All 615 seats in the House of Commons
308 seats needed for a majority
Colours denote the winning party--as shown in § Results
The 1935 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday 14 November 1935 and resulted in a large, albeit reduced, majority for the National Government now led by Stanley Baldwin of the Conservative Party. The greatest number of members, as before, were Conservatives, while the National Liberal vote held steady. The National Labour vote also held steady, but the resurgence in the main Labour vote caused over a third of their MPs, including party leader Ramsay MacDonald, to lose their seats.
Labour, under what was then regarded internally as the caretaker leadership of Clement Attlee following the resignation of George Lansbury slightly over a month before the election, made large gains over their very poor showing at the 1931 general election, and registered their highest-ever share of the vote up until this point. The party made a net gain of more than one-hundred seats, thus reversing much of the ground that it had lost in 1931. The Liberals continued their slow political collapse and lost further ground, with their leader, Sir Herbert Samuel, losing his own seat.
The Independent Labour Party stood entirely separately from Labour for the first time since 1895, having stood candidates unendorsed by Labour at the 1931 general election and having disaffiliated fully from Labour in 1932. The Scottish National Party contested their first general election, and the Communist Party gained the West Fife seat, their first in ten years.
No general elections were held during the Second World War until Allied victory was assured; hence the 1935 House sat until 1945 due to the cancellation of the scheduled general election for 1940. As a result, this Parliament would see two leadership changes. Neville Chamberlain took over from Stanley Baldwin as Prime Minister and Leader of the Conservative Party in 1937. Chamberlain in turn resigned in 1940, when the office of Prime Minister passed to Winston Churchill, who linked the three main parties in the House of Commons in an all-party unity government for the duration of the war.
|Party||Leader||Stood||Elected||Gained||Unseated||Net||% of total||%||No.||Net %|
|Liberal National||John Simon||44||33||5||7||−2||5.4||3.7||784,608||0.0|
|National Labour||Ramsay MacDonald||20||8||1||6||−5||1.3||1.5||321,028||0.0|
|National Government (total)||Stanley Baldwin||583||429||12||139||−125||69.8||51.8||11,183,908||−15.4|
|Ind. Labour Party||James Maxton||17||4||4||0||+4||0.7||0.7||136,208||N/A|
|Nationalist||Thomas J. Campbell||2||2||0||0||0||0.3||0.2||50,747||−0.1|
|Liverpool Protestant||Harry Longbottom||1||0||0||0||0||0.0||0.0||6,677||0.0|
|Social Credit||John Hargrave||3||0||0||0||0||0.0||0.0||10,376||N/A|
|Plaid Cymru||Saunders Lewis||1||0||0||0||0||0.0||0.0||2,534||0.0|
|Labour||Liberal||11||Edinburgh East, South Shields, Durham, Bethnal Green North-East+, Lambeth North+, Whitechapel and St Georges, Middlesbrough East, Dewsbury, Colne Valley, Wrexham, Carmarthen|
|National Labour||6||Ilkeston, Seaham, Forest of Dean, Finsbury, Tottenham South, Bassetlaw|
|Liberal National||7||Western Isles, Dunfermline Burghs, Bishop Auckland, Consett, Shoreditch, Barnsley, Burnley|
|National Independent||2||Southwark Central, Burslem1|
|Conservative||79||Aberdeen North, Stirling and Falkirk, Clackmannan and Eastern Stirlingshire, Stirlingshire West, Kirkcaldy Burghs, Maryhill, Motherwell, Bothwell, Coatbridge, Springburn, Tradeston, Ayrshire South, Linlithgow, Whitehaven, Derbyshire North East, Chesterfield, Blaydon, Houghton-le-Spring, Jarrow, Barnard Castle, Sedgefield, East Ham S, Leyton West, Romford, Upton+, Bristol South, Kingston upon Hull Central, Kingston upon Hull East, Ashton-under-Lyne, Farnworth, Ardwick, Clayton, Gorton, Platting, Rochdale, Everton, West Toxteth, Newton, St Helens, Brigg, Battersea North, Camberwell North, Deptford, Hackney Central , Hackney South, Hammersmith North+, Islington South, Islington West, Rotherhithe, Southwark South East, Mile End, Willesden West, Edmonton, Tottenham North, Morpeth, Nottingham West, Cannock, Hanley, Kingswinford, Leek, Stoke, Wednesbury+, West Bromwich, Nuneaton, Shipley, Wakefield+, Sheffield Park, Rotherham+, Bradford Central, Keighley, Pontefract, Hillsborough, Attercliffe, Brightside, Penistone, Leeds South, Doncaster, Batley and Morley, Nelson and Colne|
|Liberal||Conservative||3||Cumberland North, Barnstaple, Berwick-upon-Tweed|
|National Labour||Liberal||1||Leicester West|
|Conservative||2||Sunderland (one of two), Oldham (one of two)|
|National Liberal gains:||3|
|National Independent||Conservative||1||Brecon and Radnor|
|Conservative||Liberal||4||Orkney and Shetland, Banff, Bodmin, Darwen|
These are available on the Political Science Resources Elections Database, a link to which is given below.