-Lejeune + 6' 42"
5  Georges Groussard (FRA) Pelforth-Sauvage-Lejeune + 10' 34"
6  André Foucher (FRA) Pelforth-Sauvage-Lejeune + 10' 36"
7  Julio Jiménez (ESP) Kas-Kaskol + 12' 13"
8  Gilbert Desmet (BEL) Wiel's-Groene Leeuw + 12' 17"
9  Hans Junkermann (FRG) Wiel's-Groene Leeuw + 14' 02"
10  Vittorio Adorni (ITA) Salvarani + 14' 19"

Points classification

Final points classification (1-10)[19][20]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Jan Janssen (NED) Pelforth-Sauvage-Lejeune 208
2  Ward Sels (BEL) Solo-Superia 199
3  Rudi Altig (FRG) Saint-Raphaël-Gitane-Dunlop 165
4  Gilbert Desmet (BEL) Wiel's-Groene Leeuw 147
5  Raymond Poulidor (FRA) Mercier-BP-Hutchinson 133
6  Jacques Anquetil (FRA) Saint-Raphaël-Gitane-Dunlop 111
7  Benoni Beheyt (BEL) Wiel's-Groene Leeuw 103
7  Henk Nijdam (NED) Televizier 103
9  Vittorio Adorni (ITA) Salvarani 83
10  André Darrigade (FRA) Margnat-Paloma-Dunlop 79

Mountains classification

Team classification

Final team classification[22]
Rank Team Time
1 Pelforth-Sauvage-Lejeune 381h 33' 26"
2 Wiel's-Groene Leeuw + 30' 24"
3 Saint-Raphaël-Gitane-Dunlop + 30' 49"
4 Margnat-Paloma-Dunlop + 53' 09"
5 Kas-Kaskol + 1h 07' 44"
6 Salvarani + 1h 50' 42"
7 Mercier-BP-Hutchinson + 2h 02' 53"
8 Ferrys + 2h 11' 22"
9 Peugeot-BP-Englebert + 2h 27' 35"
10 Flandria-Romeo + 4h 32' 17"
11 Solo-Superia + 4h 39' 05"
12 Televizier + 5h 35' 10"

Notes

  1. ^ No jersey was awarded to the leader of the mountains classification until a white jersey with red polka dots was introduced in 1975.[11]

References

  1. ^ a b c d "51ème Tour de France 1964" (in French). Mémoire du cyclisme. Archived from the original on 3 April 2012. Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ a b c Augendre 2016, p. 55.
  3. ^ Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC top ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 10 June 2009. Retrieved 2010.
  4. ^ Augendre 2016, p. 109.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Boyce, Barry (February 2012). ""Pou-Pou" and the Cruel Tour of 1964". Cycling Revealed. Retrieved 2012.
  6. ^ a b c Amaury Sport Organisation. "The Tour - Year 1964". letour.fr. Archived from the original on 17 July 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  7. ^ "Contador's winning margin is fourth smallest in Tour de France history". VeloNews. 25 July 2010. Retrieved 2012.
  8. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 452-455.
  9. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 452-453.
  10. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, pp. 453-454.
  11. ^ a b Nauright & Parrish 2012, p. 454.
  12. ^ Nauright & Parrish 2012, p. 455.
  13. ^ van den Akker 2018, pp. 211-216.
  14. ^ van den Akker, Pieter. "Souvenir Henri Desgrange". TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl. Archived from the original on 2 March 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  15. ^ "Jean Stablinsky liep veertien minuten weg" [Jean Stablinsky walked away for fourteen minutes]. De Waarheid (in Dutch). 10 July 1957. p. 4 – via Delpher.
  16. ^ "Stablinski en Anglade namen grote voorsprong" [Stablinski and Anglade took a big lead]. Nieuwsblad van het Noorden (in Dutch). 9 July 1957. p. 7 – via Delpher.
  17. ^ "Georges Groussard reed het langst in de gele trui" [Georges Groussard rode the longest in the yellow jersey]. Gazet van Antwerpen (in Dutch). 15 July 1964. p. 14. Archived from the original on 14 February 2019.
  18. ^ van den Akker, Pieter. "Informatie over de Tour de France van 1964" [Information about the Tour de France from 1964]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 2 March 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  19. ^ "Clasificacions" [Classifications] (PDF). Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). 15 July 1964. p. 5. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 May 2017. Retrieved 2019.
  20. ^ "Il Tour in cifre" [The Tour in figures]. Corriere dello Sport (in Italian). 15 July 1964. p. 7. Archived from the original on 25 September 2019.
  21. ^ van den Akker, Pieter. "Bergdoorkomsten in de Tour de France 1964 - Etappe 22B" [Mountain passages in the Tour de France 1964 - Stage 22B]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 6 March 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  22. ^ van den Akker, Pieter. "Stand in het ploegenklassement - Etappe 22B" [Standings in the team classification - Stage 22B]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 6 March 2019. Retrieved 2019.

Bibliography

External links

Media related to 1964 Tour de France at Wikimedia Commons


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