1954 World Series
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1954 World Series

1954 World Series
The Catch.png
Team (Wins) Manager(s) Season
New York Giants (4) Leo Durocher 97-57 (.630), GA: 5
Cleveland Indians (0) Al López 111-43 (.721), GA: 8
DatesSeptember 29 - October 2
MVPDusty Rhodes
UmpiresAl Barlick (NL), Charlie Berry (AL), Jocko Conlan (NL), Johnny Stevens (AL), Lon Warneke (NL: outfield only), Larry Napp (AL: outfield only)
Hall of FamersUmpires:
Al Barlick
Jocko Conlan
Giants:
Leo Durocher (manager)
Monte Irvin
Willie Mays
Hoyt Wilhelm
Indians:
Al López (manager)
Larry Doby
Bob Lemon
Early Wynn
Hal Newhouser
Bob Feller
Broadcast
TelevisionNBC
TV announcersRuss Hodges and Jack Brickhouse
RadioMutual
Radio announcersAl Helfer and Jimmy Dudley

The 1954 World Series matched the National League champion New York Giants against the American League champion Cleveland Indians. The Giants swept the Series in four games to win their first championship since 1933, defeating the heavily favored Indians, who had won an AL-record 111 games in the 154-game regular season (a record since broken by the 1998 New York Yankees with 114 and again by the 2001 Seattle Mariners with 116, tying the 1906 Chicago Cubs for the most wins in a season).

"The Catch" occurred during Game 1 of this series, when Giants center fielder Willie Mays snared a long drive by Vic Wertz near the outfield wall with his back to the infield. Utility player Dusty Rhodes' had clutch hits in three of the four games, including a pinch-hit walk-off that won Game 1, barely clearing the 258-foot (79 m) right-field fence at the Polo Grounds. Giants manager Leo Durocher, who had managed teams to three National League championships, won his only World Series title as a manager. The Giants, who moved west to San Francisco in 1958, did not win another World Series until 2010.

This was the first time that the Indians had been swept in a World Series and the first time that the Giants had swept an opponent in four games (their 1922 sweep included a controversial tie game). Game 2 was the last World Series and playoff game at the Polo Grounds, and Game 4 was the last World Series and playoff game at Cleveland Stadium. The Indians' next World Series was in 1995, a year after Jacobs Field opened.

The NFL game between the Cleveland Browns and Detroit Lions, scheduled for October 3 at Cleveland Stadium, was postponed to December 19.

Background

The Indians, by winning the American League pennant, kept the Yankees from having a chance to win their sixth straight series. The last time the Yankees had been absent from the World Series was 1948, when the Indians defeated the Boston Braves to win the championship. This was also the only World Series from 1949 to 1958 in which the Yankees did not participate.

The Indians easily won the 1954 pennant on the strength of the American League's top pitching staff, leading the AL in team ERA at 2.72 and complete games with 77. Pitchers Early Wynn (23-11, 2.73 ERA) and Bob Lemon (23-7, 2.72 ERA) were in top form, with solid contributions from Mike Garcia (19-8, 2.64) and Art Houtterman (15-7, 3.35). Bob Feller, at age 35, could only make 19 starts, and finished at 13-3. Cleveland also had potent hitting, leading the AL in home runs (156) and finishing second in runs scored (746), although the team managed just 30 stolen bases in 63 attempts. Bobby Ávila led the offense with 112 runs and a .341 batting average, while Larry Doby (.272, 32 HRs, 126 RBIs) and Al Rosen (.300, 24 HRs, 102 RBIs) provided the power. Catcher Jim Hegan made only four errors in 134 games and threw out 44% of would-be base stealers.[1]

The Giants entered the World Series with a top-flight pitching staff as well, with Johnny Antonelli (21-7, 2.30 ERA), Rubén Gómez (17-9, 2.88) and 37-year-old Sal "The Barber" Maglie (14-6, 3.26). The Giants relied more heavily on relief pitching with Hoyt Wilhelm (12-7, 2.10, 7 saves) and Marv Grissom (10-7, 2.35, 19 saves) rounding out a staff that led the NL in team ERA at 3.09 and shutouts with 17. Manager Leo Durocher used a solid, consistent lineup with all of his starters, except for the catching position, playing in at least 135 games. Willie Mays (.345, 41 HRs, 110 RBIs) led an offense that also featured Don Mueller (.342), Alvin Dark (.293, 98 runs), Hank Thompson (26 HRs, 86 RBIs) and pinch-hitter extraordinaire Dusty Rhodes (.341).[2]

Summary

NL New York Giants (4) vs. AL Cleveland Indians (0)

Game Date Score Location Time Attendance 
1 September 29 Cleveland Indians - 2, New York Giants - 5 (10) Polo Grounds 3:11 52,751[3] 
2 September 30 Cleveland Indians - 1, New York Giants - 3 Polo Grounds 2:50 49,099[4] 
3 October 1 New York Giants - 6, Cleveland Indians - 2 Cleveland Stadium 2:28 71,555[5] 
4 October 2 New York Giants - 7, Cleveland Indians - 4 Cleveland Stadium 2:52 78,102[6]

Matchups

Game 1

Wednesday, September 29, 1954 1:00pm (ET) at
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 R H E
Cleveland 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 8 0
New York 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 5 9 3
WP: Marv Grissom (1-0)   LP: Bob Lemon (0-1)
Home runs:
CLE: None
NYG: Dusty Rhodes (1)
Notes: Ceremonial first pitch: Jim Barbieri[7]

Cleveland got on the board right away against Sal Maglie. Leadoff man Al Smith was hit by a pitch, Bobby Ávila singled and Vic Wertz brought home both with a triple to right. Don Liddle and Marv Grissom held them scoreless for the rest of the game.

Bob Lemon gave two back in the third on singles by Whitey Lockman and Alvin Dark, an RBI groundout by Don Mueller, a walk to Willie Mays and a Hank Thompson RBI single.

Mays saved the day in the eighth after leadoff singles by Larry Doby and Al Rosen led to starting pitcher Maglie being lifted for Liddle. Wertz's drive to deep center field would have scored both if not for Mays' memorable catch.

Wertz opened the 10th inning with another hard-hit ball in Mays' direction, which again would have required a great defensive play by the Giants' centerfielder but landed for a double.[8] (Wertz thus ended his afternoon having gone 4-for-5 with three extra-base hits and batting in the Indians' two runs.) However, this potential 10th-inning rally was to no avail, as the Indians batted only 1-for-16 with runners in scoring position in the game, and went hitless (0-for-13) in such situations after Wertz's two-run triple in the first inning.[9]

Lemon went all the way for Cleveland, losing it in the 10th when Dusty Rhodes, pinch-hitting for Monte Irvin with two Giants on base, hit a walk-off home run.

Game 2

Dusty Rhodes of the New York Giants rounds first base after hitting a home run during the seventh inning of the second game of the 1954 World Series.
Thursday, September 30, 1954 1:00pm (ET) at
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Cleveland 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 8 0
New York 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 0 X 3 4 0
WP: Johnny Antonelli (1-0)   LP: Early Wynn (0-1)
Home runs:
CLE: Al Smith (1)
NYG: Dusty Rhodes (2)

Once again, the visitors started quickly but could not hold their lead. Al Smith's leadoff home run off Johnny Antonelli put Cleveland up 1-0. Early Wynn preserved that lead, pitching four perfect innings, but in the fifth inning, Willie Mays walked and Hank Thompson singled, and Dusty Rhodes, again pinch-hitting for Monte Irvin, delivered an RBI single. Antonelli gave himself the go-ahead run by scoring Thompson on a groundout. New York had just four hits, but Rhodes padded the Giants' lead with a home run leading off the seventh. Their other hit came in the sixth on an Alvin Dark leadoff single. Antonelli walked six but struck out nine, pitching a complete game to give the Giants a 2-0 series lead. This would be the last postseason game at the Polo Grounds.

Game 3

Friday, October 1, 1954 1:00pm (ET) at
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York 1 0 3 0 1 1 0 0 0 6 10 1
Cleveland 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 2 4 2
WP: Ruben Gomez (1-0)   LP: Mike Garcia (0-1)   Sv: Hoyt Wilhelm (1)
Home runs:
NYG: None
CLE: Vic Wertz (1)

A huge crowd of 71,555 hoped to see Cleveland get its first win, but things did not go well for the home team. The Indians trailed 1-0 quickly when Whitey Lockman singled, took second on a groundout and scored on a hit by Willie Mays. The run was scored as unearned because of an error by shortstop George Strickland. With the bases loaded in the third, pinch hitter Dusty Rhodes hit a two-run single. An error by pitcher Mike Garcia on Davey Williams' bunt attempt gave the Giants another run to make it 4-0. The Giants added to their lead on RBI singles by Wes Westrum off of Art Houtteman in the fifth and by Mays off of Ray Narleski in the sixth. Ruben Gomez gave up just four hits and two runs (a Vic Wertz home run in the seventh and an error by shortstop Alvin Dark on a grounder by Al Smith), with knuckleballer Hoyt Wilhelm mopping up for the save.

Game 4

Saturday, October 2, 1954 1:00pm (ET) at
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York 0 2 1 0 4 0 0 0 0 7 10 3
Cleveland 0 0 0 0 3 0 1 0 0 4 6 2
WP: Don Liddle (1-0)   LP: Bob Lemon (0-2)   Sv: Johnny Antonelli (1)
Home runs:
NYG: None
CLE: Hank Majeski (1)

Cleveland's slim comeback chances took a beating as the Indians fell hopelessly behind, 7-0. The scoring started on a pair of Cleveland errors in the second inning. An RBI double by Mays in the third scored another run. The Giants' four-run fifth inning broke the game wide open. Starter Bob Lemon loaded the bases and was pulled for Hal Newhouser, who faced just two batters, giving up a walk to Thompson and two-run single to Irvin. The Giants added another run in the inning on Wes Westrum's sacrifice fly against Ray Narleski. A brief glimmer of hope for the home team came in the bottom of the fifth with a couple of Giants errors and a Hank Majeski three-run pinch-hit home run, but except for a meaningless RBI single by Rudy Regalado in the seventh off starter Don Liddle, the Indians got nothing more as Hoyt Wilhelm and Game 2 starter Johnny Antonelli came on in relief and the Giants completed a four-game sweep. It was the most unexpected sweep in World Series history with the Indians having a better regular reason record by 14 games. The only other similar discrepancy in a World Series sweep was the 1990 Cincinnati Reds who swept an Oakland A's team whose regular season record bested theirs by 12 games.

Composite box

1954 World Series (4-0): New York Giants (N.L.) over Cleveland Indians (A.L.)

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 R H E
New York Giants 1 2 6 0 7 1 1 0 0 3 21 33 7
Cleveland Indians 3 0 0 0 3 0 2 1 0 0 9 26 4
Total attendance: 251,507   Average attendance: 62,877
   

Records

  • Hank Thompson set a World Series record for bases on balls received during a four-game series with 7 and Bob Lemon set a World Series record for bases on balls given up during a four-game series with 8.

Notes

  1. ^ "1954 Cleveland Indians Team". Baseball-Reference. Retrieved 2011.
  2. ^ "1954 New York Giants Team". Baseball-Reference. Retrieved 2011.
  3. ^ "1954 World Series Game 1 - Cleveland Indians vs. New York Giants". Retrosheet. Retrieved 2009.
  4. ^ "1954 World Series Game 2 - Cleveland Indians vs. New York Giants". Retrosheet. Retrieved 2009.
  5. ^ "1954 World Series Game 3 - New York Giants vs. Cleveland Indians". Retrosheet. Retrieved 2009.
  6. ^ "1954 World Series Game 4 - New York Giants vs. Cleveland Indians". Retrosheet. Retrieved 2009.
  7. ^ "Little Leaguer Throws Out First Pitch". The Marion Star. Marion, Ohio. September 30, 1954. p. 19. Retrieved 2018 – via newspapers.com.
  8. ^ Mutual Broadcasting System radio broadcast, http://www.popflock.com/video?id=VbXGRQ31uX4&t=1845s
  9. ^ https://www.baseball-reference.com/boxes/NY1/NY1195409290.shtml
  10. ^ "World Series Gate Receipts and Player Shares". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved 2009.

See also

References

  • Cohen, Richard M.; Neft, David S. (1990). The World Series: Complete Play-By-Play of Every Game, 1903-1989. New York: St. Martin's Press. pp. 250-253. ISBN 0-312-03960-3.
  • Hano, Arnold (2004). A Day in the Bleachers. Cambridge: Da Capo Press. ISBN 0-306-81322-X. The author, who later wrote Mays' biography, described sitting in the left-center field bleachers at the Polo Grounds for Game 1. An entire chapter was devoted to "The Catch".
  • Reichler, Joseph (1982). The Baseball Encyclopedia (5th ed.). Macmillan Publishing. p. 2162. ISBN 0-02-579010-2.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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