|Dates||March 15-April 10, 1955|
|Champions||Syracuse Nationals (1st title)|
|Runners-up||Fort Wayne Pistons (1st finals appearance)|
The 1955 NBA playoffs was the postseason tournament of the National Basketball Association's 1954-55 season. The tournament concluded with the Eastern Conference champion Syracuse Nationals defeating the Western Conference champion Fort Wayne Pistons 4 games to 3 in the NBA Finals.
For the Pistons, this was their first trip to the NBA Finals in franchise history; they returned the next year, but didn't win their first title until 1989 as the Detroit Pistons.
After experimenting with a round robin playoff format in 1954, the NBA moved to a system in which the top team in each conference earned a first-round bye, giving them the right to start out in the division finals. It remained in place until 1967, when it changed to an eight-team format in which all teams played the first round.
|Division Semifinals||Division Finals||NBA Finals|
Champion: Fort Wayne Pistons
(1) Fort Wayne Pistons have division semifinals bye.
Last Playoff Meeting: 1954 NBA Western Division Finals (Minneapolis won 2-1)
Last Playoff Meeting: 1953 NBA Western Division Finals (Minneapolis won 3-2)
Champion: Syracuse Nationals
(1) Syracuse Nationals have division semifinals bye.
Last Playoff Meeting: 1953 NBA Eastern Division Finals (New York won 3-1)
Last Playoff Meeting: 1954 NBA Eastern Division Finals (Syracuse won 2-0)
Last Playoff Meeting: This is the first meeting between the Nationals and Pistons.